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Aigueblanche, Peter d' [Peter de Aqua Blanca] (d. 1268), bishop of Hereford and royal councillor  

Nicholas Vincent

Aigueblanche, Peter d' [Peter de Aqua Blanca] (d. 1268), bishop of Hereford and royal councillor, was descended from the family of Briançon, holders of the lordship of Aigueblanche (Savoie) in the Tarentaise or valley of the upper Isère, dependants of the counts of Savoy...

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Cover Aigueblanche, Peter d' (d. 1268)
Peter d' Aigueblanche (d. 1268) tomb effigy by permission of the Dean and Chapter of Hereford Cathedral

Article

Aubigny, Philip d' [Philip Daubeney] (d. 1236), knight and royal councillor  

Nicholas Vincent

Aubigny, Philip d' [Philip Daubeney] (d. 1236), knight and royal councillor, was a member of a junior branch of the family of d'Aubigny, native to St Aubin-d'Aubigné (Ille-et-Vilaine), north of Rennes in Brittany, whose senior branch had acquired the English honour of Belvoir...

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Barking, Richard of (d. 1246), abbot of Westminster and royal councillor  

Nicholas Vincent

Barking, Richard of (d. 1246), abbot of Westminster and royal councillor, was presumably a native of Barking in Essex. His mother, Lucy, was commemorated by an obit celebration at Westminster, and can probably be identified as Lucy, widow of Richard of Barking, who gave the abbey land at ...

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Benedict [Benedict of Peterborough] (c. 1135–1193), abbot of Peterborough and royal councillor  

Edmund King

Benedict [Benedict of Peterborough] (c. 1135–1193), abbot of Peterborough and royal councillor, is first recorded at the event that shaped his life, as an eyewitness to the murder of Thomas Becket in his cathedral church at Canterbury on 29 December 1170. A monk of ...

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Bradeston, Thomas, Lord Bradeston (d. 1360), soldier and royal councillor  

Nigel Saul

Bradeston, Thomas, Lord Bradeston (d. 1360), soldier and royal councillor, was probably the son of Robert de Bradeston, a minor landowner of Breadstone, Gloucestershire. The Bradestons were close allies of the Berkeleys of Berkeley Castle, their near neighbours, and Thomas probably began his career in the ...

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Cover Catesby, William (b. in or before 1446, d. 1485)
William Catesby (b. in or before 1446, d. 1485) memorial brass, c. 1506 [with his wife, Margaret] reproduced by courtesy of H. M. Stutchfield, F.S.A., Hon. Secretary of the Monumental Brass Society

Article

Catesby, William (b. in or before 1446, d. 1485), royal councillor and speaker of the House of Commons  

Rosemary Horrox

Catesby, William (b. in or before 1446, d. 1485), royal councillor and speaker of the House of Commons, was the son of Sir William Catesby (d. 1478/9) of Ashby St Ledgers [see under Catesby family] and his first wife, Philippa Bishopestone...

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Cover Cecil, William, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598)

Cecil, William, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

William Cecil, first Baron Burghley (1520/2121–1598) by unknown artist © Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

Article

Cecil, William, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), royal minister  

Wallace T. MacCaffrey

Cecil, William, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), royal minister, son of Richard Cecil (d. 1553) and Jane, daughter of William Heckington of Bourne, Lincolnshire, and grandson of David Cecil, was born on 18 September 1520 or 1521. David Cecil, a member of a minor gentry family on the Welsh border, joined ...

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Cromwell, Thomas, earl of Essex (b. in or before 1485, d. 1540), royal minister  

Howard Leithead

Cromwell, Thomas, earl of Essex (b. in or before 1485, d. 1540), royal minister, was the son of Walter Cromwell of Putney, Surrey, who made his name there as a blacksmith, fuller, and cloth merchant, as well as the owner of both a hostelry and a brewery. All that is known of his mother is that she was the aunt of ...

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Cover Cromwell, Thomas, earl of Essex (b. in or before 1485, d. 1540)

Cromwell, Thomas, earl of Essex (b. in or before 1485, d. 1540)  

Maker: Hans Holbein the younger

In 

Thomas Cromwell, earl of Essex (b. in or before 1485, d. 1540) Hans Holbein the younger, c. 1533–4 © The Frick Collection, New York

Article

Croxley [Crokesley], Richard of (d. 1258), abbot of Westminster and royal councillor  

Nicholas Vincent

Croxley [Crokesley], Richard of (d. 1258), abbot of Westminster and royal councillor, was probably a native of Croxley in Hertfordshire. He first appears as a monk of Westminster in the late 1230s, as the abbey's proctor to the papal curia. In 1242 he escorted a relic of the Virgin's girdle to the king and queen in ...

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Devereux, John, Baron Devereux (d. 1393), soldier and royal councillor  

Carole Rawcliffe

Devereux, John, Baron Devereux (d. 1393), soldier and royal councillor, of Dinton, Buckinghamshire, was reputedly a younger son of William Devereux of Bodenham, Herefordshire, but his background remains obscure. The foundations of his reputation for military prowess were already laid before 1366 (by when he was certainly a knight), the year he was recruited by the great Breton commander ...

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Doreward, John (d. 1420), speaker of the House of Commons and royal councillor  

Linda Clark

Doreward, John (d. 1420), speaker of the House of Commons and royal councillor, inherited estates from his parents, William Doreward and Joan, daughter and heir of John Oliver of Stanway. Situated mainly in eastern Essex and focused on Bocking, they were estimated in 1412 to be worth ...

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Englefield, Sir Thomas (1455–1514), royal councillor and speaker of the House of Commons  

Michael Riordan

Englefield, Sir Thomas (1455–1514), royal councillor and speaker of the House of Commons, was almost certainly born in Englefield, Berkshire, which his family had held since the twelfth century. He was apparently the only son of John Englefield (d. 1465) and Jane...

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Fitzalan, Richard, third earl of Arundel and eighth earl of Surrey (c. 1313–1376), soldier, diplomat, and royal councillor  

C. Given-Wilson

Fitzalan, Richard, third earl of Arundel and eighth earl of Surrey (c. 1313–1376), soldier, diplomat, and royal councillor, known as ‘Copped Hat’, was the son of Edmund Fitzalan, second earl of Arundel (1285–1326), and Alice, sister of John de Warenne, seventh earl of Surrey...

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Grey [Gray], Sir John de (d. 1266), royal councillor  

Nicholas Vincent

Grey [Gray], Sir John de (d. 1266), royal councillor, was a younger son of Henry de Grey (d. 1219) and Isolde Bardolph (d. 1246), a Kentish heiress. From his father Grey inherited the manor of Shirland in Derbyshire, but most of his lands came to him later, from the crown and by marriage, in particular from his wife, ...

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Ingham, Oliver, Lord Ingham (c. 1287–1344), soldier and seneschal of Aquitaine  

Malcolm Vale

Ingham, Oliver, Lord Ingham (c. 1287–1344), soldier and seneschal of Aquitaine, was son and heir of Sir John Ingham (1260–1309), of Ingham, Norfolk, and his wife, Margery. His father served in Edward I's Scottish wars and he was himself summoned for military service in ...

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Lovel, Philip (d. 1258), administrator and royal councillor  

Nicholas Vincent

Lovel, Philip (d. 1258), administrator and royal councillor, was a kinsman of the Lovels of Minster Lovell in Oxfordshire, perhaps a younger son of William Lovel (d. 1213); the kinship is proved by the fact that the manor of Snorscomb, Northamptonshire, in ...