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Archibald (d. 1198), administrator and abbot of Dunfermline  

W. W. Scott

Archibald (d. 1198), administrator and abbot of Dunfermline, was of unknown origins. He became abbot in 1178 or 1179, and soon after his appointment witnessed two acta of King William the Lion (r. 1165–1214), one being the foundation grant for the king's major new abbey at ...

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Barking, Richard of (d. 1246), abbot of Westminster and royal councillor  

Nicholas Vincent

Barking, Richard of (d. 1246), abbot of Westminster and royal councillor, was presumably a native of Barking in Essex. His mother, Lucy, was commemorated by an obit celebration at Westminster, and can probably be identified as Lucy, widow of Richard of Barking, who gave the abbey land at ...

Article

Benedict [Benedict of Peterborough] (c. 1135–1193), abbot of Peterborough and royal councillor  

Edmund King

Benedict [Benedict of Peterborough] (c. 1135–1193), abbot of Peterborough and royal councillor, is first recorded at the event that shaped his life, as an eyewitness to the murder of Thomas Becket in his cathedral church at Canterbury on 29 December 1170. A monk of ...

Article

Bolebec, Isabel de, countess of Oxford (c. 1164–1245), magnate and monastic patron  

RaGena C. DeAragon

Bolebec, Isabel de, countess of Oxford (c. 1164–1245), magnate and monastic patron, was the eldest daughter of Hugh de Bolebec (d. c.1165), lord of Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire, and a patron of the order of Friars Preacher in England. She appears first in the records as the widow of ...

Article

Caux [Caleto], John de (c. 1205–1263), administrator and abbot of Peterborough  

Edmund King

Caux [Caleto], John de (c. 1205–1263), administrator and abbot of Peterborough, is said by Matthew Paris to have been of Norman birth, and the Peterborough chronicler Walter of Whittlesey confirms this, stating that John de Caux was professed in a Norman house at the age of seven, and thereafter went to ...

Article

Croxley [Crokesley], Richard of (d. 1258), abbot of Westminster and royal councillor  

Nicholas Vincent

Croxley [Crokesley], Richard of (d. 1258), abbot of Westminster and royal councillor, was probably a native of Croxley in Hertfordshire. He first appears as a monk of Westminster in the late 1230s, as the abbey's proctor to the papal curia. In 1242 he escorted a relic of the Virgin's girdle to the king and queen in ...

Article

Docwra, Sir Thomas (d. 1527), prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England and diplomat  

Andrew A. Chibi

Docwra, Sir Thomas (d. 1527), prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England and diplomat, was descended from the Westmorland family of Docwra of Docwra Hall, Kendal, belonging to a cadet branch which had settled in Hertfordshire. His father, Richard Docwra...

Article

Ela, suo jure countess of Salisbury (b. in or after 1190, d. 1261), magnate and abbess  

Jennifer C. Ward

Ela, suo jure countess of Salisbury (b. in or after 1190, d. 1261), magnate and abbess, was the daughter of William, earl of Salisbury, and his wife, Eleanor de Vitré. Her father died in 1196, leaving her as his heir, and Richard I...

Article

Hales, Sir Robert (d. 1381), administrator and prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England  

Jürgen Sarnowsky

Hales, Sir Robert (d. 1381), administrator and prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England, may have come from a Lincolnshire or Norfolk family. He probably began his career at Rhodes, where he had become preceptor of Sanford and Slebech...

Article

Hepburn, John (c. 1460–1525), prior of St Andrews and administrator  

J. H. Burns

Hepburn, John (c. 1460–1525), prior of St Andrews and administrator, was the fourth son of Patrick Hepburn, first Lord Hailes (c.1412–1482/3), and possibly his second wife, Ellen Wallace (fl. 1440–1480). He may have been born at the family home of ...

