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Beazley, Samuel (1786–1851), architect and playwright, was born in Parliament Street, Westminster, the son of an army accoutrement maker. He trained in the office of his uncle Charles Beazley (c.1760–1829) and went on to become the leading theatre architect of his time and the first notable English expert in this field. His life was not, however, that of a single-minded specialist. ...

Article

Benson, William (bap. 1682, d. 1754), politician, architect, and literary critic, was baptized on 17 March 1682 at St Leonard's Church, Bromley by Bow, Middlesex; he was the eldest of fourteen children of William Benson (1640/41–1712), a wealthy iron merchant of Bromley by Bow...

Article

W. E. A. Axon

revised by Sarah Couper

Castillo, John (1792–1845), stonemason, poet, and preacher, was born at Rathfarnham, near Dublin. When he was two or three years old his parents, who were Roman Catholics, emigrated to England, and on the voyage were shipwrecked off the Isle of Man. They settled in the hamlet of ...

Article

Chute, John (1701–1776), architect and connoisseur of the arts and literature, was born on 30 December 1701, the youngest in the family of five sons and five daughters of Edward Chute (1658–1722) of The Vyne, Sherborne, Hampshire, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of the lawyer ...

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George Godwin (1813–1888) by Ernest Edwards, pubd 1865 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

G. B. Smith

revised by Ruth Richardson and Robert Thorne

Godwin, George (1813–1888), architect and journal editor, was born in Brompton Terrace, Kensington, London, on 28 January 1813, one of nine children of George Godwin senior (1780–1863) and his wife, Mary Anne (1790–1872). His father was an architect and surveyor who played a significant role in the development of ...

Article

Jones, John [pseud. Talhaiarn] (1810–1869), poet and architect, was born on 19 January 1810 at The Harp, an inn kept by his parents, John Jones (d. 1832), a carpenter and smallholder, and his wife, Gwen, née Williams (d. c.1857)...

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Owen Jones (1809–1874) by Henry Wyndham Phillips, 1856 RIBA Library Photographs Collection

Article

Jones, Owen (1809–1874), architect, printer, and designer, was born on 15 February 1809 at 148 Thames Street, London, the second of the three children of Owen Jones (1741–1814) and his wife, Hannah Jane (1772/3–1838). His father was a furrier and a distinguished Welsh antiquary. ...

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Maker: Arthur James Knowles

Sir James Thomas Knowles (1831–1908) by Arthur James Knowles, c. 1903 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Knowles, Sir James Thomas (1831–1908), journal editor and architect, born at Reigate, Surrey, on 13 October 1831, was the eldest child in the family of two sons and three daughters of James Thomas Knowles (1806–1884), architect, and his wife, Susannah (1810–1876), daughter of ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Alexander Du Toit

Lediard, Thomas (1685–1743), writer and surveyor, was probably born in Cirencester, Gloucestershire; details of his parents are unknown. He states that he was attached at different times to the staff of the first duke of Marlborough, and especially in 1707, on the occasion of the duke's visit to ...

Article

D. J. O'Donoghue

revised by Katherine Mullin

MacDermott, Martin (1823–1905), poet and architect, was born of Roman Catholic parents at 8 Ormond Quay, Dublin, on 8 April 1823. His father, John MacDermott (1785–1842), was a merchant; his mother, Amelie Therese Boshell, was of French descent. He was educated as a Catholic in ...

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Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin (1812–1852) by John Rogers Herbert, 1845 RIBA Library Photographs Collection

Article

Pugin, Augustus Welby Northmore (1812–1852), architect, writer, and designer, was born on 1 March 1812 at 39 Keppel Street, Russell Square, London, the only child of Auguste Charles Pugin (1768/9–1832), architect, and Catherine Welby (c.1772–1833).

Article

Robertson [née Lewis], Doris Adeney, Lady Robertson, (1899–1981), architect, interior designer, and writer, was born in the suburb of Kew, Melbourne, Australia, on 8 March 1899, the daughter of John Reynolds Lewis, an agent and manufacturer, and his wife, Sarah Jane Agnes, ...

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Lanning Roper (1912–1983) by Valerie Finnis © Valerie Finnis; collection Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library

Article

Roper, Lanning (1912–1983), landscape gardener and journalist, was born on 4 February 1912 at West Orange, New Jersey, USA, the youngest of the three sons of Willet Crosby Roper (1877–1966), a banker, and his wife, Florence Emeline Eveleth (1874–1961). He had a happy and well-regulated childhood in ...

Article

Scott, Geoffrey (1884–1929), writer and architect, was born on 15 June 1884 in Hampstead, London, the fourth son and the youngest of seven children of Russell Scott (1837–1908) and his wife, Jessie Thurburn (1844–1921); he was the nephew of Charles Prestwich Scott, the distinguished editor of the ...

Article

Switzer, Stephen (bap. 1682, d. 1745), landscape designer and author, was baptized on 25 February 1682 at Micheldever and Stratton parish church, Hampshire, the second of two sons of Thomas Switzer (d. 1697), farmer, and his wife, Mary, née Hapgood (d...