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Anning, Mary (1799–1847), fossil collector and dealer  

H. S. Torrens

Anning, Mary (1799–1847), fossil collector and dealer, was born on 21 May 1799 in a seaside house in Lyme Regis, Dorset. She and her brother Joseph (1796–1849) were the only surviving children of Richard Anning (c.1766–1810), cabinet-maker and carpenter, and his wife, ...

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Cover Anning, Mary (1799–1847)

Anning, Mary (1799–1847)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Mary Anning (1799–1847) by unknown artist, before 1842 © The Natural History Museum, London

Article

Baily, John Walker (1809–1873), collector of antiquities  

Michael Rhodes

Baily, John Walker (1809–1873), collector of antiquities, was born on 9 January 1809 in Kent Road, London, the second son of William Baily (1769–1849), an ironmonger, of 71 Gracechurch Street, London, and his wife, Susanna née Walker (1777–1851). He was educated at an academy in ...

Article

Bargrave, John (bap. 1610, d. 1680), Church of England clergyman and collector of curiosities  

Stephen Bann

Bargrave, John (bap. 1610, d. 1680), Church of England clergyman and collector of curiosities, was baptized at Nonington, Kent, on 18 November 1610. His father, also named John, was the elder brother of Isaac Bargrave and had increased the family fortune derived from tanneries in ...

Article

Bate, Philip Argall Turner (1909–1999), musicologist and collector of musical instruments  

Hélène La Rue

Bate, Philip Argall Turner (1909–1999), musicologist and collector of musical instruments, was born in Glasgow on 26 March 1909, the only child of English parents, Percy Herbert Bate (1868–1913), secretary to the Glasgow Museum of Arts, and Mary Turner (1872–1963). His father became curator of the ...

Article

Beard, William (1772–1868), tourist guide and collector of bones  

A. P. Woolrich

Beard, William (1772–1868), tourist guide and collector of bones, was born on 24 April 1772 at Woolvershill, Banwell, Somerset, the eldest of the eight children of John Beard (1738–1801), a farmer, and his second wife, Ann Poole (1760–1833). He was educated by John Tuckey...

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Cover Beard, William (1772–1868)

Beard, William (1772–1868)  

Maker: Samuel Griffiths Tovey

In 

William Beard (1772–1868) by Samuel Griffiths Tovey, c. 1828–9 © Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge

Article

Beaumont, John (c. 1640–1731), natural philosopher and collector of geological specimens  

Scott Mandelbrote

Beaumont, John (c. 1640–1731), natural philosopher and collector of geological specimens, spent most of his life at Ston Easton, Somerset, where he practised medicine. He befriended the miners working in the nearby Mendip hills, with whom he explored newly discovered caverns and rock formations. Stimulated by ...

Article

Bellamy, Frank Arthur (1863–1936), astronomer and philatelist  

Roger Hutchins

Bellamy, Frank Arthur (1863–1936), astronomer and philatelist, was born on 17 October 1863 at St John's Street, Oxford, the youngest of the six children of Montague Bellamy (1830–1882), a college butler and master bookbinder in St Giles', Oxford, and his wife, Zilpah, née...

Article

Benett, Etheldred (1775–1845), fossil collector and geologist  

H. S. Torrens

Benett, Etheldred (1775–1845), fossil collector and geologist, was born on 22 July 1775 at Pyt House, Tisbury, Wiltshire, the eldest daughter of Thomas Benett (c.1729–1797) and Catherine Darell (d. 1780). Her eldest surviving brother, John (1773–1852), was a deputy lieutenant and magistrate for ...

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Cover Benett, Etheldred (1775–1845)

Benett, Etheldred (1775–1845)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Etheldred Benett (1775–1845) by unknown artist, 1837 Norwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery

Article

Brown, John (1780x85–1859), geologist and fossil collector  

John C. Thackray

Brown, John (1780x85–1859), geologist and fossil collector, was born at Braintree, Essex. He was apprenticed to a stonemason in Braintree before moving to Colchester as a master mason about 1805. He married first Jane Byford and in 1820, after her death, Elizabeth Eagle...

Article

Cox, Captain, of Coventry (fl. 1575), collector of ballads and romances  

A. H. Bullen

revised by Elizabeth Goldring

Cox, Captain, of Coventry (fl. 1575), collector of ballads and romances, is described by his contemporary Robert Laneham as 'an od man, I promiz yoo: by profession a mason, and that right skilfull, very cunning in fens, and hardy az Gawin; … great oversight hath he in matters of storie...

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Cover Crace, Frederick (1779–1859)

Crace, Frederick (1779–1859)  

Maker: Frederick Henry Crace

In 

Frederick Crace (1779–1859) by Frederick Henry Crace, c. 1830 private collection; © reserved in the photograph

Article

Crace, Frederick (1779–1859), interior decorator and collector of maps and prints  

Elizabeth Baigent

Crace, Frederick (1779–1859), interior decorator and collector of maps and prints, was born on 3 June 1779 at Park Row, Greenwich, the eldest son of John Crace (1753–1819) [see under Crace family (per. c. 1725-c. 1900)], interior decorator and cabinet-maker, and his second wife, ...

Article

Douce, Francis (1757–1834), antiquary and collector  

C. Hurst

Douce, Francis (1757–1834), antiquary and collector, was born on 13 July 1757 in London, the fourth and last child of Francis Douce (d. 1799), attorney, of the six clerks' office, and his wife, Ellen Tapley (d. 1799). His relationship with his father was not affectionate: '...

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Cover Douce, Francis (1757–1834)

Douce, Francis (1757–1834)  

Maker: James Barry

In 

Francis Douce (1757–1834) by James Barry, 1803 © Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

Article

Elderton, John (1755–1832), antiquary and collector of documents  

Arthur Sherbo

Elderton, John (1755–1832), antiquary and collector of documents, was born in Salisbury, Wiltshire, son of Joseph Elderton (d. 1796), alderman and justice of the peace in Salisbury and register to the bishop of the diocese. A James Elderton, probably of the same family, was admitted '...

Article

Franks, Sir (Augustus) Wollaston (1826–1897), collector and museum keeper  

David M. Wilson

Franks, Sir (Augustus) Wollaston (1826–1897), collector and museum keeper, was born at Geneva on 20 March 1826, the eldest of six children (two sons and four daughters) of Frederick Franks (1793/4–1844), naval officer, and his second wife, Frederica Anne (d. 1864), daughter of ...

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Cover Franks, Sir (Augustus) Wollaston (1826–1897)

Franks, Sir (Augustus) Wollaston (1826–1897)  

Maker: Charles J. Praetorius

In 

Sir (Augustus) Wollaston Franks (1826–1897) by Charles J. Praetorius, c. 1898 © National Portrait Gallery, London