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Anstey, Rhoda (1865–1936), promoter of women's physical education  

Gill Clarke and Ida M. Webb

Anstey, Rhoda (1865–1936), promoter of women's physical education, was born at Jurishayes Farm near Tiverton, Devon, on 15 April 1865, the seventh of nine children and second daughter of John Walters Anstey, a yeoman farmer, and his wife, Susanna Elizabeth, née Manley. She was a natural countrywoman with a great love of the county of her birth; in 1891 she was managing the dairy on the family farm. Little else is known of her early life before she attended ...

Article

Ashurst, Elizabeth Ann [Eliza] (c. 1814–1850), translator and campaigner for women's rights and against slavery  

Jonathan Spain

Ashurst, Elizabeth Ann [Eliza] (c. 1814–1850), translator and campaigner for women's rights and against slavery, was born in Muswell Hill, Middlesex, the eldest child of William Henry Ashurst (bap. 1791?, d. 1855), of Muswell Hill, and his wife, Elizabeth Ann, née Brown (...

Article

Atkinson, Mabel (1876–1958), feminist and socialist  

Sue Innes

Atkinson, Mabel (1876–1958), feminist and socialist, was born on 22 May 1876 at Ridley Mill, Broomley, near Stocksfield, in rural Northumberland. She was the daughter of John Boland Atkinson, inspector of mines, and his wife, Jane, née Elliott (b. 1853), feminist and militant suffragette; she had four brothers and one sister. Her parents were, as she later said, progressive and sympathetic on female education and employment. As a young woman, however, she chafed against restrictive middle-class Victorian behaviour and dress; she considered the bicycle '...

Article

Auld [née Jardine; other married name Marshall], Mary (1893–1984), local politician and women's organizer  

Catriona Burness

Auld [née Jardine; other married name Marshall], Mary (1893–1984), local politician and women's organizer, was born on 8 July 1893 in Main Street, Lockerbie, Dumfriesshire, the fourth child of seven born to Francis Jardine, clog maker, and his wife, Agnes Wallace. She attended ...

Article

Barrett, Rosa Mary (1855–1936), social reformer and feminist  

Sybil Oldfield

Barrett, Rosa Mary (1855–1936), social reformer and feminist, was born in Jamaica, the youngest of the four surviving children of William Garland Barrett (1812–1865), Congregational minister and sometime missionary to Jamaica, and his wife, Martha, née Fletcher (1811?–1893). One brother was the leading Congregationalist ...

Article

Bonwick, Theodora Ellen (1876–1928), educationist and women's rights activist  

Hilda Kean

Bonwick, Theodora Ellen (1876–1928), educationist and women's rights activist, was born on 27 December 1876 at 60 Coningham Road, Shepherd's Bush, London, the daughter of William Priessnitz Bonwick, a schoolteacher, and his wife, Sarah, formerly Beddow, an executive member of the Women's Liberal Federation...

Article

Browne, (Frances Worsley) Stella (1880–1955), feminist and abortion law reformer  

Lesley A. Hall

Browne, (Frances Worsley) Stella (1880–1955), feminist and abortion law reformer, was born at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, on 9 May 1880, elder daughter of Daniel Marshall Browne RN (1843–1883) and his second wife, Anna Dulcibella Mary Dodwell (1848–1919). Her father drowned on duty with the ...

Article

Carlile, Elizabeth Sharples (1803–1852), freethought lecturer and advocate of women's rights  

Edward Royle

Carlile, Elizabeth Sharples (1803–1852), freethought lecturer and advocate of women's rights, was one of six children born to Ann and Richard Sharples, a counterpane manufacturer, in Bolton, Lancashire, probably late in 1803. The family was pious and prosperous, the children received a good education, and ...

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Cover Cobbe, Frances Power (1822–1904)

Cobbe, Frances Power (1822–1904)  

Maker: Florence Graham

Frances Power Cobbe (1822–1904) by Florence Graham, 1897 © reserved; Cobbe Collection Trust

Article

Cobbe, Frances Power (1822–1904), writer and campaigner for women's rights  

Barbara Caine

Cobbe, Frances Power (1822–1904), writer and campaigner for women's rights, was born in Dublin on 4 December 1822. She was the fifth child and only daughter of Charles Cobbe (1781–1857), a landowner, of Newbridge House, co. Dublin, and his wife, Frances Conway (1777–1847)...

