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Beaufort, Edmund, first duke of Somerset (c. 1406–1455), magnate and soldier  

Colin Richmond

Beaufort, Edmund, first duke of Somerset (c. 1406–1455), magnate and soldier, was the younger brother of John Beaufort, duke of Somerset (1404–1444); John and Edmund were the second and third sons of John Beaufort, marquess of Dorset and of Somerset (c. 1371–1410), who was the eldest son of ...

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Beaufort, Edmund, styled third duke of Somerset (c. 1438–1471), magnate  

Michael K. Jones

Beaufort, Edmund, styled third duke of Somerset (c. 1438–1471), magnate, was the second of the three sons of Edmund Beaufort, first duke of Somerset (d. 1455), and his wife, Eleanor, daughter of Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick (1382–1439), and widow of Thomas, Baron Ros of Helmsley...

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Cover Beaufort, Henry (1375?–1447)
Henry Beaufort (1375?–1447) stone effigy © English Heritage. NMR

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Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal  

G. L. Harriss

Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal, was the second of four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403), daughter of the Hainaulter Sir Payn Roelt, who was governess to the duke's children [...

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Beaufort, Henry, second duke of Somerset (1436–1464), magnate  

Michael K. Jones

Beaufort, Henry, second duke of Somerset (1436–1464), magnate, was born early in 1436, the eldest son of Edmund Beaufort, first duke of Somerset (d. 1455), and his wife, Eleanor, daughter of Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick (d. 1439), and widow of Thomas, Baron Ros...

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Beaufort [married names Ferrers, Neville], Joan, countess of Westmorland (1379?–1440), magnate  

Anthony Tuck

Beaufort [married names Ferrers, Neville], Joan, countess of Westmorland (1379?–1440), magnate, was the youngest of the four children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and his mistress, Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403) [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster].

The dates of birth of all four children are uncertain, though there may be some significance in the pattern of gifts from ...

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Beaufort, John, marquess of Dorset and marquess of Somerset (c. 1371–1410), soldier and administrator  

G. L. Harriss

Beaufort, John, marquess of Dorset and marquess of Somerset (c. 1371–1410), soldier and administrator, was the first offspring of the liaison between John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403) [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster]. He became a staunch supporter of ...

Article

Beaufort, John, duke of Somerset (1404–1444), magnate and soldier  

G. L. Harriss

Beaufort, John, duke of Somerset (1404–1444), magnate and soldier, was the second son of John Beaufort, marquess of Dorset and of Somerset (d. 1410), and Margaret Holland, daughter of Thomas Holland, earl of Kent. He succeeded to the earldom of Somerset on the death of his elder brother, ...

Article

Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier  

G. L. Harriss

Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier, was the youngest of the three illegitimate sons of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, and Katherine Swynford [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster]. His brothers were John Beaufort and Henry Beaufort...

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Edmund [Edmund of Woodstock], first earl of Kent (1301–1330), magnate  

Scott L. Waugh

Edmund [Edmund of Woodstock], first earl of Kent (1301–1330), magnate, was the sixth son of Edward I (1239–1307) and the second from Edward's second marriage, to Margaret (1279?–1318), daughter of Philippe III, king of France (d. 1285). He was born on 5 August 1301 at ...

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Edmund of Almain, second earl of Cornwall (1249–1300), magnate  

Nicholas Vincent

Edmund of Almain, second earl of Cornwall (1249–1300), magnate, was born at his father's castle of Berkhamsted on 26 December 1249, as the second and only surviving son of Richard, first earl of Cornwall (1209–1272), brother of Henry III, and his wife Sanchia (...

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Edward [Edward of Langley, Edward of York], second duke of York (c. 1373–1415), magnate  

Rosemary Horrox

Edward [Edward of Langley, Edward of York], second duke of York (c. 1373–1415), magnate, the eldest son of Edmund (1341–1402), the fifth son of Edward III, and Isabel (Isabella) of Castile (1355–1392), third and youngest daughter of Pedro the Cruel (...

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Margaret, duchess of Burgundy (1446–1503), Yorkist matriarch and mediator  

Michael Jones

Margaret, duchess of Burgundy (1446–1503), Yorkist matriarch and mediator, was the third daughter of Richard, third duke of York (1411–1460), and Cecily (1415–1495), daughter of Ralph Neville, first earl of Westmorland. She was born on 3 May 1446, probably at Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire...

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Mortimer, Edmund, fifth earl of March and seventh earl of Ulster (1391–1425), magnate and potential claimant to the English throne  

R. A. Griffiths

Mortimer, Edmund, fifth earl of March and seventh earl of Ulster (1391–1425), magnate and potential claimant to the English throne, was the last earl of March of the family of Mortimer of Wigmore; his descent from Edward III blighted his career and threatened the usurping Lancastrian dynasty after 1399. According to a contemporary family history (...

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Plantagenet, Arthur, Viscount Lisle (b. before 1472, d. 1542), soldier, diplomat, and administrator  

David Grummitt

Plantagenet, Arthur, Viscount Lisle (b. before 1472, d. 1542), soldier, diplomat, and administrator, was the illegitimate son of Edward IV (1442–1483).

The identity of Arthur's mother and his date of birth have given rise to much speculation. The editor of his correspondence, Muriel St Clare Byrne...

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Cover Richard of York, third duke of York (1411–1460)
Richard of York, third duke of York (1411–1460) painted glass the master and fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge

Article

Richard of York, third duke of York (1411–1460), magnate and claimant to the English throne  

John Watts

Richard of York, third duke of York (1411–1460), magnate and claimant to the English throne, was the only son of Richard of Conisbrough, fourth earl of Cambridge (1385–1415), and Anne Mortimer (b. after 1388, d. before 1414), daughter of Roger (VII) Mortimer, ...

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Richard [Richard of Conisbrough], earl of Cambridge (1385–1415), magnate  

G. L. Harriss

Richard [Richard of Conisbrough], earl of Cambridge (1385–1415), magnate, the second son in the family of Edmund of Langley, first duke of York (1341–1402), and his first wife, Isabel [Isabella] of Castile (1355–1392), daughter and coheir of Pedro the Cruel, king of Castile and Leon...

Article

Scott [formerly Crofts], James, duke of Monmouth and first duke of Buccleuch (1649–1685), politician  

Tim Harris

Scott [formerly Crofts], James, duke of Monmouth and first duke of Buccleuch (1649–1685), politician, was born on 9 April 1649 at Rotterdam, the illegitimate son of Charles II (1630–1685) and Lucy Walter (1630?–1658), daughter of William Walter (or Walters) of Roch Castle...

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Cover Scott [Crofts], James, duke of Monmouth and first duke of Buccleuch (1649–1685)

Scott [Crofts], James, duke of Monmouth and first duke of Buccleuch (1649–1685)  

Maker: Sir Godfrey Kneller

James Scott, duke of Monmouth and first duke of Buccleuch (1649–1685) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1678 private collection; photograph National Galleries of Scotland