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Adda (d. 565?)  

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Ælla (d. in or after 597?), king of Deira  

Rosemary Cramp

Ælla (d. in or after 597?), king of Deira, was the son of Iffa. His existence is firmly documented, although the dates of his floruit are disputed. There is archaeological evidence for the settlement of Germanic people in what is now eastern Yorkshire...

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Ælle [Ælla] (fl. late 5th cent.), king of the South Saxons  

S. E. Kelly

Ælle [Ælla] (fl. late 5th cent.), king of the South Saxons, is said by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle to have arrived in Britain in 477 with his three sons, Cymen, Wlencing, and Cissa. Their traditional landing place was at Cymenesora, a place on the ...

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Æsc (d. 512?)  

See Kent, kings of

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Æthelberht I (d. 616?), king of Kent  

S. E. Kelly

Æthelberht I (d. 616?), king of Kent, was the successor of his father, King Eormenric (550x600) [see under Kent, kings of], and a member of the Kentish royal dynasty, the Oiscingas, said to have been founded by Æsc [see under...

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Æthelfrith (d. c. 616), king of Northumbria  

Rosemary Cramp

Æthelfrith (d. c. 616), king of Northumbria, was the son of Æthelric. He succeeded to the throne of Bernicia in 592, and in 604 to the joint Northumbrian kingdom of Deira and Bernicia which he ruled until 616. His first wife was Bebba...

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See South Saxons, kings of the

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Boudicca [Boadicea] (d. ad 60/61), queen of the Iceni  

T. W. Potter

Boudicca [Boadicea] (d. ad 60/61), queen of the Iceni, popularly known as Boadicea since the eighteenth century as a result of misreading manuscripts of the works of the Roman historian Tacitus, was the wife of Prasutagus [see under Roman Britain (55 bc–ad 84)...

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Cædwalla [Ceadwalla] (c. 659–689), king of the Gewisse  

Barbara Yorke

Cædwalla [Ceadwalla] (c. 659–689), king of the Gewisse, was the son of Cenbert, who is called king by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, which records his death under 661; they were descendants of Ceawlin. Cædwalla (whose name is also spelt Ceadwalla in some sources) was probably born about 659, as the epitaph on his tomb gave his age at death as about thirty. He first appears in written records as an exiled prince who based himself in the ...

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Ceawlin (d. 593), king of the Gewisse  

Barbara Yorke

Ceawlin (d. 593), king of the Gewisse, was the son of Cynric and the third recorded ruler of the Gewisse, later known as the West Saxons. He was remembered as one of the most powerful kings of his day. The dating of his reign presents particular problems, and like that of other sixth-century West Saxon rulers seems to have been deliberately lengthened, probably when the ...

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Cenwalh (d. 672), king of the Gewisse  

Barbara Yorke

Cenwalh (d. 672), king of the Gewisse, was the son of King Cynegils, whom he succeeded in 642. Three years after his accession he was driven into exile by Penda of Mercia, because, according to Bede, he had previously repudiated his wife, Penda's...

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Ceol [Ceola, Ceolric] (d. 597), king of the Gewisse  

Barbara Yorke

Ceol [Ceola, Ceolric] (d. 597), king of the Gewisse, was the son of Cutha (probably Cuthwulf) and grandson of Cynric (6th cent.). There are problems concerning the exact form of his name. He is presumably the Ceola who appears as the father of ...

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Ceolwulf (d. 611?), king of the Gewisse  

Barbara Yorke

Ceolwulf (d. 611?), king of the Gewisse, was the son of Cutha (probably Cuthwulf), son of Cynric. He ruled in succession to his brother Ceol. The annals of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle allot him a reign of fourteen years, but the West Saxon genealogical regnal list preserves a separate tradition of a reign of seventeen years, which may simply have resulted from a confusion between the Roman numerals XIIII and XVII. In the chronicle ...

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Cerdic (fl. 6th cent.), king of the Gewisse  

Barbara Yorke

Cerdic (fl. 6th cent.), king of the Gewisse, was believed to be the founder of the ruling dynasty of the Gewisse (or West Saxons, as they subsequently became known), and so the individual from whom all kings of the West Saxons are said to have traced their descent. In the ...

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Cwichelm (d. 636), king of the Gewisse  

Barbara Yorke

Cwichelm (d. 636), king of the Gewisse, was the son of King Cynegils (d. 642) and seems to have ruled the Gewisse (or West Saxons, as they subsequently become known) with his father, perhaps from 611 and probably as a junior partner, until his death in 636. Battles involving ...

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Cynegils (d. 642), king of the Gewisse  

Barbara Yorke

Cynegils (d. 642), king of the Gewisse, was the first of the Gewissan kings to be converted to Christianity. He was probably the son of King Ceol (d. 597), as recorded in the West Saxon genealogical regnal list, but individuals of the same name appear with a different descent in genealogies in the ...

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Cynric (fl. 6th cent.), king of the Gewisse  

Barbara Yorke

Cynric (fl. 6th cent.), king of the Gewisse, was one of the founders of the royal house of the Gewisse (later known as the West Saxons) and their second recorded king. In the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle he is presented as the son of Cerdic (6th cent.)...

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Eadbald (d. 640), king of Kent  

S. E. Kelly

Eadbald (d. 640), king of Kent, was the son and successor of Æthelberht I (d. 616?), the first Anglo-Saxon king to accept Christianity, and his wife, Bertha (Ætheburgh) (b. c. 565, d. in or after 601). Eadbald was still an unbaptized pagan at the time of his accession in 616, and he scandalized ...

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Eadwine [St Eadwine, Edwin] (c. 586–633), king of Northumbria  

Rosemary Cramp

Eadwine [St Eadwine, Edwin] (c. 586–633), king of Northumbria, was the son of Ælla, king of Deira, and the fifth of the seven overkings named by Bede. His life, as recorded in vivid and detailed anecdotes by both Bede and the author of the ...

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Barbara Yorke

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See Kent, kings of