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Baker, Sir Richard (c. 1568–1645), religious writer and historian  

G. H. Martin

Baker, Sir Richard (c. 1568–1645), religious writer and historian, was born at Sissinghurst, Kent, the elder son of John Baker (b. in or before 1531, d. 1604×6), MP in 1554–5 and lawyer, and Catherine, daughter of Reginald Scott, of Scots Hall, Ashford, Kent...

Article

Bale, John (1495–1563), bishop of Ossory, evangelical polemicist, and historian  

John N. King

Bale, John (1495–1563), bishop of Ossory, evangelical polemicist, and historian, was born to parents of humble means at the village of Cove, near Dunwich in Suffolk, on 21 November 1495. In his Illustrium maioris Britanniae Bale names his parents as Henry and Margaret...

Article

Bennett, Gareth Vaughan (1929–1987), ecclesiastical historian  

Mark D. Chapman

Bennett, Gareth Vaughan (1929–1987), ecclesiastical historian, was born on 8 November 1929 at 19 Valkyrie Road, Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex, the only child of Roy Charles Frederick Bennett, a London shipping clerk, and his wife, Kathleen Beryl Vaughan (d. 1981). A lonely child, he was educated at private schools in ...

Article

Bigg, Charles (1840–1908), schoolmaster and ecclesiastical historian  

Martin D. W. Jones

Bigg, Charles (1840–1908), schoolmaster and ecclesiastical historian, was born on 12 September 1840 at Higher Broughton, near Manchester, the second son of Thomas Bigg (1796–1843), a Manchester merchant, and his wife, Sarah Elden (1802–1879). He was educated at Manchester grammar school...

Article

Bingham, Joseph (bap. 1668, d. 1723), ecclesiastical historian  

Stuart Handley

Bingham, Joseph (bap. 1668, d. 1723), ecclesiastical historian, was baptized on 28 September 1668 at All Saints', Wakefield, Yorkshire, the son of Francis Bingham (b. 1625, d. in or after 1680), of Wakefield, a nonconformist, who had originally been apprenticed as a cutler. He was educated at ...

Article

Bishop, Edmund (1846–1917), liturgical scholar and ecclesiastical historian  

R. J. Schoeck

Bishop, Edmund (1846–1917), liturgical scholar and ecclesiastical historian, was born at Bridgetown, in Berry Pomeroy, near Totnes, Devon, on 17 May 1846, the youngest child of Michael Bishop (1802–1851), an innkeeper, and his wife, Susanna Quick (1804–1863). He had his early schooling in the grammar school at ...

Article

Blunt, John Henry (1823–1884), ecclesiastical historian and theological writer  

T. F. Tout

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Blunt, John Henry (1823–1884), ecclesiastical historian and theological writer, was born on 25 August 1823 at Chelsea, where he was baptized at St Luke’s on 14 September 1823, the son of Robert Blunt (1792–1870), chemist, of Prospect Place, Chelsea, and his wife, ...

Article

Bower, Archibald (1686x8–1766), religious controversialist and historical writer  

Geoffrey Holt

Bower, Archibald (1686x8–1766), religious controversialist and historical writer, was born either on 17 January 1686 or on 17 January 1687 or in September 1688, at or near Dundee. His parents' names are unknown. According to his own account he was descended from an ancient family that had for several hundred years been possessed of an estate in ...

Article

Bright, William (1824–1901), church historian  

Andrew Clark

revised by Myfanwy Lloyd

Bright, William (1824–1901), church historian, born at Doncaster on 14 December 1824, was the only son of William Bright, town clerk of Doncaster, Yorkshire, and Mary Ann Branson. He was sent first to a preparatory school at Southwell, and then, in 1837, to ...

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Cover Bright, William (1824–1901)

Bright, William (1824–1901)  

Maker: Gillman & Co.

In 

William Bright (1824–1901) by Gillman & Co. © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Cardwell, Edward (1787–1861), ecclesiastical historian  

C. W. Sutton

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Cardwell, Edward (1787–1861), ecclesiastical historian, was the youngest of the five sons of Richard Cardwell of Blackburn, Lancashire, and his wife, Jane, daughter of John and Margaret Hodson of Wigan. He was born in Standishgate, Wigan, on 3 August 1787 and entered Brasenose College, Oxford...

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Cover Cardwell, Edward (1787–1861)

Cardwell, Edward (1787–1861)  

Maker: William Holl

In 

Edward Cardwell (1787–1861) by William Holl (after George Richmond, 1853) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Carpenter, Edward Frederick (1910–1998), dean of Westminster and ecclesiastical historian  

Michael De-la-Noy

Carpenter, Edward Frederick (1910–1998), dean of Westminster and ecclesiastical historian, was born on 27 November 1910 at 17 New Haw Road, Addleston, Surrey, the younger son and younger child of Frederick James Carpenter (1880–1969), a master craftsman and builder, and his wife, Jessie Kate (1880–1960)...

Article

Cassan, Stephen Hyde (1789–1841), ecclesiastical biographer  

H. C. G. Matthew

Cassan, Stephen Hyde (1789–1841), ecclesiastical biographer, son of Stephen Cassan, barrister, and his wife, Sarah, daughter of Captain Charles Mears, was born at Calcutta, where his father was sheriff. He was educated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, from May 1811 and took his BA degree on 14 January 1815. He received deacon's orders on 26 March 1816, and was ordained priest in 1817. While curate of ...

Article

Cheetham, Samuel (1827–1908), Church of England clergyman and ecclesiastical historian  

Ronald Bayne

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Cheetham, Samuel (1827–1908), Church of England clergyman and ecclesiastical historian, the son of Samuel Cheetham, farmer, of Hambleton, Rutland, and his wife, Emma Mary, née Woolston, was born in Hambleton on 3 March 1827. Educated at the neighbouring grammar school of Oakham, he matriculated at ...

Article

Cotton, Henry (1790–1879), ecclesiastical historian  

B. H. Blacker

revised by Marie-Louise Legg

Cotton, Henry (1790–1879), ecclesiastical historian, was born in Buckinghamshire on 31 March 1790, a son of the Revd William Cotton, of Chicheley, Berkshire. In 1802 he went to Westminster School and in 1807 he entered Christ Church, Oxford, where he was awarded a first class in classics in 1810, and became Greek reader. He graduated BA in 1811 and proceeded MA in 1813. While at ...

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Cover Coulton, George Gordon (1858–1947)

Coulton, George Gordon (1858–1947)  

Maker: Walter Stoneman

In 

George Gordon Coulton (1858–1947) by Walter Stoneman, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Coulton, George Gordon (1858–1947), historian and controversialist  

Henry Summerson

Coulton, George Gordon (1858–1947), historian and controversialist, was born at Tower Place, King's Lynn, Norfolk, on 15 October 1858, the third son and sixth child of John James Coulton, a solicitor of Yorkshire origins, and his wife, Sarah Radley. After early schooling at a dame-school at ...

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Cover Dixon, Richard Watson (1833–1900)

Dixon, Richard Watson (1833–1900)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Richard Watson Dixon (1833–1900) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Dixon, Richard Watson (1833–1900), ecclesiastical historian and poet  

James Sambrook

Dixon, Richard Watson (1833–1900), ecclesiastical historian and poet, was born on 5 May 1833 at Islington, London, the eldest of the six surviving children of James Dixon (1788–1871) and his third wife, Mary Watson (d. 1856), the only daughter of Richard Watson (1781–1833)...