Article

Cousins [née Gillespie], Margaret Elizabeth (1878–1954), social reformer and women's activist  

Barbara N. Ramusack

Cousins [née Gillespie], Margaret Elizabeth (1878–1954), social reformer and women's activist, was born on 7 November 1878 at Boyle, co. Roscommon, Ireland, the first child of Margaret Shera and her husband, Joseph Gillespie (d. 1930). Her father was the clerk of petty sessions in the ...

Article

Eckenstein, Lina Dorina Johanna (1857–1931), feminist polymath and cultural historian  

Sybil Oldfield

Eckenstein, Lina Dorina Johanna (1857–1931), feminist polymath and cultural historian, was born on 23 September 1857 at 17 St George's Villas, Islington, London, the daughter of Frederick Gottlieb Eckenstein (1820/21–1891), a German businessman, and his wife, Julie Amalie Antonia Helmke (1830/31–1921). One of six children, her younger brother was the mountaineer ...

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Cover Elmy, Elizabeth Clarke Wolstenholme (1833–1918)

Elmy, Elizabeth Clarke Wolstenholme (1833–1918)  

Maker: A. & G. Taylor

In 

Elizabeth Clarke Wolstenholme Elmy (1833–1918) by A. & G. Taylor, c. 1907 Mary Evans / The Women's Library

Article

Elmy, Elizabeth Clarke Wolstenholme (1833–1918), campaigner for women's rights  

Sandra Stanley Holton

Elmy, Elizabeth Clarke Wolstenholme (1833–1918), campaigner for women's rights, was born on 30 November 1833, at Cheetham Hill, Manchester, Lancashire, daughter of Joseph Wolstenholme (1804/5–1845), a Methodist minister, and his first wife, Elizabeth Clarke (1803/4–1833), the daughter of a cotton spinner; ...

Article

Gough [married names Miller, Aberle], (Eleanor) Kathleen (1925–1990), social anthropologist and feminist  

Ronald Frankenberg

Gough [married names Miller, Aberle], (Eleanor) Kathleen (1925–1990), social anthropologist and feminist, was born on 16 August 1925 at Hunsingore, near Wetherby, Yorkshire, daughter and youngest child of Albert Gough (1888–1970) and his second wife, Eleanor, née Umpleby (1892–1965), a devout Methodist who sang and recited in local chapels. Her father became village blacksmith in 1914 and played a major role in introducing combines to ...

Image

Cover Hubback, Eva Marian (1886–1949)

Hubback, Eva Marian (1886–1949)  

Maker: Robin Adler

Eva Marian Hubback (1886–1949) by Robin Adler © Robin Adler; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Hubback [née Spielman], Eva Marian (1886–1949), social reformer and feminist  

Gillian Sutherland

revised

Hubback [née Spielman], Eva Marian (1886–1949), social reformer and feminist, was born at 23 Oxford Square, London, on 13 April 1886, the second child and elder daughter in the family of two daughters and two sons of Sir Meyer Adam Spielman (1856–1936)...

Article

Jackson, Daphne Frances (1936–1991), physicist and champion of women in science and engineering  

R. C. Johnson and E. A. Johnson

Jackson, Daphne Frances (1936–1991), physicist and champion of women in science and engineering, was born on 23 September 1936 at 34 Willesden Avenue, Peterborough, the only daughter and second child of Albert Henry Jackson (1893–1951), an engineering fitter and turner, and Frances Ethel, formerly Elliott (1897–1985)...

Article

Keyzer [née Mitchell], Isabella [Bella] (1922–1992), textile and shipyard worker, and women's activist  

Graham R. Smith

Keyzer [née Mitchell], Isabella [Bella] (1922–1992), textile and shipyard worker, and women's activist, was born on 29 August 1922 at 3 Blinshall Street, Dundee, the youngest of three children of Thomas Mitchell (c.1880–c.1949), a baker, and his second wife, ...

Article

Lanchester, Edith (1871–1966), socialist and feminist  

David Rubinstein

Lanchester, Edith (1871–1966), socialist and feminist, was born at 1 St John's Terrace, Hove, Sussex, on 28 July 1871, the fifth child in the family of eight children of Henry Jones Lanchester (1834–1914), an architect, and his wife, Octavia Ward (1834–1916). Her brother ...