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Atkinson, Mabel (1876–1958), feminist and socialist  

Sue Innes

Atkinson, Mabel (1876–1958), feminist and socialist, was born on 22 May 1876 at Ridley Mill, Broomley, near Stocksfield, in rural Northumberland. She was the daughter of John Boland Atkinson, inspector of mines, and his wife, Jane, née Elliott (b. 1853), feminist and militant suffragette; she had four brothers and one sister. Her parents were, as she later said, progressive and sympathetic on female education and employment. As a young woman, however, she chafed against restrictive middle-class Victorian behaviour and dress; she considered the bicycle '...

Article

Auld [née Jardine; other married name Marshall], Mary (1893–1984), local politician and women's organizer  

Catriona Burness

Auld [née Jardine; other married name Marshall], Mary (1893–1984), local politician and women's organizer, was born on 8 July 1893 in Main Street, Lockerbie, Dumfriesshire, the fourth child of seven born to Francis Jardine, clog maker, and his wife, Agnes Wallace. She attended ...

Article

Barrett, Rosa Mary (1855–1936), social reformer and feminist  

Sybil Oldfield

Barrett, Rosa Mary (1855–1936), social reformer and feminist, was born in Jamaica, the youngest of the four surviving children of William Garland Barrett (1812–1865), Congregational minister and sometime missionary to Jamaica, and his wife, Martha, née Fletcher (1811?–1893). One brother was the leading Congregationalist ...

Article

Browne, (Frances Worsley) Stella (1880–1955), feminist and abortion law reformer  

Lesley A. Hall

Browne, (Frances Worsley) Stella (1880–1955), feminist and abortion law reformer, was born at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, on 9 May 1880, elder daughter of Daniel Marshall Browne RN (1843–1883) and his second wife, Anna Dulcibella Mary Dodwell (1848–1919). Her father drowned on duty with the ...

Article

Cousins [née Gillespie], Margaret Elizabeth (1878–1954), social reformer and women's activist  

Barbara N. Ramusack

Cousins [née Gillespie], Margaret Elizabeth (1878–1954), social reformer and women's activist, was born on 7 November 1878 at Boyle, co. Roscommon, Ireland, the first child of Margaret Shera and her husband, Joseph Gillespie (d. 1930). Her father was the clerk of petty sessions in the ...

Article

Eckenstein, Lina Dorina Johanna (1857–1931), feminist polymath and cultural historian  

Sybil Oldfield

Eckenstein, Lina Dorina Johanna (1857–1931), feminist polymath and cultural historian, was born on 23 September 1857 at 17 St George's Villas, Islington, London, the daughter of Frederick Gottlieb Eckenstein (1820/21–1891), a German businessman, and his wife, Julie Amalie Antonia Helmke (1830/31–1921). One of six children, her younger brother was the mountaineer ...

Article

Gough [married names Miller, Aberle], (Eleanor) Kathleen (1925–1990), social anthropologist and feminist  

Ronald Frankenberg

Gough [married names Miller, Aberle], (Eleanor) Kathleen (1925–1990), social anthropologist and feminist, was born on 16 August 1925 at Hunsingore, near Wetherby, Yorkshire, daughter and youngest child of Albert Gough (1888–1970) and his second wife, Eleanor, née Umpleby (1892–1965), a devout Methodist who sang and recited in local chapels. Her father became village blacksmith in 1914 and played a major role in introducing combines to ...

Image

Cover Hubback, Eva Marian (1886–1949)

Hubback, Eva Marian (1886–1949)  

Maker: Robin Adler

Eva Marian Hubback (1886–1949) by Robin Adler © Robin Adler; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Hubback [née Spielman], Eva Marian (1886–1949), social reformer and feminist  

Gillian Sutherland

revised

Hubback [née Spielman], Eva Marian (1886–1949), social reformer and feminist, was born at 23 Oxford Square, London, on 13 April 1886, the second child and elder daughter in the family of two daughters and two sons of Sir Meyer Adam Spielman (1856–1936)...

Article

Keyzer [née Mitchell], Isabella [Bella] (1922–1992), textile and shipyard worker, and women's activist  

Graham R. Smith

Keyzer [née Mitchell], Isabella [Bella] (1922–1992), textile and shipyard worker, and women's activist, was born on 29 August 1922 at 3 Blinshall Street, Dundee, the youngest of three children of Thomas Mitchell (c.1880–c.1949), a baker, and his second wife, ...

Article

Lanchester, Edith (1871–1966), socialist and feminist  

David Rubinstein

Lanchester, Edith (1871–1966), socialist and feminist, was born at 1 St John's Terrace, Hove, Sussex, on 28 July 1871, the fifth child in the family of eight children of Henry Jones Lanchester (1834–1914), an architect, and his wife, Octavia Ward (1834–1916). Her brother ...

Article

Sheepshanks, Mary Ryott (1872–1960), educationist, feminist, and internationalist  

Sybil Oldfield

Sheepshanks, Mary Ryott (1872–1960), educationist, feminist, and internationalist, was born on 25 October 1872 at Bilton vicarage, near Harrogate, Yorkshire, the second of the thirteen surviving children of John Sheepshanks (1834–1912), later bishop of Norwich, and his wife, Margaret Ryott (1852–1943), a descendant of ...

Article

Vaughan, Dame Helen Charlotte Isabella Gwynne- [née Helen Charlotte Isabella Fraser] (1879–1967), mycologist and women's activist  

Mary R. S. Creese

Vaughan, Dame Helen Charlotte Isabella Gwynne- [née Helen Charlotte Isabella Fraser] (1879–1967), mycologist and women's activist, was born on 21 January 1879, at Chapel Street, Westminster, London, the elder daughter of Captain Arthur H. Fraser (1852–1884), Scots Guards, and his wife, Lucy Jane (1855/6–1939)...

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Cover Vaughan, Dame Helen Charlotte Isabella Gwynne- (1879–1967)

Vaughan, Dame Helen Charlotte Isabella Gwynne- (1879–1967)  

Maker: Lafayette

In 

Dame Helen Charlotte Isabella Gwynne- Vaughan (1879–1967) by Lafayette, 1929 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Weaver, Gertrude Baillie- [née Gertrude Renton; pseud. Gertrude Colmore] (1855–1926), writer and feminist  

Hilda Kean

Weaver, Gertrude Baillie- [née Gertrude Renton; pseud. Gertrude Colmore] (1855–1926), writer and feminist, was born on 8 June 1855 at 5 Upper Lansdowne Terrace, Kensington, the sixth daughter of John Thomson Renton, stockbroker, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Leishman. Having been privately educated in ...

Article

Witcop, Rose Lillian [formerly Rachel Vitkopski] (1890–1932), anarchist and feminist  

Nicolas Walter

Witcop, Rose Lillian [formerly Rachel Vitkopski] (1890–1932), anarchist and feminist, was born on 9 April 1890 near Kiev, Ukraine, the youngest daughter of Simon Witcop (Shimon Vitkopski), and his wife, Freda Grill. In 1895 her Jewish family left Russia...