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Benson, Margaret (1865–1916), Egyptologist and religious philosopher  

Jessica Martin

Benson, Margaret (1865–1916), Egyptologist and religious philosopher, was born on 16 June 1865 at Wellington College, Berkshire, the fourth of the six children of Edward White Benson (1829–1896), archbishop of Canterbury (1882–96), and his wife, Mary (1841–1918), daughter of the Revd William Sidgwick...

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Cover Butler, Joseph (1692–1752)

Butler, Joseph (1692–1752)  

Maker: Mr Taylor of Durham

In 

Joseph Butler (1692–1752) by Mr Taylor of Durham, 1750–52 by kind permission of the Lord Bishop of Durham and the Church Commissioners of England. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Article

Butler, Joseph (1692–1752), moral philosopher and theologian  

Christopher Cunliffe

Butler, Joseph (1692–1752), moral philosopher and theologian, was born on 18 May 1692 in Wantage, Berkshire. He was the youngest among the eight children of Thomas Butler (d. 1731), variously described as a prominent cloth merchant or linen draper in the town and as '...

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Cover Clarke, Samuel (1675–1729)

Clarke, Samuel (1675–1729)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Samuel Clarke (1675–1729) by unknown artist, c. 1720 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Clarke, Samuel (1675–1729), theologian and philosopher  

John Gascoigne

Clarke, Samuel (1675–1729), theologian and philosopher, was born on 11 October 1675 at Norwich, the son of Edward Clarke, cloth manufacturer and MP, and Hannah, daughter of Samuel Parmenter, a merchant of Norwich.

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Cover Cudworth, Ralph (1617–1688)

Cudworth, Ralph (1617–1688)  

Maker: unknown artist

Ralph Cudworth (1617–1688) by unknown artist by permission of the Master, Fellows, and Scholars of Emmanuel College in the University of Cambridge

Article

Cudworth, Ralph (1617–1688), philosopher and theologian  

David A. Pailin

Cudworth, Ralph (1617–1688), philosopher and theologian, was born in Aller, Somerset, and baptized there on 13 July 1617. His father, Dr Ralph Cudworth (d. 1624), a fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, who had been lecturer of St Andrew's Church there, was rector of a college living at ...

Article

Culverwell, Nathaniel [Nathanael Culverwel] (bap. 1619, d. 1651), philosopher and theologian  

Sarah Hutton

Culverwell, Nathaniel [Nathanael Culverwel] (bap. 1619, d. 1651), philosopher and theologian, was baptized on 13 January 1619 at St Margaret Moyses, Friday Street, in the City of London. He was the eldest of five children of Richard Culverwell (1581/2–1644) [see under Culverwell family (per. c. 1545-c. 1640)...

Article

Farrer, Austin Marsden (1904–1968), philosopher, theologian, and biblical scholar  

I. M. Crombie

revised

Farrer, Austin Marsden (1904–1968), philosopher, theologian, and biblical scholar, was born at 28 Kemplay Road, Hampstead, London, on 1 October 1904, the son of the Revd Augustine John Daniel Farrer, a Baptist minister, and his wife, Evangeline Archer. From St Paul's School, London...

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Cover Farrer, Austin Marsden (1904–1968)

Farrer, Austin Marsden (1904–1968)  

Maker: George Speake

In 

Austin Marsden Farrer (1904–1968) by George Speake, 1970 © George Speake; Keble College, Oxford

Article

Hooker, Richard (1554–1600), theologian and philosopher  

A. S. McGrade

Hooker, Richard (1554–1600), theologian and philosopher, was born in or near Exeter in early April 1554. The original name of the family was Vowell, but in the fifteenth century its members began calling themselves Vowell, alias Hooker or Hoker, and in the sixteenth century the original name was generally dropped. ...

Article

MacKinnon, Donald MacKenzie (1913–1994), philosopher and theologian  

David Fergusson

MacKinnon, Donald MacKenzie (1913–1994), philosopher and theologian, was born in Oban, Argyll, on 27 August 1913, the son of Donald MacKenzie MacKinnon (d. 1930), procurator fiscal, and his wife, Grace Isabella Rhind. An Anglicized Scot, MacKinnon was educated at Cargilfield School, Edinburgh...

Article

Moore, Aubrey Lackington (1848–1890), theologian and philosopher  

Richard England

Moore, Aubrey Lackington (1848–1890), theologian and philosopher, was born at 13 North Terrace, Camberwell, Surrey, on 30 March 1848, the second son of Daniel Moore (1809–1899), vicar of Holy Trinity, Paddington, and prebendary of St Paul's, and his wife, Fanny Henrietta Lackington. He was educated at ...

Article

More, Henry (1614–1687), philosopher, poet, and theologian  

Sarah Hutton

More, Henry (1614–1687), philosopher, poet, and theologian, was born in Grantham, Lincolnshire, on 12 October 1614, the youngest of the seven sons of Alexander More, sometime alderman and mayor (1617) of Grantham, and his wife, Anne (née Lacy). He attended Grantham grammar school...

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Cover More, Henry (1614–1687)

More, Henry (1614–1687)  

Maker: William Faithorne the elder

In 

Henry More (1614–1687) by William Faithorne the elder, pubd 1675 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Rashdall, Hastings (1858–1924), moral philosopher, theologian, and historian  

Jane Garnett

Rashdall, Hastings (1858–1924), moral philosopher, theologian, and historian, was born at 34 St George's Road, Kensington, London, on 24 June 1858, the eldest child of the Revd John Rashdall (d. 1869?), incumbent of Eaton Chapel, Eaton Square, London, and afterwards (1864–9) of ...

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Cover Rashdall, Hastings (1858–1924)

Rashdall, Hastings (1858–1924)  

Maker: Walter Stoneman

Hastings Rashdall (1858–1924) by Walter Stoneman, 1918 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Ward, William George (1812–1882), theologian and philosopher  

Sheridan Gilley

Ward, William George (1812–1882), theologian and philosopher, was born in London on 21 March 1812, the eldest son of the four sons and four daughters of William Ward (1787–1849), MP, director of the Bank of England, and proprietor of Lord's cricket ground, and his wife, ...

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Cover Ward, William George (1812–1882)

Ward, William George (1812–1882)  

Maker: George J. Stodart

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William George Ward (1812–1882) by George J. Stodart, pubd 1889 (after Emily Combe, c. 1832) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Webb, Clement Charles Julian (1865–1954), theologian and philosopher of religion  

Mark D. Chapman

Webb, Clement Charles Julian (1865–1954), theologian and philosopher of religion, was born in London on 25 June 1865, the youngest child of Benjamin Webb (1819–1885), incumbent of St Andrew's, Well's Street, and prebendary of St Paul's, and his wife, Maria Elphinstone, daughter of the Sanskrit and Arabic scholar ...