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Ainslie, Sir Robert, first baronet (1729/30–1812), diplomatist and numismatist  

Arthur H. Grant

revised by S. J. Skedd

Ainslie, Sir Robert, first baronet (1729/30–1812), diplomatist and numismatist, was the third son of George Ainslie (d. 1773), merchant, and his wife, Jean, daughter of Sir Philip Anstruther of Anstrutherfield, Fife. He grew up with his two brothers and five sisters in ...

Article

Bayley, Sir Edward Clive (1821–1884), administrator in India and antiquary  

Stanley Lane-Poole

revised by Katherine Prior

Bayley, Sir Edward Clive (1821–1884), administrator in India and antiquary, son of Edward Clive Bayley, of the Bayleys of Hope Hall, Eccles, Lancashire, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of James Fenton, was born in St Petersburg on 17 October 1821. His father's younger brother, ...

Article

Bergne, John Brodribb (1800–1873), civil servant and numismatist  

A. A. Brodribb

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Bergne, John Brodribb (1800–1873), civil servant and numismatist, was born at Kensington, London, on 12 May 1800, the son of John Bergne (1764/5–1807) and his wife, Elizabeth a’Court Brodribb (1763/4–1839). He was descended from a family originally of Auvergne, France...

Article

Brigham, Nicholas (d. 1558), administrator and antiquary  

James P. Carley

Brigham, Nicholas (d. 1558), administrator and antiquary, is of unknown origins. The date and place of his birth are unrecorded, and there is no evidence, Anthony Wood's surmises notwithstanding, that his family was associated with Caversham in Oxfordshire before his elder brother Anthony...

Article

Chalmers, George (bap. 1742, d. 1825), antiquary and political writer  

Alexander Du Toit

Chalmers, George (bap. 1742, d. 1825), antiquary and political writer, was born in Fochabers, Moray, and baptized there on 26 December 1742, the son of James Chalmers, postmaster at Fochabers, and his wife, Isabella Ruddock. He attended the parish school of Bellie and later appears to have studied at ...

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Cover Chalmers, George (bap. 1742, d. 1825)

Chalmers, George (bap. 1742, d. 1825)  

Maker: Henry Edridge

In 

George Chalmers (bap. 1742, d. 1825) by Henry Edridge, 1809 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Clerk, Sir John, of Penicuik, second baronet (1676–1755), politician and antiquary  

Rosalind Mitchison

Clerk, Sir John, of Penicuik, second baronet (1676–1755), politician and antiquary, was born at Edinburgh on 8 February 1676, the second child and eldest son of Sir John Clerk of Penicuik, first baronet (1649/50–1722), landowner and coal owner, and his first wife, Elizabeth Hendersone...

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Cover Cotton, Sir Robert Bruce, first baronet (1571–1631)

Cotton, Sir Robert Bruce, first baronet (1571–1631)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, first baronet (1571–1631) by unknown artist, 1629 © Copyright The British Museum

Article

Cotton, Sir Robert Bruce, first baronet (1571–1631), antiquary and politician  

Stuart Handley

Cotton, Sir Robert Bruce, first baronet (1571–1631), antiquary and politician, was born at Denton, Huntingdonshire, on 22 January 1571, and baptized there five days later. He was the eldest son of Thomas Cotton (b. in or before 1544, d. 1592), of Conington, Huntingdonshire...

Article

Dawkins, James (1722–1757), antiquary and Jacobite sympathizer  

M. St John Parker

Dawkins, James (1722–1757), antiquary and Jacobite sympathizer, was born in Jamaica, the eldest of four sons of Henry Dawkins (1698–1744) of Clarendon, Jamaica, a wealthy sugar planter, and his wife, Elizabeth (1697?–1757), third daughter of Edward Pennant of Clarendon, chief justice of the island, and his wife, ...

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Cover Dickinson, William (bap. 1756, d. 1822)

Dickinson, William (bap. 1756, d. 1822)  

Maker: William Holl

In 

William Dickinson (bap. 1756, d. 1822) by William Holl, pubd 1801 (after William P. Sherlock) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Dickinson, William (bap. 1756, d. 1822), antiquary and political manager  

Adrian Henstock

Dickinson, William (bap. 1756, d. 1822), antiquary and political manager, was baptized William Dickinson Rastall at St Mary's, Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, on 15 June 1756, the only son of the Revd Dr William Rastall (1724–1788) and his wife, Mary Allgood of Branton, Northumberland. His father, who in 1774 became vicar-general of the chapter of ...

Article

Erskine, David Steuart, eleventh earl of Buchan (1742–1829), antiquary and political reformer  

Emma Vincent Macleod

Erskine, David Steuart, eleventh earl of Buchan (1742–1829), antiquary and political reformer, was born on 1 June 1742 in Edinburgh, the second son of Henry David Erskine, tenth earl (1710–1767), and his wife, Agnes (1717–1778), daughter of Sir James Steuart, bt, and the elder brother of ...

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Cover Erskine, David Steuart, eleventh earl of Buchan (1742–1829)

Erskine, David Steuart, eleventh earl of Buchan (1742–1829)  

Maker: John Finlayson

In 

David Steuart Erskine, eleventh earl of Buchan (1742–1829) by John Finlayson, pubd 1765 (after Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1764) [in Van Dyck-style costume] © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Farley, Abraham (bap. 1712, d. 1791), exchequer official and antiquary  

G. H. Martin

Farley, Abraham (bap. 1712, d. 1791), exchequer official and antiquary, was born in Kent, probably at Linton, where he was baptized in August 1712. He was the son of Abraham and Sarah Farley, of Linton, who had at least two other children, a son, ...

Article

Fraser, James (1712/13–1754), East India Company servant and collector of oriental manuscripts  

A. A. Macdonell

revised by P. J. Marshall

Fraser, James (1712/13–1754), East India Company servant and collector of oriental manuscripts, was the second son of Alexander Fraser (d. 1733) of Reelig, near Inverness, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Hugh Fraser of Belladrum. Fraser was appointed a writer to the ...

Article

Frederick, Sir Charles (1709–1785), politician and antiquary  

D. W. Bailey

Frederick, Sir Charles (1709–1785), politician and antiquary, was born on 21 December 1709 in Madras, the third son of Sir Thomas Frederick (1681–1730), at that time a member of the council of Fort St George, on the east coast of India, and of ...

Article

Gray, Charles (bap. 1696, d. 1782), lawyer, politician, and antiquary  

G. H. Martin

Gray, Charles (bap. 1696, d. 1782), lawyer, politician, and antiquary, was born in Church Street, Colchester, and baptized on 20 September 1696 at St Nicholas's, Colchester, the only son and elder child of George Gray (1677/8–1747), a glazier, and his wife, Elizabeth (...

Article

Gray, Sir James, second baronet (c. 1708–1773), diplomatist and antiquary  

L. H. Cust

revised by S. J. Skedd

Gray, Sir James, second baronet (c. 1708–1773), diplomatist and antiquary, was the elder son of James Gray (d. 1722), a courtier, who was created first baronet on 5 March 1707 by Queen Anne, and his wife, Hester Dodd (c.1684–1781). The snobbish ...

Article

Hamilton, William Richard (1777–1859), antiquary and diplomatist  

R. E. Anderson

revised by R. A. Jones

Hamilton, William Richard (1777–1859), antiquary and diplomatist, born in London on 9 January 1777, was the son of Anthony Hamilton (1739–1812), archdeacon of Colchester, and Anne, daughter of Richard Terrick, bishop of London. The family were descended from the Hamiltons of Wishaw, Lanarkshire...