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Bambatha ka Mancinza (1865/6–1906), chief and rebel in Natal  

P. S. Thompson

Bambatha ka Mancinza (1865/6–1906), chief and rebel in Natal, was born in 1865 or 1866 in the Umvoti division of the British colony of Natal. He was the son of the chief Mancinza (also called Sobhuza) ka Jangeni (d. 1883) and a daughter of the Chunu chief ...

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Cover Cetshwayo [Cetewayo] ka Mpande (c. 1826–1884)

Cetshwayo [Cetewayo] ka Mpande (c. 1826–1884)  

Maker: Bassano

In 

Cetshwayo ka Mpande (c. 1826–1884) by Bassano, 1882 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Cetshwayo [Cetewayo] ka Mpande (c. 1826–1884), king of the Zulu  

Shula Marks

Cetshwayo [Cetewayo] ka Mpande (c. 1826–1884), king of the Zulu, the eldest son of King Mpande (d. 1872) and Ngqumbazi, daughter of the Zungu chief Mbondi, was born at his father's Mlambongwenya homestead near Eshowe.

As a young man Cetshwayo...

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Dingane ka Senzangakhona (c. 1798–1840), king of the Zulu  

John D. Omer-Cooper

Dingane ka Senzangakhona (c. 1798–1840), king of the Zulu, born in the south-eastern corner of emaKhosini, Babanango district, Natal, was the son of Senzangakhona (c.1757–1816), Zulu chief, and a junior wife, Mpikase. He spent his early manhood under his half-brother Shaka's...

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Dinizulu [Dinuzulu] ka Cetshwayo (1868–1913), Zulu king  

John D. Omer-Cooper

Dinizulu [Dinuzulu] ka Cetshwayo (1868–1913), Zulu king, was the eldest son of Cetshwayo ka Mpande (c. 1826–1884) and his senior wife, Novimbi Msweli, and thus the heir apparent to the Zulu kingship. Aged five, in 1873 he witnessed his father's coronation by ...

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Ja Ja of Opobo [formerly Jubo Jubagha] (c. 1821–1891), merchant and king of Opobo  

John D. Hargreaves

Ja Ja of Opobo [formerly Jubo Jubagha] (c. 1821–1891), merchant and king of Opobo, was born in Amaigbo, a village in what became the Orlu division of Nigeria. Cast out from his family (apparently because of an ill-omened physical defect) he was sold as a slave to the coastal state of ...

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Cover Khama the Great (c. 1835–1923)

Khama the Great (c. 1835–1923)  

Maker: Elliott & Fry

In 

Khama the Great (c. 1835–1923) by Elliott & Fry, pubd 1902 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Khama the Great (c. 1835–1923), chief of the Ngwato  

Christopher Saunders

Khama the Great (c. 1835–1923), chief of the Ngwato, was born at Mashu in Ngwato country, in what later became Botswana. Son and heir of Sekogma I (c.1795–1883), Khama grew up in years of relative peace. In his early twenties, to his father's annoyance, he fell under the influence of an itinerant evangelist and in May 1860 was baptized a Christian. ...

Article

Labotsibeni (c. 1858–1925), queen mother and queen regent of Swaziland  

Hugh Macmillan

Labotsibeni (c. 1858–1925), queen mother and queen regent of Swaziland, was born at Luhlekweni in northern Swaziland about 1858, the daughter of Matsanjana Mdluli. At the time of her birth, her father was away fighting the people of Tsibeni in what became the ...

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Lobengula Khumalo (c. 1835–1893/4?), king of the Ndebele  

Ian Phimister

Lobengula Khumalo (c. 1835–1893/4?), king of the Ndebele, was born in Mkwahla, a tiny settlement lying between the Marico and Crocodile rivers in what later became the Transvaal. He was one of eight sons acknowledged by Mzilikazi, ruler of the Ndebele (Matabele...

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Lozikeyi (b. before 1869, d. 1919), Ndebele queen of Bulawayo  

Marieke Faber Clarke

Lozikeyi (b. before 1869, d. 1919), Ndebele queen of Bulawayo, was one of Cecil Rhodes's most effective opponents. Her father was Ngogo Dlodlo, and her mother was MaTshabalala, whose mother was Nxongo. Ngogo Dlodlo's family are said to have been kings in Zululand...

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Mapondera, Kadungure (1840s–1904), warrior chief in Africa  

Ian Phimister

Mapondera, Kadungure (1840s–1904), warrior chief in Africa, was born at Nyota, a mountain stronghold of the Negomo dynasty, in what is now northern Mashonaland, Zimbabwe. Mapondera's mother, Mwera, was a mhondwa, a slave wife, but there is no agreement as to who his father was. Some accounts favour ...

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Mwanga, Basamula Danieri (c. 1866–1903), king of Buganda  

John A. Rowe

Mwanga, Basamula Danieri (c. 1866–1903), king of Buganda, born in the royal capital at Nakawa, Kyadondo, Buganda, was the son of King Mutesa I (c.1838–1884) and Bagalayaza Abisagi of the otter clan, one of his many wives. Shortly after Mutesa's death on 10 October 1884, ...

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Sandile (c. 1820–1878), chief of the Ngqika Xhosa  

J. B. Peires

Sandile (c. 1820–1878), chief of the Ngqika Xhosa, son of Chief Ngqika and his great wife, Sutu, was born in independent Xhosa near the later Fort Beaufort in South Africa. He was installed as chief in 1842 and led the Ngqika Xhosa until his death in battle in 1878. In accordance with Xhosa custom he had several wives and many children. His great wife was ...

Article

Shaka (c. 1783–1828), king of the Zulu  

John D. Omer-Cooper

Shaka (c. 1783–1828), king of the Zulu, born possibly at Ngunga (near Melmoth), Natal, was the son of Senzangakhona (c.1757–1816), chief of the Zulu clan, and Nandi (c.1764–1827), daughter of Chief Mbhengi (or possibly of Bhebhe, his father) of the ...