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Caratacus [Caractacus] (fl. ad 40–51), king in Britain  

Malcolm Todd

Caratacus [Caractacus] (fl. ad 40–51), king in Britain, was a son of Cunobelinus, the greatest king in Iron Age Britain. After the death of their father about ad 40, Caratacus (this form of the name is to be preferred to Caractacus) and his brother ...

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Cartimandua [Claudia Cartimandua, Julia Cartimandua] (d. after ad 69), queen of the Brigantes  

David Braund

Cartimandua [Claudia Cartimandua, Julia Cartimandua] (d. after ad 69), queen of the Brigantes, a large tribal grouping in northern Britain, was married to Venutius, with whom she quarrelled and whom she replaced after c.ad 57 with Vellocatus, his armour bearer; no offspring are known. She died after ad 69, when she lost her throne to ...

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Cassivellaunus (fl. 54 bc), king in Britain  

F. H. Thompson

Cassivellaunus (fl. 54 bc), king in Britain, has been characterized as the 'first British personality' because of his mention by Caesar (Stevens, 3). He may be described as the king of a powerful tribe in the patchwork of Celtic peoples inhabiting ...

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Cogidubnus [Cogidumnus, Tiberius Claudius Cogidubnus, Togidubnus] (fl. c. ad 47–70), king in Britain  

Malcolm Todd

Cogidubnus [Cogidumnus, Tiberius Claudius Cogidubnus, Togidubnus] (fl. c. ad 47–70), king in Britain, is mentioned only once in Roman literature, in the Agricola of Tacitus, when he is reported to have been assigned certain tribes and to have remained loyal to Rome down to the memory of the historian. The date at which the king was given these responsibilities in the newly emergent province of ...

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Commius (fl. 57–50 bc), king of the Atrebates  

Malcolm Todd

Commius (fl. 57–50 bc), king of the Atrebates, was a native of Gallia Belgica, probably of the tribe of the Atrebates, and an agent of Julius Caesar. He is first mentioned in Caesar's narrative of the Gallic wars (iv.21) after the battle on the ...

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Cunobelinus [Cymbeline] (d. c. ad 40), king in southern Britain  

Malcolm Todd

Cunobelinus [Cymbeline] (d. c. ad 40), king in southern Britain, is the Cymbeline of Holinshed's Chronicles (1578) and of Shakespeare's play. The father and predecessor of Cunobelinus, Tasciovanus (d. c. ad 10), had greatly extended the tribal kingdom of the Catuvellauni from its heartland north of the ...

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Venutius (fl. ad 51–c. 71), king in Britain  

Brian Dobson

Venutius (fl. ad 51–c. 71), king in Britain, was a man of high rank, of the tribe of the Brigantes, which during the Roman period in Britain occupied almost the whole of the area from the Humber to the line of Hadrian's Wall...

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