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Banks, Joseph Ambrose [Joe] (1920–2005), sociologist and historian  

S. R. S. Szreter

Banks, Joseph Ambrose [Joe] (1920–2005), sociologist and historian, was born at 66 Montague Road, Edmonton, Middlesex, on 5 January 1920, the only child of Joseph William Banks, a boot and shoe dealer who later became a master tailor, and his wife, Louisa Mary Ann, ...

Article

Beales, Hugh Lancelot (1889–1988), economist and social historian  

Bernard Crick

Beales, Hugh Lancelot (1889–1988), economist and social historian, born at Sedbergh, Yorkshire, on 18 February 1889, was the son of William Beales, a Wesleyan Methodist minister, and his wife, Zaida Mary Ann Elizabeth Scantlebury Green. He grew up in a radical political household. He was sent to the ...

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Cover Bell, Florence Eveleen Eleanore, Lady Bell (1851–1930)

Bell, Florence Eveleen Eleanore, Lady Bell (1851–1930)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Florence Eveleen Eleanore Bell, Lady Bell (1851–1930) by unknown photographer courtesy of Middlesbrough Libraries & Information

Article

Bell [née Olliffe], Florence Eveleen Eleanore, Lady Bell (1851–1930), author, social investigator, and playwright  

Angela V. John

Bell [née Olliffe], Florence Eveleen Eleanore, Lady Bell (1851–1930), author, social investigator, and playwright, was born on 9 September 1851 at 2 rue St Florentin, Paris, the youngest of the four children of Sir Joseph Olliffe (1808–1869), physician to the British embassy in ...

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Cover Booth, Charles (1840–1916)

Booth, Charles (1840–1916)  

Maker: George Frederic Watts

Charles Booth (1840–1916) by George Frederic Watts, c. 1901 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Booth, Charles (1840–1916), shipowner and social investigator  

Jose Harris

Booth, Charles (1840–1916), shipowner and social investigator, was born on 30 March 1840 at 27 Bedford North Street, Liverpool. He was the third son of Charles Booth (1799–1860), a prosperous corn merchant, and his first wife, Emily Fletcher (1803–1853). Both his parents were Unitarians, and had wide connections among the commercial, dissenting, and philanthropic ‘aristocracy’ of ...

Article

Branford, Victor Verasis (1863–1930), sociologist and businessman  

John Scott

Branford, Victor Verasis (1863–1930), sociologist and businessman, was born at 15 West Street, Oundle, Northamptonshire, on 25 September 1863, the eldest surviving son of William Catton Branford (1837–1891), a veterinary surgeon, and Ann Kitchen (1826–1871), the sister of his father's deceased first wife. His father spent two short periods as professor in the veterinary college in ...

Article

Finley, Sir Moses I. (1912–1986), historian and sociologist  

F. W. Walbank

revised

Finley, Sir Moses I. (1912–1986), historian and sociologist, was born in New York on 20 May 1912, the eldest in the family of three sons and one daughter of Nathan Finkelstein, mechanical engineer, of New York, and his wife, Anna Katzenellenbogen. In October 1946 he followed his brothers and changed his name to ...

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Cover Gellner, Ernest André (1925–1995)

Gellner, Ernest André (1925–1995)  

Maker: Geoff Howard

In 

Ernest André Gellner (1925–1995) by Geoff Howard, 1979 Geoff Howard / Camera Press, London

Article

Gellner, Ernest André (1925–1995), social philosopher and anthropologist  

Steven Lukes

Gellner, Ernest André (1925–1995), social philosopher and anthropologist, was born on 9 December 1925 in Paris, the elder of two children of Jewish parents, Rudolf Gellner (1897–1987), a lawyer, and his wife, Anna, née Fantl (1894–1954), both from Czechoslovakia. The family returned to ...

Article

Harrisson, Tom Harnett (1911–1976), ornithologist, museum curator, and co-founder of the Mass-Observation social survey project  

Judith M. Heimann

Harrisson, Tom Harnett (1911–1976), ornithologist, museum curator, and co-founder of the Mass-Observation social survey project, was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 26 September 1911, the elder of the two children of Brigadier-General Geoffry Harnett Harrisson (1881–1939) and his wife, Marie Ellen (Doll; 1886–1961)...

Article

Hobhouse, Leonard Trelawny (1864–1929), social philosopher and journalist  

Michael Freeden

Hobhouse, Leonard Trelawny (1864–1929), social philosopher and journalist, was born on 8 September 1864 at St Ive, near Liskeard, Cornwall, the youngest of the seven children of the Revd Reginald Hobhouse (1818–1895), rector of St Ive for fifty years and archdeacon of Bodmin...

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Cover Hobhouse, Leonard Trelawny (1864–1929)

Hobhouse, Leonard Trelawny (1864–1929)  

Maker: Elliott & Fry

In 

Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse (1864–1929) by Elliott & Fry British Library of Political and Economic Science

Article

MacRae, Donald Gunn (1921–1997), sociologist  

J. D. Y. Peel

MacRae, Donald Gunn (1921–1997), sociologist, was born on 20 April 1921 at 22 Westfield Street, Cathcart, Glasgow, the only child of Donald MacRae (1884–1964), an engineer at a flour mill, and his wife, Elizabeth Maud, née Gunn (1888–1971), a teacher. He spent much of his childhood at the homes of his grandparents. His paternal grandfather farmed in ...

Article

Marshall, Thomas Humphrey (1893–1981), sociologist  

A. H. Halsey

Marshall, Thomas Humphrey (1893–1981), sociologist, was born in fashionable Bloomsbury, in London, on 19 December 1893. He was the second son and the fourth of six children of a successful architect, William Cecil Marshall, and his wife, Margaret, the daughter of Archdeacon J. F. Lloyd...

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Cover Marshall, Thomas Humphrey (1893–1981)

Marshall, Thomas Humphrey (1893–1981)  

Maker: Howard Coster

Thomas Humphrey Marshall (1893–1981) by Howard Coster, 1944 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

McGregor, Oliver Ross, Baron McGregor of Durris (1921–1997), social scientist and public servant  

Robert Pinker

McGregor, Oliver Ross, Baron McGregor of Durris (1921–1997), social scientist and public servant, was born at Durris, Kincardineshire, on 25 August 1921, the only child of William McGregor, farmer, and his wife, Anne Olivia, née Ross. He was educated at Worksop College, Aberdeen University...

Article

Schreiner, Olive Emilie Albertina (1855–1920), author and social theorist  

Joyce Avrech Berkman

Schreiner, Olive Emilie Albertina (1855–1920), author and social theorist, was born on 24 March 1855 at Wittebergen Wesleyan mission station, on the border of Basutoland, Cape Colony, the ninth of the twelve children of Rebecca Lyndall (1818–1903) of London and her husband, Gottlob Schreiner (1814–1876)...

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Cover Spencer, Herbert (1820–1903)

Spencer, Herbert (1820–1903)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Herbert Spencer (1820–1903) by unknown photographer, c. 1898 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Spencer, Herbert (1820–1903), philosopher, social theorist, and sociologist  

Jose Harris

Spencer, Herbert (1820–1903), philosopher, social theorist, and sociologist, was born at 12 Exeter Road, Derby, on 27 April 1820. He was the eldest son of (William) George Spencer (bap. 1790, d. 1866), the proprietor and headmaster of a small private school, and his wife, ...