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Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier  

G. L. Harriss

Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier, was the youngest of the three illegitimate sons of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, and Katherine Swynford [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster]. His brothers were John Beaufort and Henry Beaufort...

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Bermingham, John, earl of Louth (c. 1290–1329), magnate and justiciar of Ireland  

Robin Frame

Bermingham, John, earl of Louth (c. 1290–1329), magnate and justiciar of Ireland, was the eldest of at least four legitimate sons of Peter Bermingham of Tethmoy (d. 1308) and Ela, one of four daughters and coheirs of William de Odingsells of Maxstoke, Warwickshire...

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Butler, James, second earl of Ormond (1331–1382), magnate and justiciar of Ireland  

Robin Frame

Butler, James, second earl of Ormond (1331–1382), magnate and justiciar of Ireland, was the only surviving son of James Butler, the first earl of Ormond (c. 1305–1338), and his wife, Eleanor de Bohun (d. 1363), a granddaughter of Edward I. His kinship to ...

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Butler, James, third earl of Ormond (c. 1360–1405), magnate and justiciar of Ireland  

C. A. Empey

Butler, James, third earl of Ormond (c. 1360–1405), magnate and justiciar of Ireland, was the son of James Butler, second earl of Ormond (1331–1382), and Elizabeth (d. 1390), daughter of Sir John Darcy. He was about twenty-three when he was granted custody of his lands on 2 March 1383. As head of a great lordship centred on ...

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Butler, Piers [called Red Piers], first earl of Ossory and eighth earl of Ormond (b. in or after 1467, d. 1539), magnate and lord deputy of Ireland  

David Finnegan

Butler, Piers [called Red Piers], first earl of Ossory and eighth earl of Ormond (b. in or after 1467, d. 1539), magnate and lord deputy of Ireland, was born after May 1467, at Pottlerath, co. Kilkenny (or possibly at Kilkenny), the third son of ...

Article

Campbell, Archibald, fifth earl of Argyll (1538–1573), magnate and protestant reformer  

Jane E. A. Dawson

Campbell, Archibald, fifth earl of Argyll (1538–1573), magnate and protestant reformer, was the eldest son of Archibald Campbell, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), and his first wife, Lady Helen Hamilton (d. in or before 1541), daughter of the first earl of Arran...

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Campbell, Colin, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), magnate  

Jane E. A. Dawson

Campbell, Colin, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), magnate, was the second son of Archibald Campbell, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), and his second wife, Lady Margaret Graham (d. in or before 1545), daughter of the third earl of Menteith. Following Gaelic tradition he was probably fostered with his maternal kin, thereby acquiring the name ...

Article

Campbell [McGillespic], Colin, first earl of Argyll (d. 1493), magnate  

Michael A. Penman

Campbell [McGillespic], Colin, first earl of Argyll (d. 1493), magnate, was the only son of Gillespic Campbell, first son of Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochawe (created Lord Campbell in 1445) [see under Campbell family (per. c. 1300-1453)]; Colin's mother was Gillespic's...

Article

Douglas, Archibald [nicknamed Bell-the-Cat], fifth earl of Angus (c. 1449–1513), magnate and rebel  

Norman Macdougall

Douglas, Archibald [nicknamed Bell-the-Cat], fifth earl of Angus (c. 1449–1513), magnate and rebel, was the elder of the two sons of George Douglas, fourth earl of Angus (c. 1417–1463), and his wife, Isabel, daughter of Sir John Sibbald of Balgonie in Fife...

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Douglas, Archibald, sixth earl of Angus (c. 1489–1557), magnate and lord chancellor of Scotland  

Marcus Merriman

Douglas, Archibald, sixth earl of Angus (c. 1489–1557), magnate and lord chancellor of Scotland, was the eldest son of George Douglas, master of Angus (c.1469–1513), and his wife, Elizabeth, widow of Sir David Fleming of Monycabo and daughter of John Drummond, ...

