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Bondi, Sir Hermann (1919–2005), applied mathematician and scientific administrator  

Ian Roxburgh

Bondi, Sir Hermann (1919–2005), applied mathematician and scientific administrator, was born on 1 November 1919 in Vienna, Austria, the son of Samuel Bondi (d. 1959), a doctor and heart specialist with a deep interest in science, and his wife, Helene, née Hirsch (...

Article

Daniels, Henry Ellis (1912–2000), statistician  

D. R. Cox

Daniels, Henry Ellis (1912–2000), statistician, was born on 2 October 1912 in London, the second child of Morris Daniels (1889–1953), a salesman, and his wife, Hannah, née Goldberg (1890–1959). His was a Jewish family of Russian (partly Polish and partly Lithuanian) origin. When he was two the family moved to join the Lithuanian branch in ...

Article

Hall, Philip (1904–1982), mathematician  

J. E. Roseblade

revised

Hall, Philip (1904–1982), mathematician, was born on 11 April 1904 in Hampstead, the natural son of George Hall and Mary Laura Sayers, dressmaker, of Hampstead, daughter of Joseph Sayers, gardener, of Balcombe. George Hall disappeared from his life soon afterwards and Philip was brought up by his mother. He was educated at ...

Article

Hardy, Godfrey Harold (1877–1947), mathematician  

Béla Bollobás

Hardy, Godfrey Harold (1877–1947), mathematician, was born on 7 February 1877, at Cranleigh, Surrey, the elder of two children of Isaac Hardy (1842–1901), a master at Cranleigh School, and his wife, Sophia Hall (b. 1846). His mathematical talent was evident early: by the time he was two he could write down numbers up to millions, and later in church he amused himself by factorizing the numbers of the hymns. Throughout his life he frequently played about with numbers of taxicabs, railway carriages, and the like. In 1890, after ...

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Cover Hardy, Godfrey Harold (1877–1947)

Hardy, Godfrey Harold (1877–1947)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Godfrey Harold Hardy (1877–1947) by unknown photographer © Royal Society

Article

Jones, William (c. 1675–1749), mathematician  

Ruth Wallis

Jones, William (c. 1675–1749), mathematician, was born about 1675 on the small farm of Y Merddyn, Llanfihangel Tre'r-beirdd, Anglesey. He was the elder son of Siôn Siôr and Elizabeth Rowland; his mother came from Bodwigan, Llanddeusant. The family moved into the parish of ...

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Cover Leslie, Sir John (1766–1832)

Leslie, Sir John (1766–1832)  

Maker: John Henning

In 

Sir John Leslie (1766–1832) by John Henning, c. 1805 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Leslie, Sir John (1766–1832), mathematician and natural philosopher  

Jack Morrell

Leslie, Sir John (1766–1832), mathematician and natural philosopher, was born on 17 April 1766 at Largo, Fife, Scotland, the youngest child of Robert Leslie (d. 1804), a joiner and cabinet-maker, and his wife Anne Carstairs of Largo. Though he attended three local schools for only about a year he learned mathematics at home from his father and elder brother, ...

Article

Levy, Hyman (1889–1975), mathematician and socialist activist  

John Stewart

Levy, Hyman (1889–1975), mathematician and socialist activist, was born on 28 February 1889 in Edinburgh, the second of four sons and third of eight children of Marcus Levy, picture dealer of Edinburgh, and his wife, Minna Cohen. Their Zionist and socialist teachings were a strong formative influence. ...

Article

Pearson, Karl [formerly Carl] (1857–1936), statistician and eugenicist  

Joanne Woiak

Pearson, Karl [formerly Carl] (1857–1936), statistician and eugenicist, was born at 14 Albion Road, Holloway Road, Islington, London, on 27 March 1857, the second of three children of William Pearson (d. 1907), a barrister of the Inner Temple, and his wife, ...

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Cover Pearson, Karl (1857–1936)

Pearson, Karl (1857–1936)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Karl Pearson (1857–1936) by unknown photographer, 1910 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Penney, William George, Baron Penney (1909–1991), mathematical physicist and public servant  

Brian Cathcart

Penney, William George, Baron Penney (1909–1991), mathematical physicist and public servant, was born at 4E Block, Naval Hospital Road, Gibraltar, on 24 June 1909, the only son and eldest of the three children of William Alfred Penney (b. 1881), sergeant-major in the ...

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Cover Penney, William George, Baron Penney (1909–1991)

Penney, William George, Baron Penney (1909–1991)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

William George Penney, Baron Penney (1909–1991) by unknown photographer Getty Images; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Ramsey, Frank Plumpton (1903–1930), mathematician and philosopher  

D. H. Mellor

Ramsey, Frank Plumpton (1903–1930), mathematician and philosopher, was born on 22 February 1903 at 71 Chesterton Road, Chesterton, Cambridge, the eldest of the two sons and two daughters of Arthur Stanley Ramsey (1867–1954), fellow and later president of Magdalene College, Cambridge, and his wife, ...

Article

Sault, Richard (d. 1702), mathematician and writer  

H. F. Baker

revised by Anita McConnell

Sault, Richard (d. 1702), mathematician and writer, whose origins are obscure, is first heard of in connection with John Dunton's Athenian Gazette, a single half-folio which advertised itself as 'resolving weekly all the most nice and curious Questions propos'd by the Ingenious...

Article

Strachey, Oliver (1874–1960), cryptanalyst  

Ralph Erskine

Strachey, Oliver (1874–1960), cryptanalyst, was born on 3 November 1874 at Stowey House, Clapham Common, London, the third son among the thirteen children of Sir Richard Strachey (1817–1908), public works secretary, India, and former lieutenant-general in the Royal Engineers, and his wife, Jane Maria Strachey, ...

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Cover Turing, Alan Mathison (1912–1954)

Turing, Alan Mathison (1912–1954)  

Maker: Elliott & Fry

Alan Mathison Turing (1912–1954) by Elliott & Fry, 1951 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Turing, Alan Mathison (1912–1954), mathematician and computer scientist  

Andrew Hodges

Turing, Alan Mathison (1912–1954), mathematician and computer scientist, was born on 23 June 1912 at Warrington Lodge, Warrington Avenue, London, the younger child (after his brother, John) of Julius Mathison Turing, of the Indian Civil Service, and Ethel Sara Stoney (1881–1976), daughter of ...

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Cover Weldon, Walter Frank Raphael (1860–1906)

Weldon, Walter Frank Raphael (1860–1906)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Walter Frank Raphael Weldon (1860–1906) by unknown photographer The College Art Collections, University of London; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Weldon, Walter Frank Raphael (1860–1906), zoologist and biometrician  

M. Eileen Magnello

Weldon, Walter Frank Raphael (1860–1906), zoologist and biometrician, was born on 15 March 1860, at Highgate, Middlesex, the second child of the journalist and industrial chemist Walter Weldon (1832–1885) and his wife, Anne Cotton (d. 1881). His father's wealth came from his patents of the manganese regeneration process and the magnesia chlorine process. The family moved so frequently that ...