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Alexander Cruden (1699–1770) by Thomas Trotter, pubd 1785 (after Thomas Frye) © National Portrait Gallery, London


Cruden, Alexander (1699–1770), biblical scholar and eccentric, was born in Aberdeen on 31 May 1699, the second of eleven children of William Cruden (d. 1739), a prominent merchant and bailie in the city, and his wife, Isabel Pyper (d. 1740). He was educated in ...


Rolle, Richard (1305x10–1349), hermit and religious author, was born in Thornton Dale in the North Riding of Yorkshire, the son of William Rolle, a prosperous but landless yeoman.

The course of Rolle's life is known almost entirely from autobiographical references in his own writings and from the biographical office compiled by the ...


Whale, John Seldon (1896–1997), United Reformed minister and theologian, was born at Mevagissey, Cornwall, on 19 December 1896, the son of the Revd John Whale (1863–1916), who in 1901 ceased to be a hired local preacher among the Free Methodists and entered the Congregational ministry. His mother was ...