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Beaufort, Edmund, first duke of Somerset (c. 1406–1455), magnate and soldier  

Colin Richmond

Beaufort, Edmund, first duke of Somerset (c. 1406–1455), magnate and soldier, was the younger brother of John Beaufort, duke of Somerset (1404–1444); John and Edmund were the second and third sons of John Beaufort, marquess of Dorset and of Somerset (c. 1371–1410), who was the eldest son of ...

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Beaufort, Edmund, styled third duke of Somerset (c. 1438–1471), magnate  

Michael K. Jones

Beaufort, Edmund, styled third duke of Somerset (c. 1438–1471), magnate, was the second of the three sons of Edmund Beaufort, first duke of Somerset (d. 1455), and his wife, Eleanor, daughter of Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick (1382–1439), and widow of Thomas, Baron Ros of Helmsley...

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Cover Beaufort, Henry (1375?–1447)
Henry Beaufort (1375?–1447) stone effigy © English Heritage. NMR

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Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal  

G. L. Harriss

Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal, was the second of four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403), daughter of the Hainaulter Sir Payn Roelt, who was governess to the duke's children [...

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Beaufort, Henry, second duke of Somerset (1436–1464), magnate  

Michael K. Jones

Beaufort, Henry, second duke of Somerset (1436–1464), magnate, was born early in 1436, the eldest son of Edmund Beaufort, first duke of Somerset (d. 1455), and his wife, Eleanor, daughter of Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick (d. 1439), and widow of Thomas, Baron Ros...

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Beaufort [married names Ferrers, Neville], Joan, countess of Westmorland (1379?–1440), magnate  

Anthony Tuck

Beaufort [married names Ferrers, Neville], Joan, countess of Westmorland (1379?–1440), magnate, was the youngest of the four children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and his mistress, Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403) [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster].

The dates of birth of all four children are uncertain, though there may be some significance in the pattern of gifts from ...

Article

Beaufort, John, marquess of Dorset and marquess of Somerset (c. 1371–1410), soldier and administrator  

G. L. Harriss

Beaufort, John, marquess of Dorset and marquess of Somerset (c. 1371–1410), soldier and administrator, was the first offspring of the liaison between John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403) [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster]. He became a staunch supporter of ...

Article

Beaufort, John, duke of Somerset (1404–1444), magnate and soldier  

G. L. Harriss

Beaufort, John, duke of Somerset (1404–1444), magnate and soldier, was the second son of John Beaufort, marquess of Dorset and of Somerset (d. 1410), and Margaret Holland, daughter of Thomas Holland, earl of Kent. He succeeded to the earldom of Somerset on the death of his elder brother, ...

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Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier  

G. L. Harriss

Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier, was the youngest of the three illegitimate sons of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, and Katherine Swynford [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster]. His brothers were John Beaufort and Henry Beaufort...

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Edmund [Edmund of Woodstock], first earl of Kent (1301–1330), magnate  

Scott L. Waugh

Edmund [Edmund of Woodstock], first earl of Kent (1301–1330), magnate, was the sixth son of Edward I (1239–1307) and the second from Edward's second marriage, to Margaret (1279?–1318), daughter of Philippe III, king of France (d. 1285). He was born on 5 August 1301 at ...

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Edmund of Almain, second earl of Cornwall (1249–1300), magnate  

Nicholas Vincent

Edmund of Almain, second earl of Cornwall (1249–1300), magnate, was born at his father's castle of Berkhamsted on 26 December 1249, as the second and only surviving son of Richard, first earl of Cornwall (1209–1272), brother of Henry III, and his wife Sanchia (...

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Edward [Edward of Langley, Edward of York], second duke of York (c. 1373–1415), magnate  

Rosemary Horrox

Edward [Edward of Langley, Edward of York], second duke of York (c. 1373–1415), magnate, the eldest son of Edmund (1341–1402), the fifth son of Edward III, and Isabel (Isabella) of Castile (1355–1392), third and youngest daughter of Pedro the Cruel (...

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Geoffrey (1151?–1212), archbishop of York  

Marie Lovatt

Geoffrey (1151?–1212), archbishop of York, was the illegitimate son of Henry II. He was probably named after his paternal grandfather, Geoffrey of Anjou (d. 1151).

Geoffrey's date of birth is suggested by indirect evidence. ...

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Cover Geoffrey (1151?–1212)

Geoffrey (1151?–1212)  

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Geoffrey (1151?–1212) seal Chapter of Durham Cathedral

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Cover Henry of Lancaster, first duke of Lancaster (c. 1310–1361)

Henry of Lancaster, first duke of Lancaster (c. 1310–1361)  

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Henry of Lancaster, first duke of Lancaster (c. 1310–1361) manuscript painting, c. 1430 The British Library

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Henry of Lancaster, third earl of Lancaster and third earl of Leicester (c. 1280–1345), magnate  

Scott L. Waugh

Henry of Lancaster, third earl of Lancaster and third earl of Leicester (c. 1280–1345), magnate, was the second son of Edmund (Crouchback), earl of Lancaster (1245–1296), the youngest son of Henry III, and Blanche (d. 1302), daughter of Robert, count of Artois...

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Henry of Lancaster [Henry of Grosmont], first duke of Lancaster (c. 1310–1361), soldier and diplomat  

W. M. Ormrod

Henry of Lancaster [Henry of Grosmont], first duke of Lancaster (c. 1310–1361), soldier and diplomat, was the son of Henry, third earl of Lancaster (c. 1280–1345), and Maud Chaworth (d. 1317×22).

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Cover Longespée, William, third earl of Salisbury (b. in or before 1167, d. 1226)

Longespée, William, third earl of Salisbury (b. in or before 1167, d. 1226)  

In 

William Longespée, third earl of Salisbury (b. in or before 1167, d. 1226) tomb effigy © English Heritage. NMR

Article

Longespée [Lungespée], William, third earl of Salisbury (b. in or before 1167, d. 1226), magnate  

Matthew Strickland

Longespée [Lungespée], William, third earl of Salisbury (b. in or before 1167, d. 1226), magnate, was the natural son of Henry II and Ida de Tosny, probably the daughter of Roger (III) de Tosny, a powerful Anglo-Norman lord, and his wife, also Ida...

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Margaret, duchess of Burgundy (1446–1503), Yorkist matriarch and mediator  

Michael Jones

Margaret, duchess of Burgundy (1446–1503), Yorkist matriarch and mediator, was the third daughter of Richard, third duke of York (1411–1460), and Cecily (1415–1495), daughter of Ralph Neville, first earl of Westmorland. She was born on 3 May 1446, probably at Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire...