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Ames, William (1576–1633), theologian and university teacher  

Keith L. Sprunger

Ames, William (1576–1633), theologian and university teacher, was born at Ipswich, the son of William Ames, merchant, and his wife, Joane Snelling, also from a Suffolk merchant family. Both of these families were substantial folk. William had one sister, Elizabeth. When the two were quite young, the parents died, and ...

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Cover Ames, William (1576–1633)

Ames, William (1576–1633)  

Maker: William Marshall

In 

William Ames (1576–1633) by William Marshall, pubd 1633 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Arnold, Thomas Kerchever (bap. 1800, d. 1853), educational writer and theologian  

Sidney Lee

revised by M. C. Curthoys

Arnold, Thomas Kerchever (bap. 1800, d. 1853), educational writer and theologian, was born at Stamford, Lincolnshire, where he was baptized on 6 March 1800, the son of Thomas Graham Arnold (1769/70–1855), a doctor of medicine, and his wife, Elizabeth Cotton Thompson (1771–1861...

Article

Arrowsmith, John (1602–1659), college head and theologian  

John Twigg

Arrowsmith, John (1602–1659), college head and theologian, was born on 29 March 1602 in Gateshead; nothing is known of his parents or early life. He entered St John's College, Cambridge, in 1616 and graduated BA in 1620. He proceeded MA in 1623, and in the same year became a fellow of ...

Article

Baro [Baron], Peter (1534–1599), Reformed minister and religious controversialist  

C. S. Knighton

Baro [Baron], Peter (1534–1599), Reformed minister and religious controversialist, was born at Étampes (Seine-et-Oise), France, the son of Étienne Baron and his wife, Philippe Petit; in his autobiographical notes Peter says he was one of many children, first mentioning brothers Jean...

Article

Baylee, Joseph (1807–1883), theological teacher and writer  

Thompson Cooper

revised by M. C. Curthoys

Baylee, Joseph (1807–1883), theological teacher and writer, was born on 23 July 1807, at Limerick, the fifth son of John Tyrrell Baylee (1778–1848), a Quaker schoolmaster, and his wife, Jane (1778–1858), granddaughter of Lord Dunboyne and widow of Henry Bennis...

Article

Benson, Margaret (1865–1916), Egyptologist and religious philosopher  

Jessica Martin

Benson, Margaret (1865–1916), Egyptologist and religious philosopher, was born on 16 June 1865 at Wellington College, Berkshire, the fourth of the six children of Edward White Benson (1829–1896), archbishop of Canterbury (1882–96), and his wife, Mary (1841–1918), daughter of the Revd William Sidgwick...

Article

Blunt, John Henry (1823–1884), ecclesiastical historian and theological writer  

T. F. Tout

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Blunt, John Henry (1823–1884), ecclesiastical historian and theological writer, was born on 25 August 1823 at Chelsea, where he was baptized at St Luke’s on 14 September 1823, the son of Robert Blunt (1792–1870), chemist, of Prospect Place, Chelsea, and his wife, ...

Article

Broughton, Hugh (1549–1612), divine and Hebraist  

G. Lloyd Jones

Broughton, Hugh (1549–1612), divine and Hebraist, was born in Oldbury, Shropshire, the son of Robert Broughton of Broughton, Shropshire. He referred to himself as of Welsh descent but nothing more certain is known. He received his early education from Bernard Gilpin, who prepared him for university and sent him to ...

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Cover Broughton, Hugh (1549–1612)

Broughton, Hugh (1549–1612)  

Maker: John Payne

In 

Hugh Broughton (1549–1612) by John Payne, 1620 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bury, Arthur (1623/4–1713), college head and writer on theology  

Jim Benedict

Bury, Arthur (1623/4–1713), college head and writer on theology, was probably born at Sidbury, Devon, the son of John Bury (1580–1667), the vicar there, and his wife, Agnes (d. 1644). He matriculated at Exeter College, Oxford, on 5 April 1639, aged fifteen, graduated BA on 29 November 1642, and became fellow the following year. Deprived of his fellowship by the parliamentary visitors in 1648, he went to live with his father in ...

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Cover Butler, Joseph (1692–1752)

Butler, Joseph (1692–1752)  

Maker: Mr Taylor of Durham

In 

Joseph Butler (1692–1752) by Mr Taylor of Durham, 1750–52 by kind permission of the Lord Bishop of Durham and the Church Commissioners of England. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Article

Butler, Joseph (1692–1752), moral philosopher and theologian  

Christopher Cunliffe

Butler, Joseph (1692–1752), moral philosopher and theologian, was born on 18 May 1692 in Wantage, Berkshire. He was the youngest among the eight children of Thomas Butler (d. 1731), variously described as a prominent cloth merchant or linen draper in the town and as '...

Article

Casaubon, (Florence Estienne) Meric (1599–1671), scholar and divine  

R. W. Serjeantson

Casaubon, (Florence Estienne) Meric (1599–1671), scholar and divine, was born on 14 August 1599 in Geneva, the tenth of the seventeen children of Isaac Casaubon (1559–1614), classical scholar and church historian, and his second wife, Florence (1568?–1636), daughter of Henri Estienne. Meric was the most scholarly of ...

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Cover Casaubon, (Florence Estienne) Meric (1599–1671)

Casaubon, (Florence Estienne) Meric (1599–1671)  

Maker: Pieter Stevens van Gunst

In 

(Florence Estienne) Meric Casaubon (1599–1671) by Pieter Stevens van Gunst, pubd 1709 (after Adriaen van der Werff) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Chapman, John (bap. 1705, d. 1784), theologian and classical scholar  

John Westby-Gibson

revised by M. J. Mercer

Chapman, John (bap. 1705, d. 1784), theologian and classical scholar, was born at Wareham and baptized there on 7 November 1705 at Holy Trinity Church, the son of the Revd William Chapman, curate of Wareham and later rector of Strathfieldsay, Hampshire, and his wife, ...

Article

Churton, Edward (1800–1874), theologian and Spanish scholar  

G. Martin Murphy

Churton, Edward (1800–1874), theologian and Spanish scholar, was born on 10 February 1800 at Middleton Cheney, Northamptonshire, the second son of Ralph Churton (1754–1831), archdeacon of St David's, and his wife, Mary (1770–1829), the daughter of Richard Calcot, of Steane, Northamptonshire. William Churton...

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Cover Clarke, Samuel (1675–1729)

Clarke, Samuel (1675–1729)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Samuel Clarke (1675–1729) by unknown artist, c. 1720 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Clarke, Samuel (1675–1729), theologian and philosopher  

John Gascoigne

Clarke, Samuel (1675–1729), theologian and philosopher, was born on 11 October 1675 at Norwich, the son of Edward Clarke, cloth manufacturer and MP, and Hannah, daughter of Samuel Parmenter, a merchant of Norwich.

Article

Creed, John Martin (1889–1940), Church of England clergyman and theologian  

J. S. B. Smith

revised by Gerald Law

Creed, John Martin (1889–1940), Church of England clergyman and theologian, was born in All Saints' parish, Leicester, on 14 October 1889, the eldest son of Colin John Creed, vicar of All Saints' Church, and his wife, Etheldreda Wright, daughter of Frederick Robert Spackman...