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Cover Bateson, William (1861–1926)

Bateson, William (1861–1926)  

Maker: Vernon Henry Mottram


William Bateson (1861–1926) by Vernon Henry Mottram, 1909 © National Portrait Gallery, London


Bateson, William (1861–1926), biologist  

Robert Olby

Bateson, William (1861–1926), biologist, was born on 8 August 1861 in St Hilda's Terrace, Ruswarp, near Whitby, Yorkshire, the second of six children of William Henry Bateson (1812–1881), master of St John's College, Cambridge, and his wife, Anna Aikin (1829–1918), daughter of James Aikin (1792–1878)...


Brenner, Sydney (1927–2019), molecular biologist  

Georgina Ferry

Brenner, Sydney (1927–2019), molecular biologist, was born on 13 January 1927 in Germiston, a gold-mining town near Johannesburg, South Africa, the son of Morris Brenner (d. 1978), who had immigrated from Lithuania in 1910, and his wife, Leah, née Blecher (...


Cover Brenner, Sydney (1927–2019)

Brenner, Sydney (1927–2019)  

Maker: James King-Holmes


Sydney Brenner (1927–2019), by James King-Holmes



Broom, Robert (1866–1951), palaeontologist  

Peter J. Bowler

Broom, Robert (1866–1951), palaeontologist, was born at 66 Back Sneddon Street, Paisley, Renfrewshire, on 30 November 1866, the third child of John Broom, designer of prints and shawls, and his wife, Agnes Hunter Shearer. His early education was sporadic owing to illness, but in 1879 he entered ...


Buckman, Sydney Savory (1860–1929), geologist and palaeontologist  

H. S. Torrens

Buckman, Sydney Savory (1860–1929), geologist and palaeontologist, was born on 3 April 1860 at Dollar Street, Cirencester, the eldest son of James Buckman (1814–1884), naturalist, and his wife, Julia, née Savory (1834–1865). After his father lost his job as professor of botany and geology at the ...


Dalton, Sir Howard (1944–2008), microbiologist  

Colin Murrell

Dalton, Sir Howard (1944–2008), microbiologist, was born at Woodside Nursing Home, Epsom Road, Sutton, Surrey, on 8 February 1944, the son of Leslie Alfred Dalton, lorry driver, and his wife, Florence Gertrude, née Evans. At the time of his birth registration his parents lived at ...


Dovaston, John Freeman Milward (1782–1854), naturalist and poet  

D. E. Allen

Dovaston, John Freeman Milward (1782–1854), naturalist and poet, the younger child and only son of John Dovaston (1740–1808) and his wife, Ann, née Price, was born on 30 December 1782 in the villa known as The Nursery which his father had personally built on a small ancestral estate developed into a prosperous tree nursery near the village of ...


Falconer, Hugh (1808–1865), palaeontologist and naturalist  

D. T. Moore

Falconer, Hugh (1808–1865), palaeontologist and naturalist, was born at Forres, Moray, on 29 February 1808, one of five sons and two daughters of David Falconer and his wife, Isabel Mcrae. He was educated at the local grammar school and the University of Aberdeen...


Fowden, Sir Leslie (1925–2008), plant biochemist  

W. H. Brock

Fowden, Sir Leslie (1925–2008), plant biochemist, was born on 13 October 1925 at Birch Hill House, Wardle, Rochdale, Lancashire, the only child of Herbert Fowden (1878–1960), an iron turner at Turner Brothers, ironfounders, and his wife, Amy Dorothy (1891–1960), a cotton minder and daughter of ...


Cover Grant, Robert Edmond (1793–1874)

Grant, Robert Edmond (1793–1874)  

Maker: Thomas Herbert Maguire


Robert Edmond Grant (1793–1874) by Thomas Herbert Maguire, 1852 © National Portrait Gallery, London


Grant, Robert Edmond (1793–1874), comparative anatomist and transmutationist  

Adrian Desmond

Grant, Robert Edmond (1793–1874), comparative anatomist and transmutationist, was born in Edinburgh on 11 November 1793. He was the seventh son in the family of twelve sons and two daughters of Alexander Grant (d. 1808), a wealthy writer to the signet, and ...


Gutteridge, Joseph (1816–1899), silk weaver and naturalist  

V. E. Chancellor

Gutteridge, Joseph (1816–1899), silk weaver and naturalist, was born on 23 March 1816 in Coventry, the eldest of the three sons of Joseph Gutteridge, a recruiting sergeant, and his first wife, Sarah Shaw. Educated from 1821 in two schools, run by a Quaker woman and Wesleyan preacher respectively, he then went to ...


Halstead [Tarlo], (Lambert) Beverly (1933–1991), palaeontologist  

William A. S. Sarjeant

Halstead [Tarlo], (Lambert) Beverly (1933–1991), palaeontologist, was born in Pendleton, Lancashire, on 13 June 1933, the son of Lambert Halstead (1907–1983), painter and decorator, and his wife, Elizabeth (Betty), née Waring (1911–1991), railway clerk. He was brought up in circumstances of social isolation. His mother was the dominant parent; she believed in treating children without overt affection and as young adults. Moreover, she was an atheist and practising communist, at a time when such views were anathema to ...


Harris, Thomas Maxwell (1903–1983), palaeobotanist  

William G. Chaloner

Harris, Thomas Maxwell (1903–1983), palaeobotanist, was born on 8 January 1903 in Leicester, the first of the four children, and only son, of Alex Charles Harris, engineer and inventor, and his wife, Lucy Frances, daughter of Arthur Evans of Leicester. He attended Wyggeston grammar school...


Hogben, Lancelot Thomas (1895–1975), biologist  

Robert Bud

Hogben, Lancelot Thomas (1895–1975), biologist, was born in Southsea, Hampshire, on 9 December 1895, the eldest of three surviving sons of Thomas Hogben and Margaret Alice Prescott. He had three elder sisters (an elder brother died in infancy). His father was a dry-salter and a Methodist who devoted himself to evangelism. His mother was the daughter of a successful building contractor in ...


Hudson, William Henry (1841–1922), author and naturalist  

Dennis Shrubsall

Hudson, William Henry (1841–1922), author and naturalist, was born on 4 August 1841 on a small ranch, Los Viente-cinco Ombúes, near Quilmes in Buenos Aires province, a sovereign state of the Argentine confederation. He was the fourth child of Daniel Hudson (1804–1868), a farmer, and his wife, ...


Cover Hudson, William Henry (1841–1922)

Hudson, William Henry (1841–1922)  

Maker: Elliott & Fry


William Henry Hudson (1841–1922) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London


Cover Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825–1895)

Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825–1895)  

Maker: John Collier


Thomas Henry Huxley (1825–1895) by John Collier, 1883 © National Portrait Gallery, London


Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825–1895), biologist and science educationist  

Adrian Desmond

Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825–1895), biologist and science educationist, was born on 4 May 1825 in Ealing, the youngest of the six surviving children of George Huxley (1780–1853) and Rachel Withers (1785–1852); an elder sister and younger brother died in infancy. His mother was born in ...