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Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan (1910–1995), applied mathematician and astrophysicist, was born on 19 October 1910 in Lahore, India, the eldest of four sons and third of the ten children of C. Subrahmanyan Ayyar (1885–1960), assistant auditor to the Northwest Railways, and his wife, Sitalaksmi (1891–1931)...

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Thomas George Cowling (1906–1990) by Walter Bird © Royal Astronomical Society Library

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Cowling, Thomas George (1906–1990), mathematician and astrophysicist, was born on 17 June 1906 at 3 Harrogate Road, South Hackney, London, the second of the four sons of George Cowling, Post Office engineer, and Edith Eliza Cowling, née Nicholls. Cowling was educated at Sir George Monoux Grammar School, Walthamstow...

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Drever, Ronald William Prest [Ron] (1931–2017), experimental physicist, was born on 26 October 1931, in the family home, Southcroft, in Bishopton, Renfrewshire, the son of George Douglas Drever (1895–1970), a general practitioner and First World War army veteran, born in ...

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Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington (1882–1944) by Elliott & Fry, 1942 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Eddington, Sir Arthur Stanley (1882–1944), theoretical physicist and astrophysicist, was born on 28 December 1882 in Kendal, Westmorland, the second child of Arthur Henry Eddington (d. 1884) and his wife, Sarah Ann Shout of Darlington, whose family was of Dutch origin. Both came from traditional Quaker families. His father, a ...

Article

Herbert Dingle

revised by A. J. Meadows

Fowler, Alfred (1868–1940), astrophysicist, was born at Wilsden, Yorkshire, on 22 March 1868, the eighth and youngest child, and seventh son, of Hiram Fowler and his wife, Eliza Hill. About 1876, after the mill at which his father worked was burned down, the family moved to ...

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Thomas Gold (1920–2004) by unknown photographer, 1968 Cornell University, Office of Visual Services; courtesy of the Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library

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Gold, Thomas [Tommy] (1920–2004), astrophysicist, was born on 22 May 1920 in Vienna, Austria, the son of Max Gold, a wealthy industrialist and a director of Austria's largest mining company, and his wife, Josefine, née Martin, a former child actress. His early childhood was spent in a privileged environment, and it seemed natural that he would follow his father into business. However, the steep economic downturn in ...

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Kahn, Franz Daniel (1926–1998), astrophysicist and mathematician, was born on 13 May 1926 in Nuremberg, Germany, the only son and the younger child of Siegfried Kahn (1894–1967), a company director, and his wife, Grete, née Mann (1896–1980). His parents were German Jews; his father was a successful manufacturer of children's toys. In 1938 the family moved to ...

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McCrea, Sir William Hunter [Bill] (1904–1999), astrophysicist, was born on 13 December 1904 in Dublin, the elder son and eldest child of Robert Hunter McCrea (1877–1956), a schoolmaster, and his wife, Margaret, née Hutton (1879–1962). His parents, of Irish stock, were strict nonconformists, but by the age of eighteen he had become a confirmed Anglican, a faith he retained all his life. By 1907 the family had moved to ...

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Milne, (Edward) Arthur (1896–1950), astrophysicist and cosmologist, was born in Hull on 14 February 1896, the eldest of three sons of Sidney Arthur Milne (1867–1921), a headmaster in Hull, and Edith Cockcroft (1870–1957), a teacher. Both of his brothers became scientists. Arthur Milne...

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Hugh Frank Newall (1857–1944) by Olive Edis, c. 1926 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Newall, Hugh Frank (1857–1944), astrophysicist and educational benefactor, was born at Ferndene, near Gateshead, on 21 June 1857, the youngest of six children of Robert Stirling Newall (1812–1889), engineer, and his wife, Mary, daughter of Hugh Lee Pattinson FRS (1796–1858), metallurgical chemist and astronomer. At the ...

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Pagel, Bernard Ephraim Julius (1930–2007), astrophysicist, was born on 4 January 1930 in Berlin, the only surviving child of Walter Traugott Ulrich Pagel (1898–1983), medical historian and pathologist, and his wife, (Maria) Magdalene E. (Magda), née Koll (1894–1980). His grandfather Julius Leopold Pagel...

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D. S. Kothari

revised by Isobel Falconer

Saha, Meghnad (1893–1956), astrophysicist and nuclear scientist, was born on 6 October 1893 in the village of Seoratali in the district of Dacca, Bengal presidency, India, the fifth child in the family of five sons and three daughters of Jagannath Saha, shopkeeper, and his wife, ...

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Stratton, Frederick John Marrian (1881–1960), astrophysicist, was born on 16 October 1881 in Birmingham, the eighth and youngest child of Stephen Samuel Stratton, professor of music, and his wife, Mary Jane Marrian. He was educated at King Edward's Grammar School, at Mason College...

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Tayler, Roger John (1929–1997), astrophysicist and plasma physicist, was born on 25 October 1929 in Birmingham, the elder child of Richard Henry Tayler (1899–1963), a commercial traveller, and his wife, Frances Florence Bessie, née Redrup (1901–1979), an elementary school teacher. Both Roger and his brother ...