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Barrett, Rosa Mary (1855–1936), social reformer and feminist  

Sybil Oldfield

Barrett, Rosa Mary (1855–1936), social reformer and feminist, was born in Jamaica, the youngest of the four surviving children of William Garland Barrett (1812–1865), Congregational minister and sometime missionary to Jamaica, and his wife, Martha, née Fletcher (1811?–1893). One brother was the leading Congregationalist ...

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Bray, Charles (1811–1884), freethinker and social reformer  

Matthew Lee

Bray, Charles (1811–1884), freethinker and social reformer, was born on 31 January 1811 in Coventry, Warwickshire, where he was baptized at St Michael’s on 22 February 1811, the son of Jonathan Bray (1775/6–1835), a wealthy ribbon manufacturer, and his first wife, Elizabeth. Ill as a child, ...

Article

Chesser, Eustace [formerly Isaac Chesarkie] (1902–1973), psychiatrist and social reformer  

Lesley A. Hall

Chesser, Eustace [formerly Isaac Chesarkie] (1902–1973), psychiatrist and social reformer, was born on 22 March 1902 at 3 Dalkeith Road, Edinburgh, second son of Arthur Chesarkie, a jeweller, and his wife, Rebecca Solomon, whose families had fled Russian pogroms. He was educated at ...

Article

Clapperton, Jane Hume (1832–1914), philosopher and social reformer  

S. M. den Otter

Clapperton, Jane Hume (1832–1914), philosopher and social reformer, was born in the parish of St Cuthbert's in Edinburgh to Alexander Clapperton (d. 1849) and Anne Clapperton, née Hume (d. 1872), on 22 September 1832. She was the tenth of twelve children. Her father was a successful merchant, who owned businesses in ...

Article

Conway, Moncure Daniel (1832–1907), social reformer and ethical preacher  

John d'Entremont

Conway, Moncure Daniel (1832–1907), social reformer and ethical preacher, was born on 17 March 1832 at Middleton plantation, Stafford county, Virginia, the second of the six children of Walker Peyton Conway (1805–1884), a slave-owning planter, attorney, and judge, and his wife, Margaret (1807–1891)...

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Cover Conway, Moncure Daniel (1832–1907)

Conway, Moncure Daniel (1832–1907)  

Maker: Debenham & Gabell

In 

Moncure Daniel Conway (1832–1907) by Debenham & Gabell © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Cousins [née Gillespie], Margaret Elizabeth (1878–1954), social reformer and women's activist  

Barbara N. Ramusack

Cousins [née Gillespie], Margaret Elizabeth (1878–1954), social reformer and women's activist, was born on 7 November 1878 at Boyle, co. Roscommon, Ireland, the first child of Margaret Shera and her husband, Joseph Gillespie (d. 1930). Her father was the clerk of petty sessions in the ...

Article

Herzen, Alexander [Aleksandr Ivanovich Gertsen] (1812–1870), radical publicist  

Patrick Waddington

Herzen, Alexander [Aleksandr Ivanovich Gertsen] (1812–1870), radical publicist, was born at what is now 25 Tverskoy bulvar, Moscow, on 25 March 1812 os (6 April 1812 ns), the illegitimate son of the rich nobleman Ivan Alekseyevich Yakovlev (1767–1846) and his young German consort, ...

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Cover Hubback, Eva Marian (1886–1949)

Hubback, Eva Marian (1886–1949)  

Maker: Robin Adler

Eva Marian Hubback (1886–1949) by Robin Adler © Robin Adler; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Hubback [née Spielman], Eva Marian (1886–1949), social reformer and feminist  

Gillian Sutherland

revised

Hubback [née Spielman], Eva Marian (1886–1949), social reformer and feminist, was born at 23 Oxford Square, London, on 13 April 1886, the second child and elder daughter in the family of two daughters and two sons of Sir Meyer Adam Spielman (1856–1936)...

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Jones, Robert Huws [Robin] (1909–2001), social scientist and social reformer  

Terry Philpot

Jones, Robert Huws [Robin] (1909–2001), social scientist and social reformer, was born at Claremont, Corwen, Merioneth, on 1 May 1909, the only son of Edward Elias Jones, draper, later woollen salesman, and his wife, Margaret Catherine, née Hughes. He was three when his mother died and his father took him to live in lodgings in ...

Article

Levy, Joseph Hiam (1838–1913), journalist and campaigner for individual rights  

M. J. D. Roberts

Levy, Joseph Hiam (1838–1913), journalist and campaigner for individual rights, was born on 17 July 1838 at 7 Upper East Smithfield, Aldgate, London, son of Lawrence Levy, slop seller, and his wife, Maria Hiam. He was educated at the City of London School...

Article

Manning, (Elizabeth) Adelaide (1828–1905), social reformer  

Gillian Sutherland

Manning, (Elizabeth) Adelaide (1828–1905), social reformer, was the daughter of James Manning (1781–1866), serjeant-at-law, and his first wife, Clarissa (1796–1847), daughter of William Palmer. Adelaide's grandfather, also James Manning, had been a Unitarian minister in Exeter and Unitarian links were perhaps one factor in her enrolment as one of the earliest students at ...

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Cover Mitchison, Naomi Mary Margaret, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999)

Mitchison, Naomi Mary Margaret, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999)  

Maker: Wyndham Lewis

In 

Naomi Mary Margaret Mitchison, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999) by Wyndham Lewis, 1938 © Wyndham Lewis Memorial Trust

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Mitchison [née Haldane], Naomi Mary Margaret, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999), writer and social activist  

Elizabeth Maslen

Mitchison [née Haldane], Naomi Mary Margaret, Lady Mitchison (1897–1999), writer and social activist, was born on 1 November 1897 at 10 Randolph Crescent, Edinburgh, the younger child of John Scott Haldane (1860–1936), physiologist, and his wife, (Louisa) Kathleen (1863–1961), an active suffragist, daughter of ...

Article

Nevinson, Henry Woodd (1856–1941), social activist and journalist  

H. N. Brailsford

revised by Sinéad Agnew

Nevinson, Henry Woodd (1856–1941), social activist and journalist, was born at 5 South Fields Place, Leicester, on 11 October 1856, the second son of George Nevinson, a solicitor, and his wife, Maria Jane, née Woodd, who raised him in a strictly evangelical atmosphere. In 1872 he won a scholarship at ...

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Cover Nevinson, Henry Woodd (1856–1941)

Nevinson, Henry Woodd (1856–1941)  

Maker: Sir William Rothenstein

Henry Woodd Nevinson (1856–1941) by Sir William Rothenstein, 1924 © Estate of Sir William Rothenstein / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cover Shaw, George Bernard (1856–1950)

Shaw, George Bernard (1856–1950)  

Maker: Augustus John

George Bernard Shaw (1856–1950) by Augustus John, 1915 © Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge

Article

Shaw, George Bernard (1856–1950), playwright and polemicist  

Stanley Weintraub

Shaw, George Bernard (1856–1950), playwright and polemicist, was born on 26 July 1856 at 3 Upper Synge Street (later 33 Synge Street), Dublin. He was the third and youngest child, and only son, of George Carr Shaw (1815–1885), a pensioned law-court clerk and failing corn merchant, and ...

Article

See Weaver, Gertrude Baillie- [née Gertrude Renton; pseud. Gertrude Colmore]