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Adams, William Edwin [pseuds. Caractacus, Ironside, Uncle Toby] (1832–1906), radical and journalist  

Owen R. Ashton

Adams, William Edwin [pseuds. Caractacus, Ironside, Uncle Toby] (1832–1906), radical and journalist, was born in humble circumstances in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, on 11 February 1832, the son of John Adams, a tramping plasterer, and his wife, Sarah, née Wells. He was raised by his widowed maternal grandmother, ...

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Cover Aitken, William Maxwell, first Baron Beaverbrook (1879–1964)

Aitken, William Maxwell, first Baron Beaverbrook (1879–1964)  

Maker: Walter Sickert

William Maxwell Aitken, first Baron Beaverbrook (1879–1964) by Walter Sickert, 1935 © The Beaverbrook Foundation; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Aitken, William Maxwell [Max], first Baron Beaverbrook (1879–1964), newspaper proprietor and politician  

D. George Boyce

Aitken, William Maxwell [Max], first Baron Beaverbrook (1879–1964), newspaper proprietor and politician, was born on 25 May 1879 at the manse, Vaughan, Maple, Ontario, Canada. He was the third son and fifth member of a family of ten children, whose father, ...

Article

Amery, Leopold Charles Maurice Stennett (1873–1955), politician and journalist  

Deborah Lavin

Amery, Leopold Charles Maurice Stennett (1873–1955), politician and journalist, was born on 22 November 1873 at Gorakhpur in the North-Western Provinces of India, the eldest of the three sons of Charles Frederick Amery (1833–1901), of Lustleigh in Devon, an official in the Indian ...

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Cover Amery, Leopold Charles Maurice Stennett (1873–1955)

Amery, Leopold Charles Maurice Stennett (1873–1955)  

Maker: Sir James Gunn

Leopold Charles Maurice Stennett Amery (1873–1955) by Sir James Gunn, 1942 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Anglin, Timothy Warren (1822–1896), journalist and politician in Canada  

William M. Baker

Anglin, Timothy Warren (1822–1896), journalist and politician in Canada, was born on 31 August 1822 in Myrtle Grove, Clonakilty, co. Cork, Ireland, the son of Francis Anglin (d. 1875), a landowner and an employee of the East India Company, and Anne (or Joanna) Warren (...

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Cover Anson, Elizabeth, Lady Anson (1725–1760)

Anson, Elizabeth, Lady Anson (1725–1760)  

Maker: Thomas Hudson

In 

Elizabeth Anson, Lady Anson (1725–1760) studio of Thomas Hudson National Trust Photographic Library / John Hammond

Article

Anson [née Yorke], Elizabeth, Lady Anson (1725–1760), political correspondent and political manager  

E. H. Chalus

Anson [née Yorke], Elizabeth, Lady Anson (1725–1760), political correspondent and political manager, was born in August 1725, the sixth child and eldest daughter of Philip Yorke, subsequently first Baron and first earl of Hardwicke (1690–1764), lord chancellor, and his wife, Margaret Lygon (...

Article

Arnold, Ethel Margaret (bap. 1865–1930), journalist, author, and lecturer on female suffrage  

Anne M. Sebba

Arnold, Ethel Margaret (bap. 1865–1930), journalist, author, and lecturer on female suffrage, was born at Harborne, Staffordshire. No birth certificate has been found. She was baptized at Chaddesley Corbet, Worcestershire, on 26 May 1865, the fourth daughter of Thomas Arnold (1823–1900), teacher and English scholar, and his wife, ...

Article

Astor, Waldorf, second Viscount Astor (1879–1952), politician and newspaper proprietor  

R. J. Q. Adams

Astor, Waldorf, second Viscount Astor (1879–1952), politician and newspaper proprietor, was born in New York city on 19 May 1879, the elder son in the family of two sons and one daughter of William Waldorf Astor (1848–1919) and his wife, Mary (Mamie) Dahlgren Paul (...

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Cover Astor, Waldorf, second Viscount Astor (1879–1952)

Astor, Waldorf, second Viscount Astor (1879–1952)  

Maker: Philip A. de Laszlo

In 

Waldorf Astor, second Viscount Astor (1879–1952) by Philip A. de Laszlo The de László Foundation / Witt Library, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Article

Azikiwe, Nnamdi [known as Zik] (1904–1996), journalist and president of Nigeria  

Ashley Jackson

Azikiwe, Nnamdi [known as Zik] (1904–1996), journalist and president of Nigeria, was born in Zungeru, Northern Nigeria, on 16 November 1904, the son of Obed-Edom Chukwuemeka Azikiwe (c.1854–1958), a civil servant attached to the Nigeria regiment of the Royal West African Frontier Force...

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Cover Azikiwe, Nnamdi [Zik] (1904–1996)

Azikiwe, Nnamdi [Zik] (1904–1996)  

Maker: A. Harris

In 

Nnamdi Azikiwe [Zik] (1904–1996) by A. Harris © News International Newspapers Ltd

Article

Bagehot, Walter (1826–1877), political commentator, economist, and journalist  

Joseph Hamburger

Bagehot, Walter (1826–1877), political commentator, economist, and journalist, was born on 3 February 1826 at Langport, Somerset, the second son of Thomas Watson Bagehot (1795–1881), banker, and Edith Stuckey (1786–1870), a niece of Samuel Stuckey, founder in 1772 of Stuckey's Bank, which issued its own banknotes and enjoyed considerable prominence and respect in the west country. The first born, ...

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Cover Bagehot, Walter (1826–1877)

Bagehot, Walter (1826–1877)  

Maker: Norman Hirst

In 

Walter Bagehot (1826–1877) by Norman Hirst, pubd 1891 (after Adolphe Beau, 1864) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cover Baines, Edward (1774–1848)

Baines, Edward (1774–1848)  

Maker: John Cochran

In 

Edward Baines (1774–1848) by John Cochran, pubd 1834 (after Thomas Hargreaves) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Baines, Edward (1774–1848), newspaper proprietor, politician, and historian  

Alan G. Crosby

Baines, Edward (1774–1848), newspaper proprietor, politician, and historian, was born at Walton-le-Dale, near Preston, Lancashire, on 5 February 1774, the second son of Richard Baines (d. 1811) and his wife, Jane (née Chew). Richard Baines, who was born near Ripon and came from a farming family, had moved to ...

Article

Baines, Sir Edward (1800–1890), journalist, politician, and educationist  

J. R. Lowerson

Baines, Sir Edward (1800–1890), journalist, politician, and educationist, was born in Leeds on 28 May 1800, the second son of Edward Baines (1774–1848), editor of the Leeds Mercury, and his wife, Charlotte, daughter of Matthew Talbot, a Leeds currier. Matthew Talbot Baines and ...

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Balfour, Honor Catherine Mary (1912–2001), politician and journalist  

Mark Pottle

Balfour, Honor Catherine Mary (1912–2001), politician and journalist, was born on 4 August 1912 at 70 Pemberton Road, West Derby, Liverpool, the daughter of Robert Balfour, a foreign agent's managing clerk, and his wife, Sara Ellen, née Jenkins. Her father came from a family of Scottish seafarers and was unrelated to the political family bearing the same name. He served in the army during the First World War and was killed in ...

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Ballance, John (1839–1893), newspaper proprietor and premier of New Zealand  

Tim McIvor

Ballance, John (1839–1893), newspaper proprietor and premier of New Zealand, was born on 27 March 1839 at Ballypitmave, near Glenavy, co. Antrim, Ireland, the eldest of the eleven children of Samuel Ballance (1800–1879), a tenant farmer, and his wife, Mary McNiece, the daughter of ...