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See Ball, Robert

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Berkeley [formerly Bergtheil; née Dunington], Edith (1875–1963), marine biologist, was born on 1 September 1875 in Tulbagh, Cape of Good Hope, the older daughter of Alfred Dunington, civil engineer, and his wife, Martha Treglohan (c.1837–c.1927). Having spent her early childhood abroad, and having had private tutors in the ...

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Bidder, George Parker (1863–1953), marine biologist, was born on 21 May 1863 in Kensington, London, the elder son of George Parker Bidder QC (1836–1896), of Lincoln's Inn, amateur astronomer and cryptographer, and his wife, Anna, second daughter of John Robinson McClean, civil engineer and MP. ...

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Cushing, David Henry (1920–2008), marine ecologist, was born on 14 March 1920 at 10 Prudhoe Street, Alnwick, Northumberland, the son of William Ewart Wittrick Cushing (1891–1980), schoolmaster, and his wife, Isobel, née Batchelder (1892–1988). He attended Duke's School, Alnwick, and the Royal Grammar School, Newcastle upon Tyne...

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Denton, Sir Eric James (1923–2007), marine biologist and physiologist, was born on 30 September 1923 at 53 Denby Street, Bentley, Yorkshire, the only child of George Denton, a fitter at a colliery, later a grocer, and his wife, Mary Ann, née Ogden, who ran a dress shop. He won a scholarship to ...

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F. M. Haines

revised by Peter Osborne

Fritsch, Felix Eugen (1879–1954), algologist, was born on 26 April 1879 at 15 Princess Terrace, St Pancras, London, the second child of Ernst Theodor Hermann Fritsch, headmaster of a private school at 145 King Henry's Road, Hampstead, and his wife, Josephine Guignon (...

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Maria Emma Gray (1787–1876) by George J. Stodart (after John Ayling) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gray [née Smith], Maria Emma (1787–1876), conchologist and algologist, was born at the Royal Naval Hospital, Greenwich, Kent, the daughter of Lieutenant Henry Smith RN, who was then resident there. In 1812 she married Francis Edward Gray, who died two years later; they had two daughters. In 1826 she married her late husband's second cousin, ...

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Harrison, Sir Richard John (1920–1999), anatomist and marine biologist, was born on 8 October 1920 at 30 Carson Road, Norwood, London, the son of Geoffrey Arthur Harrison, reader in chemical pathology at London University (St Bartholomew's), and Theodora Beatrice Mary, née West. From ...

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Hart, Thomas John (1907–1970), marine biologist, was born on 17 September 1907 at Cintra Lodge, Little Shelford, near Cambridge, the eldest of the four sons of John Henry Arthur Hart (1876–1952), theological lecturer and librarian of St John's College, Cambridge, and later a clergyman, and his wife, ...

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Harvey, Hildebrand Wolfe (1887–1970), marine biologist, was born on 31 December 1887 in Streatham, London, the elder son of Henry Allington Harvey, paint manufacturer in the firm of Foster, Mason, and Harvey of Mitcham, Surrey, and his wife, Laetitia, daughter of Peter Kingsley Wolfe...

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Kent, William Saville- (1845–1908), marine biologist, was born William Savill Kent on 10 July 1845 at Cliff Cottage, Sidmouth, Devon, the youngest of ten children of Samuel Savill Kent (1801–1872), sub-inspector of factories, and his first wife, Mary Ann (1809–1852), daughter of Thomas Windus FSA...

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Marr, James William Slesser (1902–1965), marine biologist and polar explorer, was born on 9 December 1902 at Cushnie, Auchterless, Aberdeenshire, the second son of John George Marr, a farmer, and his wife, Georgina Sutherland Slesser. He was educated initially at Aberdeen grammar school...

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Merrifield [née Watkins], Mary Philadelphia (1804–1889), writer on art and algologist, was born on 15 April 1804 in Brompton, London, the daughter of a conveyancing barrister, Sir Charles Watkins. In 1827 she married John Merrifield of Tavistock (1788/9–1877), who was called to the ...

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G. S. Boulger

revised by Peter Osborne

Murray, George Robert Milne (1858–1911), botanist and algologist, was born at Arbroath, Forfarshire, on 11 November 1858, one of the eight children of George Murray (b. 1814), a tradesman, and his wife, Helen Margaret Sayles (b. 1819). Alexander Stuart Murray (1841–1904)...

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Mary Winifred Parke (1908–1989) by Godfrey Argent Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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Parke, Mary Winifred (1908–1989), marine botanist, was born on 23 March 1908 in Bootle, Liverpool, second of the six children of William Aloysius Parke (1873–1925), partner in a company operating barges, and his wife, Mary Magdalene (1879–1968). She was educated at the Notre Dame Convent, Everton Valley, Liverpool...

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Russell, Sir Frederick Stratten (1897–1984), marine biologist, was born on 3 November 1897 at Bridport, Dorset, the younger son and second of three children of William Russell, schoolteacher, of Bridport, and his wife, Lucy Binfield, daughter of Henry Newman of Liverpool. He was educated at ...

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Smith, Sir (James) Eric (1909–1990), marine biologist, was born in Hull on 23 February 1909, the elder son and eldest of three children of Walter Smith, who had a wholesale grocery business, and his wife, Elsie Kate Pickett. He was educated at Hull grammar school...

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Southward, Alan James (1928–2007), marine biologist, was born on 17 April 1928 at 18 Delamore Street, Kirkdale, Liverpool, the only child of James Fisher Southward (1896–1964), an engineering fitter with Cunard and ultimately Meccano, and his wife, Mary Gertrude, née Aney (1893–1963). He won a scholarship to attend ...