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Archibald (d. 1198), administrator and abbot of Dunfermline  

W. W. Scott

Archibald (d. 1198), administrator and abbot of Dunfermline, was of unknown origins. He became abbot in 1178 or 1179, and soon after his appointment witnessed two acta of King William the Lion (r. 1165–1214), one being the foundation grant for the king's major new abbey at ...

Article

Barking, Richard of (d. 1246), abbot of Westminster and royal councillor  

Nicholas Vincent

Barking, Richard of (d. 1246), abbot of Westminster and royal councillor, was presumably a native of Barking in Essex. His mother, Lucy, was commemorated by an obit celebration at Westminster, and can probably be identified as Lucy, widow of Richard of Barking, who gave the abbey land at ...

Article

Benedict [Benedict of Peterborough] (c. 1135–1193), abbot of Peterborough and royal councillor  

Edmund King

Benedict [Benedict of Peterborough] (c. 1135–1193), abbot of Peterborough and royal councillor, is first recorded at the event that shaped his life, as an eyewitness to the murder of Thomas Becket in his cathedral church at Canterbury on 29 December 1170. A monk of ...

Article

Bolebec, Isabel de, countess of Oxford (c. 1164–1245), magnate and monastic patron  

RaGena C. DeAragon

Bolebec, Isabel de, countess of Oxford (c. 1164–1245), magnate and monastic patron, was the eldest daughter of Hugh de Bolebec (d. c.1165), lord of Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire, and a patron of the order of Friars Preacher in England. She appears first in the records as the widow of ...

Article

Caux [Caleto], John de (c. 1205–1263), administrator and abbot of Peterborough  

Edmund King

Caux [Caleto], John de (c. 1205–1263), administrator and abbot of Peterborough, is said by Matthew Paris to have been of Norman birth, and the Peterborough chronicler Walter of Whittlesey confirms this, stating that John de Caux was professed in a Norman house at the age of seven, and thereafter went to ...

Article

Croxley [Crokesley], Richard of (d. 1258), abbot of Westminster and royal councillor  

Nicholas Vincent

Croxley [Crokesley], Richard of (d. 1258), abbot of Westminster and royal councillor, was probably a native of Croxley in Hertfordshire. He first appears as a monk of Westminster in the late 1230s, as the abbey's proctor to the papal curia. In 1242 he escorted a relic of the Virgin's girdle to the king and queen in ...

Article

Docwra, Sir Thomas (d. 1527), prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England and diplomat  

Andrew A. Chibi

Docwra, Sir Thomas (d. 1527), prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England and diplomat, was descended from the Westmorland family of Docwra of Docwra Hall, Kendal, belonging to a cadet branch which had settled in Hertfordshire. His father, Richard Docwra...

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Ela, suo jure countess of Salisbury (b. in or after 1190, d. 1261), magnate and abbess  

Jennifer C. Ward

Ela, suo jure countess of Salisbury (b. in or after 1190, d. 1261), magnate and abbess, was the daughter of William, earl of Salisbury, and his wife, Eleanor de Vitré. Her father died in 1196, leaving her as his heir, and Richard I...

Article

Hales, Sir Robert (d. 1381), administrator and prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England  

Jürgen Sarnowsky

Hales, Sir Robert (d. 1381), administrator and prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England, may have come from a Lincolnshire or Norfolk family. He probably began his career at Rhodes, where he had become preceptor of Sanford and Slebech...

Article

Hepburn, John (c. 1460–1525), prior of St Andrews and administrator  

J. H. Burns

Hepburn, John (c. 1460–1525), prior of St Andrews and administrator, was the fourth son of Patrick Hepburn, first Lord Hailes (c.1412–1482/3), and possibly his second wife, Ellen Wallace (fl. 1440–1480). He may have been born at the family home of ...

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Kendall, John (d. 1501), administrator and prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England  

Jürgen Sarnowsky

Kendall, John (d. 1501), administrator and prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England, probably born into a Norfolk or Yorkshire family, entered the order of the knights of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem at an early age. He began his career in the convent on ...

Article

Keninghale, John (d. 1451), theologian, prior of Norwich, and diplomat  

Richard Copsey

Keninghale, John (d. 1451), theologian, prior of Norwich, and diplomat, was born near Norwich and joined the Carmelite order there. He was ordained acolyte on 8 March 1407, and later studied at Oxford University, where he graduated DTh some time before 1425. As a young theologian, he was a confidant of ...

Article

Kenleith [Keldeleth], Robert (d. 1273), chancellor of Scotland and abbot of Melrose  

James Tait

revised by Norman H. Reid

Kenleith [Keldeleth], Robert (d. 1273), chancellor of Scotland and abbot of Melrose, was a monk of the Benedictine abbey of Dunfermline and became its abbot in 1240. His name was probably derived from Kinleith in Currie (Midlothian). Wyntoun includes 'Robert of Kydeleth...

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Langstrother [Longstrother], Sir John (d. 1471), administrator and prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England  

R. A. Griffiths

Langstrother [Longstrother], Sir John (d. 1471), administrator and prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England, seemingly came of a well-to-do northern family, several members of which were buried in St John's Hospital, Clerkenwell. Preceptor of the order's estate at ...

Article

Outlaw, Roger (d. 1341), prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ireland and administrator  

Philomena Connolly

Outlaw, Roger (d. 1341), prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ireland and administrator, belonged to a wealthy Kilkenny family. He is first mentioned as prior of the hospital in Kilmainham in August 1317 but had probably held the office for some time before that date. In 1330 the order's general chapter at ...

Article

Rawson, John, Viscount Clontarff (1470?–1547?), prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ireland and administrator  

Mary Ann Lyons

Rawson, John, Viscount Clontarff (1470?–1547?), prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ireland and administrator, was descended from a family long established at Water Fryston in Yorkshire. His father, Richard Rawson, was an alderman of London in 1476–7, senior warden of the ...

Article

Richardson, Robert (d. 1578), prior of St Mary's Isle and administrator  

Athol Murray

Richardson, Robert (d. 1578), prior of St Mary's Isle and administrator, was the son of Robert Richardson, burgess of Jedburgh (d. c.1556). The historian George Crawfurd asserts that he was descended 'of a stock of ancient and opulent burgesses of ...

Article

Schipton, John of (d. 1256), administrator and prior of Newburgh  

Robert C. Stacey

Schipton, John of (d. 1256), administrator and prior of Newburgh, may have taken his name from Skipton-on-Swale in the North Riding of Yorkshire. Having become a canon of the Augustinian house of Newburgh, also in the North Riding of Yorkshire, he entered royal service as chaplain to ...

Article

Shelley, Sir Richard (c. 1513–1587), diplomat and prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England  

Michael Mullett

Shelley, Sir Richard (c. 1513–1587), diplomat and prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England, was the second son of the judge Sir William Shelley (1478/9–1549) and Alice Belknap (d. 1536), both of Sussex. Richard Shelley followed others of his family by joining the knights of ...

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Cover Shelley, Sir Richard (c. 1513–1587)

Shelley, Sir Richard (c. 1513–1587)  

Maker: Bernardo Rantvic

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Sir Richard Shelley (c. 1513–1587) by Bernardo Rantvic, 1577 © Copyright The British Museum