Article

Fitzgerald, Maurice fitz Thomas, first earl of Desmond (c. 1293–1356), magnate and justiciar of Ireland  

Robin Frame

Fitzgerald, Maurice fitz Thomas, first earl of Desmond (c. 1293–1356), magnate and justiciar of Ireland, was a younger son of Thomas fitz Maurice Fitzgerald (d. 1298), lord of Desmond and justiciar of Ireland, and Margaret, daughter of Thomas Berkeley of Berkeley Castle...

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Fitzgerald, Maurice fitz Thomas, fourth earl of Kildare (c. 1322–1390), magnate and justiciar of Ireland  

Robin Frame

Fitzgerald, Maurice fitz Thomas, fourth earl of Kildare (c. 1322–1390), magnate and justiciar of Ireland, was the youngest of three sons of Thomas fitz John Fitzgerald, the second earl (d. 1328), and his wife, Joan (d. 1359), a daughter of Richard de Burgh, ...

Article

Gordon, George, fifth earl of Huntly (d. 1576), magnate  

Allan White

Gordon, George, fifth earl of Huntly (d. 1576), magnate, was the second, but eldest surviving, son and heir of George Gordon, fourth earl of Huntly (1513–1562), and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Keith. Perhaps because he was a younger son little is known of his early life before 18 January 1554, when he was contracted to marry ...

Article

Gordon [formerly Seton], George, second earl of Huntly (1440/41–1501), magnate  

Norman Macdougall

Gordon [formerly Seton], George, second earl of Huntly (1440/41–1501), magnate, was the eldest son of Alexander Seton, first earl of Huntly (d. 1470), and his second wife, Elizabeth Crichton, daughter of the then chancellor, Sir William Crichton (d. 1454); they married shortly before 18 March 1440. ...

Article

Gordon, George, fourth earl of Huntly (1513–1562), magnate  

Allan White

Gordon, George, fourth earl of Huntly (1513–1562), magnate, was the eldest son of John Gordon, master of Huntly (d. 1517), and Margaret, illegitimate daughter of King James IV and Margaret Drummond. He succeeded his grandfather Alexander Gordon, the third earl, in 1524; his wardship was given to ...

Article

Graham, John, third earl of Montrose (1548–1608), magnate and lord chancellor of Scotland  

Rob Macpherson

Graham, John, third earl of Montrose (1548–1608), magnate and lord chancellor of Scotland, was the posthumous son of Robert Graham, master of Graham (c.1518–1547), and his wife, Margaret Fleming (d. 1584×7), daughter of Malcolm, third Lord Fleming. His father, who was killed at the battle of ...

Article

Hamilton, James, second earl of Arran, and duke of Châtelherault in the French nobility (c. 1519–1575), magnate and governor of Scotland  

Marcus Merriman

Hamilton, James, second earl of Arran, and duke of Châtelherault in the French nobility (c. 1519–1575), magnate and governor of Scotland, was born at Hamilton, Lanarkshire, the eldest son of James Hamilton, first earl of Arran (1475?–1529), and his second wife, Janet Beaton (...

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Cover Hamilton, James, second earl of Arran, and duke of Châtelherault in the French nobility (c. 1519–1575)

Hamilton, James, second earl of Arran, and duke of Châtelherault in the French nobility (c. 1519–1575)  

Maker: Arnold Bronckorst

In 

James Hamilton, second earl of Arran, and duke of Châtelherault in the French nobility (c. 1519–1575) attrib. Arnold Bronckorst, 1578 in the collection of Lennoxlove House; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Neville, Richard, fifth earl of Salisbury (1400–1460), magnate  

A. J. Pollard

Neville, Richard, fifth earl of Salisbury (1400–1460), magnate, was the eldest son of Ralph Neville, first earl of Westmorland (c. 1364–1425), and his second wife, Joan Beaufort (d. 1440), daughter of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster. He was thus the nephew of ...

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Robert [Robert de Beaumont], second earl of Leicester (1104–1168), magnate and justiciar  

David Crouch

Robert [Robert de Beaumont], second earl of Leicester (1104–1168), magnate and justiciar, was the son of Robert de Beaumont, count of Meulan and earl of Leicester (d. 1118), and Isabel (d. 1147), daughter of Hugues, count of Vermandois. Robert was born one of twins, according to ...