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Ball, John (1818–1889), glaciologist and politician  

Gordon L. Herries Davies

Ball, John (1818–1889), glaciologist and politician, was born in Dublin on 20 August 1818, the eldest child of Nicholas Ball (1791–1865), judge and politician, and his wife, Jane (née Sherlock) of Butlerstown Castle in co. Waterford. Until the age of eleven he received little formal education, but from his earliest years he displayed a precocious interest in science. In his seventh year he was taken to ...

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Cover Ball, John (1818–1889)

Ball, John (1818–1889)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

John Ball (1818–1889) by unknown photographer © Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: reproduced by kind permission of the Director and the Board of Trustees

Article

Columbine, Edward Henry (1763–1811), hydrographer and colonial governor  

Christopher Terrell

Columbine, Edward Henry (1763–1811), hydrographer and colonial governor, was born in Westminster on 2 July 1763, the son of Lieutenant Edward Columbine RN. He had a sister, Sarah, who married into the Dorrington family, later of Lypiatt Park, Gloucestershire. After attending King's School, Canterbury...

Article

Cox, Sir (Ernest) Gordon (1906–1996), crystallographer and public servant  

W. H. Brock

Cox, Sir (Ernest) Gordon (1906–1996), crystallographer and public servant, was born on 24 April 1906 at Pretoria House, Southdown, Twerton, Somerset, the son of Ernest Henry Cox (1884–1987), railway clerk and market gardener, and his wife, Rosina, née Ring (1872–1931), the daughter of a chef, who had worked on a farm in ...

Article

Des Barres, Joseph Frederick Wallet (1721–1824), hydrographer and colonial official  

Roger T. Stearn

Des Barres, Joseph Frederick Wallet (1721–1824), hydrographer and colonial official, was born in November 1721, either in Basel, Switzerland, or in Paris, the eldest child of Joseph-Léonard Vallet des Barres, a Huguenot, and his wife, Anne-Catherine, née Cuvier. He was baptized Joseph-Frédéric Vallet...

Article

Featherstonehaugh, George William (1780–1866), geologist and diplomatist  

Robert A. Stafford

Featherstonehaugh, George William (1780–1866), geologist and diplomatist, was born on 9 April 1780 in London, the second child and only son of George Featherstonehaugh (1744–1780), a lead merchant of Southwark, descended from a formerly wealthy Northumberland family, and his wife, Dorothy Simpson (1751–1847)...

Article

Holland, Sir Thomas Henry (1868–1947), geologist and civil servant  

Roy M. MacLeod

Holland, Sir Thomas Henry (1868–1947), geologist and civil servant, was born at Helston Mills, Helston, Cornwall, on 22 November 1868, the son of John Holland, a miller, formerly of Springfield, Manitoba, and his wife, Grace Treloar, daughter of William Roberts, farmer. His Canadian family played a notable part in his life and in shaping his view of the world, its morphology, and its minerals. Educated at a local dame-school, at the age of sixteen he won a national scholarship to the ...

Article

Horner, Leonard (1785–1864), factory inspector, geologist, and educationist  

P. W. J. Bartrip

Horner, Leonard (1785–1864), factory inspector, geologist, and educationist, was born on 17 January 1785 at St George's Square, Edinburgh, the third and youngest son of John Horner (d. 1829), a wealthy whig linen merchant, and his wife, Joanna, née Baillie. In his youth his circle of acquaintances included ...

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Cover Horner, Leonard (1785–1864)

Horner, Leonard (1785–1864)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Leonard Horner (1785–1864) by unknown artist Heriot-Watt University Archive

Article

Lonsdale [née Yardley], Dame Kathleen (1903–1971), crystallographer and pacifist  

Gill Hudson

Lonsdale [née Yardley], Dame Kathleen (1903–1971), crystallographer and pacifist, was born Kathleen Yardley in Newbridge, Ireland, on 28 January 1903, the youngest child of Harry Frederick Yardley (d. 1923), the local postmaster, and his wife, Jessie Cameron. In 1908 Kathleen's mother, who had been brought up in ...

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Cover Lonsdale, Dame Kathleen (1903–1971)

Lonsdale, Dame Kathleen (1903–1971)  

Maker: Charles Hewitt

Dame Kathleen Lonsdale (1903–1971) by Charles Hewitt, 1948 Getty Images – Charles Hewitt

Article

Rooke, John (1780–1856), political economist and geologist  

T. A. B. Corley

Rooke, John (1780–1856), political economist and geologist, was born in Aikton, near Carlisle, on 29 August 1780, the eldest son of John Rooke, surveyor and a small landowner of the kind known locally as a ‘statesman’, and his wife, Peggy. He attended the village primary school and ...

Article

Saull [Saul], William Devonshire (1783–1855), radical philanthropist and geological collector  

Adrian Desmond

Saull [Saul], William Devonshire (1783–1855), radical philanthropist and geological collector, was born on 21 April 1783 at Byfield, Northamptonshire, the son of William Saul and Elizabeth Devonshire. Nothing is known of Saull's early years, except that he married nineteen-year-old Elizabeth Weedon (1789–1860) at ...

Article

Scrope, George Julius Poulett [formerly George Julius Thomson] (1797–1876), geologist and political economist  

Martin Rudwick

Scrope, George Julius Poulett [formerly George Julius Thomson] (1797–1876), geologist and political economist, was born in London on 10 March 1797. Baptized George Julius Thomson at St Peter-le-Poer in the City of London on 11 May 1797, he was the second son of the ...

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Cover Scrope, George Julius Poulett (1797–1876)

Scrope, George Julius Poulett (1797–1876)  

Maker: John Samuelson Templeton

In 

George Julius Poulett Scrope (1797–1876) by John Samuelson Templeton, pubd 1848 (after Eden Upton Eddis) Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Cover Shakespear, Dame Ethel Mary Reader (1871–1946)

Shakespear, Dame Ethel Mary Reader (1871–1946)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Dame Ethel Mary Reader Shakespear (1871–1946) by unknown photographer The Principal and Fellows, Newnham College, Cambridge

Article

Shakespear [née Wood], Dame Ethel Mary Reader (1871–1946), public servant and geologist  

Mary R. S. Creese

Shakespear [née Wood], Dame Ethel Mary Reader (1871–1946), public servant and geologist, was born on 17 July 1871 at Biddenham, near Bedford, the daughter of the Revd Henry Wood (c.1829–1912). After attending Bedford high school, she entered Newnham College, Cambridge...

Article

Williams, Zephaniah (c. 1795–1874), Chartist and geologist  

Matthew Cragoe

Williams, Zephaniah (c. 1795–1874), Chartist and geologist, was probably a native of the Sirhowy valley, near Newport, Monmouthshire. Little is known of his early life, but by 1830 he had married Joan, daughter of Llewelyn Llewelyn, a yeoman farmer on Mynyddislwyn, and embarked upon a career as a geologist. He prospected for coal in the ...