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Craster, Sir (Herbert Henry) Edmund (1879–1959), librarian and historian, was born at the family seat, Beadnell Hall, Northumberland, on 5 November 1879, the third son (but only child of the second marriage) of Edmund Craster (1824–1898), formerly of the Bengal civil service. His mother, who died a fortnight after ...

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Fraser, Sir William (1816–1898), genealogist and archivist, was born at Links of Arduthie, by Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, on 18 February 1816. Though his father, James (d. 1834), and grandfather William were stonemasons, Fraser's paternal forebears came of farming stock in Strathspey and Stratha'an...

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Gairdner, James (1828–1912), archivist and historian, was born in Edinburgh on 22 March 1828, the second son of John Gairdner MD (1790–1876) and Susanna, née Tennant (d. 1860). A maternal great-grandfather was William Dalrymple (1723–1814) and Sir William Tennant Gairdner was his brother. ...

Article

Hardy, Sir Thomas Duffus (1804–1878), historian and archivist, was born at Port Royal, Jamaica, on 22 May 1804, the third son of Thomas Bartholomew Price Hardy (d. 1813), then a captain-lieutenant of the Royal Artillery, and his second wife, Frances Duffus (...

Article

Hertslet, Lewis (1787–1870), librarian and editor of state papers, was born in November 1787, the eldest son of Jean Louis Pierre Hertslett (formerly Hiertzelet). His father was a Swiss settled in England, who became a king's messenger in May 1797. Lewis Hertslet was appointed sub-librarian in the ...

Article

Hobson, Anthony Robert Alwyn (1921–2014), auctioneer and historian of books and bookbinding, was born on 5 September 1921 at St Oswald’s, Churton Road, Rhyl, Denbighshire, near his maternal grandfather’s parish of Rhuddlan, the only child of Geoffrey Dudley Hobson (1882–1949), historian of bookbinding, and his wife ...

Article

Johnson, Charles (1870–1961), archivist and historian, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne on 2 May 1870, the only child of Edmund White Johnson, timber merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth Hannah, daughter of his senior partner, John Herring. He was educated at Giggleswick School...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by William O'Sullivan

Lodge, John (1692–1774), archivist and genealogist, was born at Bolton-le-Sands, Lancashire, and baptized there on 22 January 1693, the son of Edmund Lodge, a farmer. He was educated at Clapham School, Yorkshire, under Mr Ashe, and entered St John's College, Cambridge, on 26 June 1716, graduating BA in 1719–20 and proceeding MA in 1730. He was ordained deacon at ...

Article

Luttrell, Narcissus (1657–1732), annalist and book collector, was born on 12 August 1657 in Holborn, London, the third but eldest surviving son of Francis Luttrell (1613–1677) of Gray's Inn (a cadet of the Luttrells of Staunton Court, Devon) and Catherine Mapowder (...

Article

Lyte, Sir Henry Churchill Maxwell (1848–1940), archivist and historian, was born at 1 Hyde Park Place, London, on 29 May 1848, the only son of John Walker Maxwell Lyte (1825–1848), of Berry Head, near Brixham, and his wife, Emily Jeannette, daughter of Colonel John Craigie...

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William Dunn Macray (1826–1916) by Henry Scott Tuke, in or before 1910 © Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

Article

Macray, William Dunn (1826–1916), librarian, historian, and Church of England clergyman, was born on 7 July 1826 in St Pancras, London, the third son of John Macray (1796–1878) and his wife, Ann Downs. He was educated at Magdalen College School, Oxford, and matriculated at ...

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Sir William Stirling Maxwell, ninth baronet (1818–1878) by George Richmond, c. 1856 private collection; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Maxwell, Sir William Stirling, ninth baronet (1818–1878), art historian, historian, and book collector, was born William Stirling on 8 March 1818 at Kenmure House, Kirkintilloch, near Glasgow, the only son of Archibald Stirling of Keir and Cawder (1769–1847) and Elizabeth Maxwell (1793–1822), daughter of ...

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Opie, Peter Mason (1918–1982), book collector and historian of the lore of childhood, the only child of Major Philip Adams Opie, of the Royal Army Medical Corps, and his wife, Margaret Collett-Mason, was born on 25 November 1918 in Cairo, Egypt, where his father was serving as an army doctor and where his mother had been a volunteer nurse. His father was later posted to ...

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Sir Francis Palgrave (1788–1861) by Thomas Woolner, 1861 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Palgrave [formerly Cohen], Sir Francis (1788–1861), archivist and historian, was born in July 1788 at Green Street, Kentish Town, London, the only son of Meyer Cohen (c.1760–1831), a stockbroker, and his wife, Rachel, née Levien (d. 1815). In 1797 ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Pryce, George (1799–1868), historian and librarian, born on 2 October 1799, was largely self-educated. He was at first a schoolmaster, but subsequently became an accountant at Bristol. He devoted his leisure to the study of archaeology and the early history of Bristol. In April 1856 he was appointed city librarian in ...

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William Ralston Shedden- Ralston (1828–1889) by I. S.? Panov (after unknown artist, c. 1875) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Ralston, William Ralston Shedden- (1828–1889), librarian, folklorist, and Russian scholar, was born on 4 April 1828 in York Terrace, Regent's Park, London, the only son of William Patrick Ralston Shedden (1794–1880), merchant of Calcutta, and his wife, Frances Sophia, daughter of William Browne...