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Bacon, Francis Thomas [Tom] (1904–1992), engineer and developer of the fuel cell  

Keith R. Williams

Bacon, Francis Thomas [Tom] (1904–1992), engineer and developer of the fuel cell, was born on 21 December 1904 at Ramsden Hall, Ramsden Crays, Billericay, Essex, the second of three sons of Thomas Walter Bacon (1863–1950), electrical engineer, and his wife, Edith Mary, née...

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Cover Bacon, Francis Thomas (1904–1992)

Bacon, Francis Thomas (1904–1992)  

Maker: Lucinda Douglas-Menzies

In 

Francis Thomas Bacon (1904–1992) by Lucinda Douglas-Menzies, 1987 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bell, Ronald Percy (1907–1996), physical chemist  

John Jones

Bell, Ronald Percy (1907–1996), physical chemist, was born on 24 November 1907 at Willowfield, Court House Road, Maidenhead, Berkshire, the eldest child of Edwin Alfred Bell (d. 1954) and his wife, Beatrice Annie, née Ash (d. 1929), elementary school teachers. He had a younger brother and an adopted younger sister. He was educated at ...

Article

Brearley, Harry (1871–1948), metallurgist  

Geoffrey Tweedale

Brearley, Harry (1871–1948), metallurgist, was born on 18 February 1871 at 23 Spital Street, Sheffield, the youngest of five sons and the eighth of nine children of John Brearley, steelworker, and his wife, Jane Senior. Brearley's father was 'an expert steel melter and also an expert ale-supper...

Article

Brodie, Sir Benjamin Collins, second baronet (1817–1880), chemist  

W. H. Brock

Brodie, Sir Benjamin Collins, second baronet (1817–1880), chemist, was born in Sackville Street, Piccadilly, London, on 5 February 1817, the eldest son of Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie (1783–1862), surgeon, and his wife, Anne Sellon (1797–1861). At the age of eleven he went to ...

Article

Fowden, Sir Leslie (1925–2008), plant biochemist  

W. H. Brock

Fowden, Sir Leslie (1925–2008), plant biochemist, was born on 13 October 1925 at Birch Hill House, Wardle, Rochdale, Lancashire, the only child of Herbert Fowden (1878–1960), an iron turner at Turner Brothers, ironfounders, and his wife, Amy Dorothy (1891–1960), a cotton minder and daughter of ...

Article

Gregory, William (1803–1858), chemist and psychic investigator  

W. H. Brock

Gregory, William (1803–1858), chemist and psychic investigator, was born at St Andrew's Square, Edinburgh, on 25 December 1803, the fourth son of James Gregory (1753–1821), professor of medicine in the University of Edinburgh, and his second wife, Miss McLeod. He was descended from a long line of '...

Article

Higgins, (Hugh) Christopher Longuet- (1923–2004), theoretical chemist and cognitive scientist applied mathematician and oceanographer  

John Murrell

revised

Higgins, (Hugh) Christopher Longuet- (1923–2004), theoretical chemist and cognitive scientist, was born at The Vicarage, Lenham, Kent, on 11 April 1923, the elder son and second of the three children of Henry Hugh Longuet Longuet-Higgins (1886-1966), vicar of Lenham, and his wife, Albinia Cecil, ...

Article

Norrish, Ronald George Wreyford (1897–1978), physical chemist  

Fred Dainton

Norrish, Ronald George Wreyford (1897–1978), physical chemist, was born at Panton Street, Cambridge, on 9 November 1897, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Herbert Norrish, pharmacist, and his wife, Amy Norris, who came from the Isle of Wight. His father had settled in ...

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Cover Playfair, Lyon, first Baron Playfair (1818–1898)

Playfair, Lyon, first Baron Playfair (1818–1898)  

Maker: Maull & Polyblank

In 

Lyon Playfair, first Baron Playfair (1818–1898) by Maull & Polyblank, 1855 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Playfair, Lyon, first Baron Playfair (1818–1898), politician and chemist  

Graeme J. N. Gooday

Playfair, Lyon, first Baron Playfair (1818–1898), politician and chemist, was born on 21 May 1818 at either Meerut (Who's Who) or Chunar in Bengal (Reid), second son of eight children of George Playfair (1782–1846), chief inspector-general of hospitals in ...

Article

Sidgwick, Nevil Vincent (1873–1952), chemist  

Keith J. Laidler

Sidgwick, Nevil Vincent (1873–1952), chemist, was born in Oxford on 8 May 1873, the eldest child of William Carr Sidgwick (1834–1919) and (Sarah) Isabella Thompson (d. 1915). There were intellectuals on both sides of the family: his father had been a classical fellow of ...

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Cover Sidgwick, Nevil Vincent (1873–1952)

Sidgwick, Nevil Vincent (1873–1952)  

Maker: John Merton

Nevil Vincent Sidgwick (1873–1952) by John Merton, 1954 Lincoln College, Oxford

Article

Smith, (Robert) Angus (1817–1884), applied chemist and environmental scientist  

Christopher Hamlin

Smith, (Robert) Angus (1817–1884), applied chemist and environmental scientist, was born in Pollokshaws, near Glasgow, on 15 February 1817, the seventh son and twelfth child of John Smith (1765–1843), a minor manufacturer of Loudoun, Ayrshire, and Janet (1776–1853), daughter of James Thomson, owner of flax mills. Both families were connected to the prominent ...

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Cover Smith, (Robert) Angus (1817–1884)

Smith, (Robert) Angus (1817–1884)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

(Robert) Angus Smith (1817–1884) by unknown photographer reproduced courtesy of the Library and Information Centre, Royal Society of Chemistry

Article

Swindin, Norman (1880–1976), chemical engineer  

Anita McConnell

Swindin, Norman (1880–1976), chemical engineer, was born at Silkstone Common, Silkstone, Yorkshire, on 16 December 1880, the eldest of three sons and a daughter of William Swindin, stationmaster at Silkstone, and his wife, Martha Normansell. The family moved in 1884 to Macclesfield, where ...

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Cover Tizard, Sir Henry Thomas (1885–1959)

Tizard, Sir Henry Thomas (1885–1959)  

Maker: Howard Coster

In 

Sir Henry Thomas Tizard (1885–1959) by Howard Coster, 1942 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Tizard, Sir Henry Thomas (1885–1959), physical chemist and science administrator  

G. J. Piller

Tizard, Sir Henry Thomas (1885–1959), physical chemist and science administrator, was born on 23 August 1885 at Gillingham, Kent, the only son and third of five children of Thomas Henry Tizard (1839–1924), naval officer and hydrographer, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth (d...

Article

Turner, Matthew (d. 1789?), chemist and radical theologian  

E. I. Carlyle

revised by Kevin C. Knox

Turner, Matthew (d. 1789?), chemist and radical theologian, was an established surgeon and teacher by 1760; little is known of his life before then. During his most productive years he worked and socialized in the non-Anglican milieu of England's north-western counties, his friends and colleagues including ...

Article

Wilkinson, Sir Geoffrey (1921–1996), inorganic chemist  

Bill Griffith

Wilkinson, Sir Geoffrey (1921–1996), inorganic chemist, was born on 14 July 1921 at 506 Halifax Road, Springside, near Todmorden, Yorkshire, the eldest of three children of Henry Wilkinson (1885–1975), master painter and decorator, and his wife, Ruth, née Crowther (1891–1962), weaver. Both his parents came from ...