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Allan, Sir William (1837–1903), engineer and politician  

A. H. Millar

revised by Ian St John

Allan, Sir William (1837–1903), engineer and politician, born at Dundee on 29 November 1837, was the third son of James Allan (d. 1883), machine maker, and his wife, Margaret Dickson (d. 1879). After being educated in local schools, Allan served his apprenticeship as an engineer at his father's ...

Article

Aspall, Geoffrey of (d. 1287), administrator and natural philosopher  

R. James Long

Aspall, Geoffrey of (d. 1287), administrator and natural philosopher, took his name from Aspall in Suffolk; his father was a landowner in that county who married a member of the wealthy London family of Bukerel, and he had at least three brothers. Information concerning the dates and place of ...

Article

Atkins, Samuel Elliott (1807–1898), chronometer maker and politician  

Anita McConnell

Atkins, Samuel Elliott (1807–1898) (1765/6-1855), chronometer maker and politician, was born on 13 April 1807 at Clement's Lane, off Lombard Street in the City of London, the son of George Atkins, chronometer maker, and his wife, Theodosia Mary née...

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Cover Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923)

Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923)  

Maker: Héléna Arsène Darmesteter

In 

Sarah Ayrton [Hertha] (1854–1923), by Héléna Arsène Darmesteter

The Mistress and Fellows, Girton College, Cambridge

Article

Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923), electrical engineer and suffragist  

Joan Mason

Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923), electrical engineer and suffragist, was born Phoebe Sarah Marks on 28 April 1854 at 6 Queen Street, Portsea, Portsmouth, third child of Alice Theresa (d. 1898), seamstress, daughter of Joseph Moss, glass merchant of ...

Article

Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker (1889–1982), politician and Nobel prizewinner  

David Howell

Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker (1889–1982), politician and Nobel prizewinner, was born Philip John Baker at Woodstock, Brondesbury Park, London, on 1 November 1889, the sixth and penultimate child of (Joseph) Allen Baker (1852–1918) and his wife, Elizabeth Balmer Moscrip. His father had moved to ...

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Cover Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker (1889–1982)

Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker (1889–1982)  

Maker: Howard Coster

Philip John Noel- Baker, Baron Noel-Baker (1889–1982) by Howard Coster, 1946 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Balfour, Alice Blanche (1850–1936), entomologist, watercolourist, and political hostess  

Donald L. Opitz

Balfour, Alice Blanche (1850–1936), entomologist, watercolourist, and political hostess, was born at Queen Street, Edinburgh, on 20 October 1850, the youngest daughter of James Maitland Balfour (1820–1856), landowner, Conservative MP for Haddington (1841–7), and chairman of the North British Railway Company...

Article

Ball, John (1818–1889), glaciologist and politician  

Gordon L. Herries Davies

Ball, John (1818–1889), glaciologist and politician, was born in Dublin on 20 August 1818, the eldest child of Nicholas Ball (1791–1865), judge and politician, and his wife, Jane (née Sherlock) of Butlerstown Castle in co. Waterford. Until the age of eleven he received little formal education, but from his earliest years he displayed a precocious interest in science. In his seventh year he was taken to ...

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Cover Ball, John (1818–1889)

Ball, John (1818–1889)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

John Ball (1818–1889) by unknown photographer © Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: reproduced by kind permission of the Director and the Board of Trustees

Article

Barnaby, (Charles) Frank (1927–2020), nuclear physicist, peace researcher, and peace campaigner  

Paul Rogers

Barnaby, (Charles) Frank (1927–2020), nuclear physicist, peace researcher, and peace campaigner, was born on 27 September 1927 at Harroway Villa, Penton Mewsey, Andover, Hampshire, the only child of (Charles) Hector Barnaby (1901–1934), a corporal in the RAF serving at ...

Article

Barton, John (1789–1852), political economist and botanist  

David Eastwood

revised

Barton, John (1789–1852), political economist and botanist, was born on 4 June 1789 in Southwark, London, the son of John Barton (1754–1789) and his second wife, Elizabeth, née Horne (1760–1833). He was the half-brother of Maria Hack, children's writer, and Bernard Barton...

Article

Baxter, Robert Dudley (1827–1875), political writer and statistician  

E. J. Feuchtwanger

Baxter, Robert Dudley (1827–1875), political writer and statistician, was born on 3 February 1827 at Doncaster, the son of Robert Baxter, of Stoke Golding, Leicestershire, and of the firm of Baxter & Co., parliamentary lawyers, of Westminster. He was a collateral descendant of ...

Article

Jad Adams

revised

In 

See Benn, Anthony Neil Wedgwood [Tony], second Viscount Stansgate

Article

Bennett, Sir John (1814–1897), watchmaker and politician  

Richard Harvey

Bennett, Sir John (1814–1897), watchmaker and politician, was born on 15 October 1814, the son of John Bennett (d. 1829/30) of Stockwell Street, Greenwich, watchmaker, and his wife, Elizabeth Sinnock Bennett, and the elder brother of George Weedon Bennett and William Cox Bennett...

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Cover Bennett, Sir John (1814–1897)

Bennett, Sir John (1814–1897)  

Maker: unknown engraver

In 

Sir John Bennett (1814–1897) by unknown engraver, pubd 1879 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

See Boland, Henry James [Harry]

Article

Boreham, Sir (Arthur) John (1925–1994), statistician and civil servant  

Arthur Green

Boreham, Sir (Arthur) John (1925–1994), statistician and civil servant, was born on 30 July 1925 at Noddon, Beacon Hill, Hindhead, Surrey, the second surviving son of the Ven. Frederick Boreham (1888–1966), Church of England clergyman, and his wife, Caroline Mildred, née Slater (1890–1943)...

Article

Bray, Jeremy William (1930–2002), mathematician and politician  

Tam Dalyell

Bray, Jeremy William (1930–2002), mathematician and politician, was born in Hong Kong on 29 June 1930, the son of the Revd Arthur Henry Bray and his wife, Edith Muriel, who were Methodist missionaries. He spent his early childhood in Foshan. By great good fortune the ...

Article

Brereton, William, third Baron Brereton of Leighlin (bap. 1631, d. 1680), politician and natural philosopher  

Anita McConnell

Brereton, William, third Baron Brereton of Leighlin (bap. 1631, d. 1680), politician and natural philosopher, was baptized on 4 May 1631 at Brereton, Cheshire, the eldest son of William Brereton, second Baron Brereton (1611–1664), and his wife, Lady Elizabeth (d. 1687), daughter of ...