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Abercromby, David (d. 1701?), physician and philosopher  

Paul Tomassi

Abercromby, David (d. 1701?), physician and philosopher, most probably belonged to the Abercrombys of Seaton in the north-east of Scotland where he is believed to have been born. It is not known if Abercromby married or had children, although what survives of his biography makes marriage unlikely. Nothing is known of his parentage....

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Adams [formerly Adam], Francis (1796–1861), physician and classical scholar  

Vivian Nutton

Adams [formerly Adam], Francis (1796–1861), physician and classical scholar, was born on 13 March 1796 at Auchinhove, Lumphanan, Aberdeenshire, the son of James Adam, a small farmer and builder, and his wife, Elspet Black. He was educated at the parish school, winning a bursary to ...

Article

Alexander, Frederick Matthias (1869–1955), originator of the Alexander technique and teacher  

Malcolm Williamson

Alexander, Frederick Matthias (1869–1955), originator of the Alexander technique and teacher, was born on 20 January 1869 at Wynyard, north-west Tasmania, the eldest of seven children of John Alexander (1843–1936), farmer and blacksmith, and his wife, Betsy Brown (d. 1923), a nurse....

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Cover Alexander, Frederick Matthias (1869–1955)

Alexander, Frederick Matthias (1869–1955)  

Maker: Anthony Ludovici

In 

Frederick Matthias Alexander (1869–1955) by Anthony Ludovici, 1926 © Anthony Ludovici

Image

Cover Altschul, Annie Therese (1919–2001)

Altschul, Annie Therese (1919–2001)  

Maker: unknown

In 

Annie Altschul (1919–2001), by unknown photographer

Royal College of Nursing

Article

Altschul, Annie Therese (1919–2001), psychiatric nurse and teacher  

Peter Nolan

Altschul, Annie Therese (1919–2001), psychiatric nurse and teacher, was born into a middle-class Jewish family in Vienna on 18 February 1919, the daughter of Ludwig Altschul and his wife Marie. Despite the early death of her father, she enjoyed an idyllic childhood, which was enriched by her close family and the access she had to a diverse range of cultural activities. Her mother encouraged interest in the arts, sciences, and humanities, but ultimately it was mathematics that she chose for her undergraduate studies at the ...

Article

Anderson, Sir Hugh Kerr (1865–1928), physiologist and university administrator  

J. F. Cameron

revised by Rachel E. Davies

Anderson, Sir Hugh Kerr (1865–1928), physiologist and university administrator, was born at Frognal Park, Hampstead, on 6 July 1865. His great-grandfather was a surgeon in the Royal Navy; his grandfather was a doctor at Peterhead, who died young, leaving a family. The second son, ...

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See Edinburgh Seven

Article

Anderson, William (1842–1900), anatomist and writer on art  

Thomas Seccombe

revised by Mark Pottle

Anderson, William (1842–1900), anatomist and writer on art, was born on 18 December 1842 in London at the Eldon Arms, Queen Square, the son of William Henry Anderson, licensed victualler, and his wife, Ann, formerly Cattel. After attending the City of London School...

Article

Argentine, John (c. 1443–1508), physician and college head  

Peter Murray Jones

Argentine, John (c. 1443–1508), physician and college head, was the most eminent of the first generation of Italian-trained doctors to return to a medical and academic career in England. He was born at Bottisham in Cambridgeshire, into a well-connected family; he entered Eton College...

Article

Askew, Anthony (bap. 1722, d. 1774), physician and book collector  

M. J. Mercer

Askew, Anthony (bap. 1722, d. 1774), physician and book collector, was born in Kendal, Westmorland, where he was baptized on 7 May 1722, the son of Adam Askew, physician, and his wife, Anne Crackenthorp. In 1725 his family moved to Newcastle, where his father established a well-respected practice. ...

Article

Atkinson, James (1759–1839), surgeon and bibliographer  

H. R. Tedder

revised by Michael Bevan

Atkinson, James (1759–1839), surgeon and bibliographer, the son of a medical practitioner and friend of Laurence Sterne, received his medical education as a pupil of Henry Cline of St Thomas's Hospital, London, and attended the lectures of Thomas Denman, physician-accoucheur to the Middlesex Hospital...

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Cover Atkinson, James (1759–1839)

Atkinson, James (1759–1839)  

Maker: William Etty

In 

James Atkinson (1759–1839) by William Etty, 1832 York Museums Trust (York Art Gallery)

Article

Babington, Benjamin Guy (1794–1866), physician and orientalist  

J. F. Payne

revised by Michael Bevan

Babington, Benjamin Guy (1794–1866), physician and orientalist, the fourth son of the physician and mineralogist William Babington (1756–1833) and his wife, Martha Elizabeth Babington, was born on 5 March 1794 in Guy's Hospital when his father was resident apothecary there. Educated at Charterhouse School...

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Badham, Charles (1780–1845), physician and classical scholar  

Thompson Cooper

revised by Patrick Wallis

Badham, Charles (1780–1845), physician and classical scholar, was born in London on 17 April 1780, the son of David Badham (bap. 1744, d. 1805) and his wife, Mary Hall (d. 1835). After receiving a sound classical education he entered ...

Article

Balfour, Francis (1744?–1818), surgeon and orientalist  

Sidney Lee

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Balfour, Francis (1744?–1818), surgeon and orientalist, was born in Edinburgh, the youngest of three sons of Arthur Balfour (1687–1746) of Fernie, Fife. He studied medicine in Edinburgh, graduating MD in 1767 with a dissertation De gonorrhoea virulenta. He entered the East India Company's...

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Bannister, Sir Roger Gilbert (1929–2018), athlete, neurologist, and college head  

Mel Watman and Alan Craft

Bannister, Sir Roger Gilbert (1929–2018), athlete, neurologist, and college head, was born on 23 March 1929 at Millbrook, Sumner Road, Harrow, Middlesex, the younger child and only son of Ralph Bannister (1894–1971), a civil servant then serving as a technical officer in the ...

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Cover Bannister, Sir Roger Gilbert (1929–2018)

Bannister, Sir Roger Gilbert (1929–2018)  

Maker: Bettmann

In 

Roger Bannister (1929–2018), by Bettmann, 1954

Getty Images

Article

Barham, Thomas Foster (1794–1869), physician and classical scholar  

R. K. Webb

Barham, Thomas Foster (1794–1869), physician and classical scholar, was born at Hendon, Middlesex, on 10 September 1794, the eldest son of six children born to Thomas Foster Barham (1766–1844) and his wife, Mary Ann Morton. Among his brothers, William Foster Barham (1802–1845) was a writer, ...

Article

Barling, Sir (Harry) Gilbert, baronet (1855–1940), surgeon and academic administrator  

L. G. Parsons

revised by Jeffrey S. Reznick

Barling, Sir (Harry) Gilbert, baronet (1855–1940), surgeon and academic administrator, the fourth son of William Barling (d. 1896), farmer and veterinary surgeon, of Newnham-on-Severn, Gloucestershire, and his wife, Eliza Sharpe, was born at Newnham-on-Severn on 30 April 1855. Barling was educated at a boarding-school at ...