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Ada [née Ada de Warenne], countess of Northumberland (c. 1123–1178), consort of Prince Henry of Scotland  

Keith Stringer

Ada [née Ada de Warenne], countess of Northumberland (c. 1123–1178), consort of Prince Henry of Scotland, was one of the family of three sons and two daughters of William (II) de Warenne, earl of Surrey (d. 1138), and his wife, Isabel (Elizabeth) de Vermandois (...

Article

Anne [née Anne Hyde], duchess of York (1637–1671), first wife of James II  

John Miller

Anne [née Anne Hyde], duchess of York (1637–1671), first wife of James II, was born on 12 March 1637 at Cranbourne Lodge, Windsor Park, the eldest daughter of Sir Edward Hyde (1609–1674), created earl of Clarendon in 1661, and Frances, daughter of ...

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Cover Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671)

Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671)  

Maker: Sir Peter Lely

In 

Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1660 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Bruce, Edward, earl of Carrick (c. 1280–1318), soldier and claimant to the Irish throne  

A. A. M. Duncan

Bruce, Edward, earl of Carrick (c. 1280–1318), soldier and claimant to the Irish throne, was the third, or possibly fourth, son of Robert VI de Brus (d. 1304), son of the claimant for the Scottish throne, and Marjory, countess of Carrick. He had two older brothers, ...

Article

Bruce, Sir Robert, lord of Liddesdale (c. 1293–1332), royal bastard  

Fiona Watson

Bruce, Sir Robert, lord of Liddesdale (c. 1293–1332), royal bastard, was the eldest son, albeit illegitimate, of Robert Bruce, earl of Carrick (1274–1329), later Robert I. The identity of his mother is unknown, though she perhaps resided on or near the Bruces' Scottish estates, given that all her son's activities took place in ...

Article

David, earl of Huntingdon and lord of Garioch (1152–1219), magnate  

Keith Stringer

David, earl of Huntingdon and lord of Garioch (1152–1219), magnate, was the youngest in the family of three sons and three daughters of Prince Henry of Scotland (c. 1115–1152) and his wife, Ada de Warenne (c. 1123–1178). His grandfather David I, in whose honour he was named, and his elder brothers, ...

Article

Davis [Davies; married name Paisible], Mary [Moll] (c. 1651–1708), actress and royal mistress  

Olive Baldwin and Thelma Wilson

Davis [Davies; married name Paisible], Mary [Moll] (c. 1651–1708), actress and royal mistress, was said to be 'a bastard of Collonell Howard, my Lord Barkeshire' (Pepys, 9.24), a phrase which is more likely to refer to Thomas Howard (...

Article

Douglas, Margaret, countess of Douglas, and duchess of Touraine in the French nobility (b. before 1373?, d. 1450/51), landowner  

Daphne Brooke

Douglas, Margaret, countess of Douglas, and duchess of Touraine in the French nobility (b. before 1373?, d. 1450/51), landowner, was the eldest child of Robert III (d. 1406) and his wife, Annabella, née Drummond (d. 1401), and thus the sister of James I...

Article

Drummond, Margaret (d. 1502), royal mistress  

C. A. McGladdery

Drummond, Margaret (d. 1502), royal mistress, was the eldest of the six daughters of John Drummond of Cargill, first Lord Drummond (d. 1518) [see under Drummond family (per. 1363-1518)], and his wife, Elizabeth Lindsay. James IV may have met Margaret when he visited ...

Article

Elizabeth, Princess [Elizabeth Stuart] (1596–1662), queen of Bohemia and electress palatine, consort of Frederick V  

Ronald G. Asch

Elizabeth, Princess [Elizabeth Stuart] (1596–1662), queen of Bohemia and electress palatine, consort of Frederick V, eldest and only surviving daughter of James VI of Scotland (James I of England) (1566–1625) and his wife, Anne of Denmark (1574–1619), was born at Falkland Palace, Cupar...

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Cover Elizabeth, Princess (1596–1662)

Elizabeth, Princess (1596–1662)  

Maker: Gerrit van Honthorst

Princess Elizabeth (1596–1662) by Gerrit van Honthorst, 1642 © The National Gallery, London

Article

Elizabeth, Princess (1635–1650)  

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Sean Kelsey

Elizabeth, Princess (1635–1650), second daughter of Charles I (1600–1649) and Henrietta Maria (1609–1669), was born at St James's Palace on 28 December 1635 and baptized there by William Laud on 2 January 1636. She had not reached her first birthday when her grandmother, ...

Article

See James V, mistresses and children of

Article

FitzRoy [formerly Palmer], Henry, first duke of Grafton (1663–1690), naval officer  

J. D. Davies

FitzRoy [formerly Palmer], Henry, first duke of Grafton (1663–1690), naval officer, the second illegitimate son of Charles II (1630–1685) and Barbara Palmer, née Villiers, countess of Castlemaine and later duchess of Cleveland (bap. 1640, d. 1709), was born at his mother's house in ...

Article

Gwyn, Eleanor [Nell] (1651?–1687), actress and royal mistress  

S. M. Wynne

Gwyn, Eleanor [Nell] (1651?–1687), actress and royal mistress, was born, according to a contemporary horoscope, on 2 February 1651. Her parentage remains obscure, as does her place of birth. Nell had a sister named Rose and her mother was Helena (d...

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Cover Gwyn, Eleanor (1651?–1687)

Gwyn, Eleanor (1651?–1687)  

Maker: Gerard Valck

Eleanor Gwyn (1651?–1687) by Gerard Valck, c. 1673 (after Sir Peter Lely, c. 1670) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cover Henriette Anne, Princess, duchess of Orléans (1644–1670)

Henriette Anne, Princess, duchess of Orléans (1644–1670)  

Maker: Sir Peter Lely

In 

Princess Henriette Anne, duchess of Orléans (1644–1670) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1662 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Henriette Anne [formerly Henrietta], Princess, duchess of Orléans (1644–1670)  

John Miller

Henriette Anne [formerly Henrietta], Princess, duchess of Orléans (1644–1670), was born at Bedford House, Exeter, on 16 June 1644, the sixth and youngest of the children of Charles I (1600–1649) and Queen Henrietta Maria (1609–1669) to survive infancy and the eighth in all. By her father's command she was baptized into the ...

Article

Henry, earl of Northumberland (c. 1115–1152), prince  

Keith Stringer

Henry, earl of Northumberland (c. 1115–1152), prince, was the only surviving adult son of David I (c. 1085–1153), king of Scots, and his queen, Maud (or Matilda) (d. 1131) [see under David I], widow of Simon (I) de Senlis. From c...

Article

Henry, Prince, duke of Gloucester (1640–1660)  

Stuart Handley

Henry, Prince, duke of Gloucester (1640–1660), was born on 8 July 1640 at Oatlands, Surrey, and baptized there on 22 July, the fourth, but third surviving, son of Charles I, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1600–1649), and Queen Henrietta Maria (1609–1669). He was declared ...