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Balfour [née Campbell], Lady Frances (1858–1931), suffragist leader and churchwoman  

Joan B. Huffman

Balfour [née Campbell], Lady Frances (1858–1931), suffragist leader and churchwoman, was born at Argyll Lodge, Kensington, London, on 22 February 1858, the fifth daughter and tenth of twelve children of George Douglas Campbell, eighth duke of Argyll (1823–1900), and his first wife, ...

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Cover Balfour, Lady Frances (1858–1931)

Balfour, Lady Frances (1858–1931)  

Maker: Bassano

In 

Lady Frances Balfour (1858–1931) by Bassano, 1919 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Barr, James (1862–1949), minister of the United Free Church of Scotland and politician  

James J. Smyth

Barr, James (1862–1949), minister of the United Free Church of Scotland and politician, was born on 26 July 1862 at Beanscroft Farm in the parish of Fenwick, Ayrshire, the eldest of eight children born to Allan Barr, farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth Brown...

Article

Brewster, Patrick (1788–1859), Church of Scotland minister and political activist  

Rosemary Mitchell

Brewster, Patrick (1788–1859), Church of Scotland minister and political activist, was born at Jedburgh on 20 December 1788, the youngest of the four sons of James Brewster (c.1735–1815), rector of Jedburgh grammar school, and his wife, Margaret Key (1753–1790). He was the younger brother of ...

Article

Burnet [née Kennedy], Lady Margaret (d. 1685), religious and political adviser  

Martin Greig

Burnet [née Kennedy], Lady Margaret (d. 1685), religious and political adviser, was the eldest daughter of John Kennedy, sixth earl of Cassillis (1601x7–1668), and his first wife, Lady Jean Hamilton (1607–1642). Known as 'the grave and solemn Earl', John Kennedy...

Article

Cameron, John (1725–1799), minister of the Presbyterian General Synod of Ulster  

Alexander Gordon

revised by M. J. Mercer

Cameron, John (1725–1799), minister of the Presbyterian General Synod of Ulster, was born near Edinburgh. He was apprenticed to an Edinburgh bookseller and afterwards studied at Edinburgh University, where he was awarded the degree of MA. He belonged to the Reformed Presbyterians or ‘covenanters’ and was admitted as a probationer to that body....

Article

Cargill, Donald [Daniel] (c. 1627–1681), field preacher and insurgent  

John Callow

Cargill, Donald [Daniel] (c. 1627–1681), field preacher and insurgent, was born at the farmhouse of Nether Cloquhat, Perthshire, the son of Lawrence Cargill (d. 1657), smallholder of Nether Cloquhat, and later notary at Rattray, and his wife, Marjory Blair. Initially destined for a career in the law ...

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Cover Carstares, William (1649–1715)

Carstares, William (1649–1715)  

Maker: William Aikman

In 

William Carstares (1649–1715) by William Aikman, c. 1712 courtesy of the University of Edinburgh's Collections

Article

Carstares [Carstairs], William (1649–1715), Church of Scotland minister and political adviser  

Tristram Clarke

Carstares [Carstairs], William (1649–1715), Church of Scotland minister and political adviser, was born on 11 February 1649 at Cathcart, near Glasgow, the eldest child of John Carstairs (1623–1686), the parish minister, and his wife, Janet (1625–1685), daughter of William Mure of Glanderston.

Article

Dickson, William Steel (1744–1824), minister of the Presbyterian General Synod of Ulster and political radical  

W. D. Bailie

Dickson, William Steel (1744–1824), minister of the Presbyterian General Synod of Ulster and political radical, was born William Dickson on Christmas day 1744, the eldest son of John Dickson, farmer, and his wife, Jane Steel, at Ballycraigy, in the parish of Carnmoney, co. Antrim...

Article

Henderson, Alexander (c. 1583–1646), Church of Scotland minister and politician  

John Coffey

Henderson, Alexander (c. 1583–1646), Church of Scotland minister and politician, was born about 1583 in Criech, Fife, probably in or near the village of Luthrie, since he left 2000 merks to the village school in his will. He was possibly the son of ...

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Cover Henderson, Alexander (c. 1583–1646)

Henderson, Alexander (c. 1583–1646)  

Maker: Sir Anthony Van Dyck

In 

Alexander Henderson (c. 1583–1646) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, c. 1641 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Lang, John Dunmore (1799–1878), Presbyterian minister and politician in Australia  

D. W. A. Baker

Lang, John Dunmore (1799–1878), Presbyterian minister and politician in Australia, was born on 25 August 1799 at Greenock, Renfrewshire, the eldest of the four children of William Lang (1768?–1830), a small landowner, and Mary Dunmore (1770–1844). He was educated for the ministry at the ...

Article

Mitchell, James (d. 1678), presbyterian preacher and insurgent  

John Coffey

Mitchell, James (d. 1678), presbyterian preacher and insurgent, was born and raised in Edinburghshire. He studied at Edinburgh University under the theologian David Dickson and graduated on 9 July 1656. During the 1650s he adhered to the militant wing of the Scottish covenanters, the remonstrants, but his clerical career was less than distinguished, perhaps because he was '...

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Cover Smyth, Richard (1826–1878)

Smyth, Richard (1826–1878)  

Maker: unknown engraver

In 

Richard Smyth (1826–1878) by unknown engraver, pubd 1874 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Smyth, Richard (1826–1878), minister of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland and politician  

G. C. Boase

revised by Finlay Holmes

Smyth, Richard (1826–1878), minister of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland and politician, the son of Hugh Smyth, a farmer, of Carncullogh, near Dervock, co. Antrim, and his wife, Sarah Anne Wray, was born at Carncullogh on 4 October 1826. As a child he suffered from rheumatic fever. He was educated locally and at the ...

Article

Taylor, James (1813–1892), minister of the United Presbyterian church, civil servant, and historian  

T. B. Johnstone

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Taylor, James (1813–1892), minister of the United Presbyterian church, civil servant, and historian, was born in Greenlaw, Berwickshire, on 18 March 1813, the son of Alexander Taylor, farmer, and his wife Violet, née Pringle. From the parochial school of his native district he passed to the ...

Article

Walker, Horace (1910–1994), Church of Scotland minister and administrator  

R. D. Kernohan

Walker, Horace (1910–1994), Church of Scotland minister and administrator, was born on 16 August 1910 in Aberdeen, the youngest of five children of William Telfer Walker (c.1865–c.1937), a sales representative, and his wife, Sarah Jackson (c.1867–1949). From ...

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Cover Wallace, Robert (1831–1899)

Wallace, Robert (1831–1899)  

Maker: Sir Benjamin Stone

In 

Robert Wallace (1831–1899) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1898 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Wallace, Robert (1831–1899), Church of Scotland minister and politician  

J. R. MacDonald

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Wallace, Robert (1831–1899), Church of Scotland minister and politician, second son of Jasper Wallace, master gardener, was born at Kincaple near Cupar, Fife, on 24 June 1831. His mother claimed to be the illegitimate daughter of a peer, according to Wallace's autobiography. In his home he was taught a strict Calvinism. He was educated at the ...