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Bondi, Sir Hermann (1919–2005), applied mathematician and scientific administrator  

Ian Roxburgh

Bondi, Sir Hermann (1919–2005), applied mathematician and scientific administrator, was born on 1 November 1919 in Vienna, Austria, the son of Samuel Bondi (d. 1959), a doctor and heart specialist with a deep interest in science, and his wife, Helene, née Hirsch (...

Article

Hall, Philip (1904–1982), mathematician  

J. E. Roseblade

revised

Hall, Philip (1904–1982), mathematician, was born on 11 April 1904 in Hampstead, the natural son of George Hall and Mary Laura Sayers, dressmaker, of Hampstead, daughter of Joseph Sayers, gardener, of Balcombe. George Hall disappeared from his life soon afterwards and Philip was brought up by his mother. He was educated at ...

Article

Hardy, Godfrey Harold (1877–1947), mathematician  

Béla Bollobás

Hardy, Godfrey Harold (1877–1947), mathematician, was born on 7 February 1877, at Cranleigh, Surrey, the elder of two children of Isaac Hardy (1842–1901), a master at Cranleigh School, and his wife, Sophia Hall (b. 1846). His mathematical talent was evident early: by the time he was two he could write down numbers up to millions, and later in church he amused himself by factorizing the numbers of the hymns. Throughout his life he frequently played about with numbers of taxicabs, railway carriages, and the like. In 1890, after ...

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Cover Hardy, Godfrey Harold (1877–1947)

Hardy, Godfrey Harold (1877–1947)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Godfrey Harold Hardy (1877–1947) by unknown photographer © Royal Society

Article

Jones, William (c. 1675–1749), mathematician  

Ruth Wallis

Jones, William (c. 1675–1749), mathematician, was born about 1675 on the small farm of Y Merddyn, Llanfihangel Tre'r-beirdd, Anglesey. He was the elder son of Siôn Siôr and Elizabeth Rowland; his mother came from Bodwigan, Llanddeusant. The family moved into the parish of ...

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Cover Leslie, Sir John (1766–1832)

Leslie, Sir John (1766–1832)  

Maker: John Henning

In 

Sir John Leslie (1766–1832) by John Henning, c. 1805 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Leslie, Sir John (1766–1832), mathematician and natural philosopher  

Jack Morrell

Leslie, Sir John (1766–1832), mathematician and natural philosopher, was born on 17 April 1766 at Largo, Fife, Scotland, the youngest child of Robert Leslie (d. 1804), a joiner and cabinet-maker, and his wife Anne Carstairs of Largo. Though he attended three local schools for only about a year he learned mathematics at home from his father and elder brother, ...

Article

Levy, Hyman (1889–1975), mathematician and socialist activist  

John Stewart

Levy, Hyman (1889–1975), mathematician and socialist activist, was born on 28 February 1889 in Edinburgh, the second of four sons and third of eight children of Marcus Levy, picture dealer of Edinburgh, and his wife, Minna Cohen. Their Zionist and socialist teachings were a strong formative influence. ...

Article

Penney, William George, Baron Penney (1909–1991), mathematical physicist and public servant  

Brian Cathcart

Penney, William George, Baron Penney (1909–1991), mathematical physicist and public servant, was born at 4E Block, Naval Hospital Road, Gibraltar, on 24 June 1909, the only son and eldest of the three children of William Alfred Penney (b. 1881), sergeant-major in the ...

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Cover Penney, William George, Baron Penney (1909–1991)

Penney, William George, Baron Penney (1909–1991)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

William George Penney, Baron Penney (1909–1991) by unknown photographer Getty Images; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Ramsey, Frank Plumpton (1903–1930), mathematician and philosopher  

D. H. Mellor

Ramsey, Frank Plumpton (1903–1930), mathematician and philosopher, was born on 22 February 1903 at 71 Chesterton Road, Chesterton, Cambridge, the eldest of the two sons and two daughters of Arthur Stanley Ramsey (1867–1954), fellow and later president of Magdalene College, Cambridge, and his wife, ...

Article

Sault, Richard (d. 1702), mathematician and writer  

H. F. Baker

revised by Anita McConnell

Sault, Richard (d. 1702), mathematician and writer, whose origins are obscure, is first heard of in connection with John Dunton's Athenian Gazette, a single half-folio which advertised itself as 'resolving weekly all the most nice and curious Questions propos'd by the Ingenious...

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Cover Turing, Alan Mathison (1912–1954)

Turing, Alan Mathison (1912–1954)  

Maker: Elliott & Fry

Alan Mathison Turing (1912–1954) by Elliott & Fry, 1951 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Turing, Alan Mathison (1912–1954), mathematician and computer scientist  

Andrew Hodges

Turing, Alan Mathison (1912–1954), mathematician and computer scientist, was born on 23 June 1912 at Warrington Lodge, Warrington Avenue, London, the younger child (after his brother, John) of Julius Mathison Turing, of the Indian Civil Service, and Ethel Sara Stoney (1881–1976), daughter of ...

Article

Whitehead, Alfred North (1861–1947), mathematician and philosopher  

E. T. Whittaker

revised by I. Grattan-Guinness

Whitehead, Alfred North (1861–1947), mathematician and philosopher, was born at Ramsgate on 15 February 1861, the last of the four children of the Revd Alfred Whitehead (1827–1898), at that time headmaster of a private school in Ramsgate, and later vicar of St Peter's, Isle of Thanet...

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Cover Whitehead, Alfred North (1861–1947)

Whitehead, Alfred North (1861–1947)  

Maker: Walter Stoneman

In 

Alfred North Whitehead (1861–1947) by Walter Stoneman, 1917 © National Portrait Gallery, London