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Horn, Alexander [name in religion Maurus] (1762–1820), Benedictine monk and political agent  

Mark Dilworth

Horn, Alexander [name in religion Maurus] (1762–1820), Benedictine monk and political agent, was born in north-east Scotland on 28 June 1762, the son of Alexander Horn and Jeanette, his wife (d. 1807). His father was descended from the Horns, lairds of Westhall...

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Kendall, John (d. 1501), administrator and prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England  

Jürgen Sarnowsky

Kendall, John (d. 1501), administrator and prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England, probably born into a Norfolk or Yorkshire family, entered the order of the knights of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem at an early age. He began his career in the convent on ...

Article

Keninghale, John (d. 1451), theologian, prior of Norwich, and diplomat  

Richard Copsey

Keninghale, John (d. 1451), theologian, prior of Norwich, and diplomat, was born near Norwich and joined the Carmelite order there. He was ordained acolyte on 8 March 1407, and later studied at Oxford University, where he graduated DTh some time before 1425. As a young theologian, he was a confidant of ...

Article

Kenleith [Keldeleth], Robert (d. 1273), chancellor of Scotland and abbot of Melrose  

James Tait

revised by Norman H. Reid

Kenleith [Keldeleth], Robert (d. 1273), chancellor of Scotland and abbot of Melrose, was a monk of the Benedictine abbey of Dunfermline and became its abbot in 1240. His name was probably derived from Kinleith in Currie (Midlothian). Wyntoun includes 'Robert of Kydeleth...

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Langstrother [Longstrother], Sir John (d. 1471), administrator and prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England  

R. A. Griffiths

Langstrother [Longstrother], Sir John (d. 1471), administrator and prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England, seemingly came of a well-to-do northern family, several members of which were buried in St John's Hospital, Clerkenwell. Preceptor of the order's estate at ...

Article

O'Daly, Daniel Dominic (1595–1662), Dominican friar and diplomat  

Thomas O'Connor

O'Daly, Daniel Dominic (1595–1662), Dominican friar and diplomat, was born at Kilsarkan, near Castleisland, co. Kerry, into the Kerry branch of the bardic family of Ó Dálaigh. He entered the Dominican order at Lugo in Galicia, Spain, and studied at Bordeaux, Burgos, and ...

Article

O'Hartegan, Mathew (1600–1666), Jesuit and diplomat  

Thomas J. Morrissey

O'Hartegan, Mathew (1600–1666), Jesuit and diplomat, was born in St John's parish, Limerick. He went abroad to study, as no opportunities for study were permitted to Catholics in Ireland. It is likely that Bordeaux was his destination, and he seems to have had in mind to prepare himself for the priesthood or a secular career. When he entered the ...

Article

O'Mahony [Mahony, Mahun, Marullus], Connor [Constantine] [name in religion Cornelius a Sancto Patricio] (1594–1656), Jesuit and political controversialist  

Richard Bagwell

revised by Vincent Geoghegan

O'Mahony [Mahony, Mahun, Marullus], Connor [Constantine] [name in religion Cornelius a Sancto Patricio] (1594–1656), Jesuit and political controversialist, was born in Muskerry, co. Cork. On 17 March 1621 he entered the Society of Jesus in Portugal; Cornelius a Sancto Patricio was the name by which he was known in the society. He was professor of theology at ...

Article

Outlaw, Roger (d. 1341), prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ireland and administrator  

Philomena Connolly

Outlaw, Roger (d. 1341), prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in Ireland and administrator, belonged to a wealthy Kilkenny family. He is first mentioned as prior of the hospital in Kilmainham in August 1317 but had probably held the office for some time before that date. In 1330 the order's general chapter at ...

Article

Pickering, John (c. 1495–1537), Dominican friar and rebel  

Susan E. James

Pickering, John (c. 1495–1537), Dominican friar and rebel, was probably born in or near Bridlington, Yorkshire. Nothing is known of his parents or early life. He entered the Dominican house at York on 21 September 1510 and was ordained into the priesthood on 20 September 1516. ...