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Article

Aston [Ashton], John (d. in or before 1407), Lollard preacher  

Maureen Jurkowski

Aston [Ashton], John (d. in or before 1407), Lollard preacher, was an early disciple of John Wyclif. A native of Worcester diocese, from 1365 to 1372 he was paid as a fellow of Merton College (which produced a large number of Wycliffites), and in 1372 was appointed a royal commissioner to settle a dispute at the university over the election of proctors. He gained the degrees of master of arts and scholar of theology. His career as a Wycliffite preacher had begun by 1382, if not earlier. The ...

Article

Badby, John (d. 1410), Lollard heretic  

Peter McNiven

Badby, John (d. 1410), Lollard heretic, was a craftsman (possibly a tailor or smith) of the diocese of Worcester, who achieved notoriety by his uninhibited denial of the doctrine of transubstantiation. Charged before his bishop, Thomas Peverell, on 2 January 1409, Badby insisted that the bread in the eucharist was not, and could not be, miraculously transformed into ...

Article

Ball, John (d. 1381), chaplain and leader of the peasants' revolt  

Andrew Prescott

Ball, John (d. 1381), chaplain and leader of the peasants' revolt, was of obscure origins. He had been an itinerant radical preacher for nearly twenty years before the revolt. He described himself, in letters circulated during the rising, as 'seynte marye prist...

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Cover Ball, John (d. 1381)
John Ball (d. 1381) manuscript illumination [Front, left] the rebel leader, Wat Tyler (d. 1381) and [centre, on horseback] ] The British Library

Article

Barton, John (fl. 1417), physician and alleged heretic  

Michael Wilks

Barton, John (fl. 1417), physician and alleged heretic, was the subject of a testimonial issued at Reading on 11 May 1417 by Archbishop Chichele, stating that John Barton, described as a doctor of the city of London, had purged himself in a provincial council held at ...

Article

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Article

Boughton, Joan (c. 1414–1494), Wycliffite heretic  

Henry Summerson

Boughton, Joan (c. 1414–1494), Wycliffite heretic, is known only from accounts of her death. The fullest of these, in the great chronicle of London, records that she was a widow and mother, and describes her as 'an old cankyrd heretyke that dotid For age...

Article

Bryhtwell [Bryghtwell], Thomas (d. 1390), ecclesiastic and suspected heretic  

Charles Kightly

Bryhtwell [Bryghtwell], Thomas (d. 1390), ecclesiastic and suspected heretic, was born in the diocese of Salisbury, possibly at either Brightwell or Britwell, both in Berkshire, the son of John Welle. First recorded in 1364, as a fellow of Exeter College, Oxford, he was a fellow of ...

Article

Cheyne, Sir John (c. 1390–1468), Lollard and rebel  

Linda Clark

Cheyne, Sir John (c. 1390–1468), Lollard and rebel, was the elder son of Roger Cheyne (1362–1414) of Drayton Beauchamp, Buckinghamshire, one of the leaders of the Lollard movement in the early fifteenth century. Roger may well have adopted his heretical leanings through the influence of the prominent Lollard knight and diplomat ...

Article

Cheyne, Sir John (d. 1414), diplomat, heretic, and speaker-elect of the House of Commons  

Nigel Saul

Cheyne, Sir John (d. 1414), diplomat, heretic, and speaker-elect of the House of Commons, of unknown parentage, was a scion of the family of Cheyne of Drayton Beauchamp, Buckinghamshire. Almost certainly a younger son, he was probably intended for a career in the church. ...

Article

Claydon, John (d. 1415), heretic  

Christina von Nolcken

Claydon, John (d. 1415), heretic, is first certainly recorded on 9 June 1386, when with five others he stood surety for John Northampton, formerly a controversial mayor of London, and for Northampton's associates John More and Richard Norbury. He may also have been the ...

Article

Clement (fl. 744–747), alleged heretic  

Timothy Reuter

Clement (fl. 744–747), alleged heretic, was a cleric in Francia during the time of St Boniface (d. 754); he claimed to be a bishop, implying probably the status of a chorbishop or Irish-style bishop rather than governance of a diocese. Although said to have been Irish by birth, he is never called ...

Article

Clifford, Sir Lewis (c. 1330–1404), soldier and suspected heretic  

Peter Fleming

Clifford, Sir Lewis (c. 1330–1404), soldier and suspected heretic, 'far from being of the north-country baronial family was a cadet of the Cliffords of Devonshire, such small fry that their pedigree is difficult to trace' (McFarlane, 162). He was probably born in the early 1330s. His military career began inauspiciously as one of the ...

Article

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Article

Fulkherd, Quentin [Quintin Folkhard] (fl. 1407–1410), alleged Lollard heretic  

John A. F. Thomson

Fulkherd, Quentin [Quintin Folkhard] (fl. 1407–1410), alleged Lollard heretic, is identified only in two English safe conducts from 1407, as 'Quintin Folkhard of Scotland', and in a batch of his letters dated 1410 and entitled Nova Scocie, which are preserved in a ...

Article

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Article

Hamont, Matthew (d. 1579), alleged heretic  

Alexander Gordon

revised by Stephen Wright

Hamont, Matthew (d. 1579), alleged heretic, was a wheelwright at Hethersett, Norfolk, near Norwich, and was probably of Dutch origin. In the Hethersett parish registers the name is spelt Hamoute, Hammonte, and Hammante. Early in 1579 he was cited before Edmund Freake, bishop of ...

Article

Hereford, Nicholas (b. c. 1345, d. after 1417), ecclesiastic and Wycliffite  

Simon Forde

Hereford, Nicholas (b. c. 1345, d. after 1417), ecclesiastic and Wycliffite, may have been a native of Hereford. He is first recorded in September 1369, by when he was a fellow of Queen's College, Oxford, where he was treasurer in 1374/5. In the meantime he had been ordained priest on 8 June 1370, which suggests that he was born no later than 1345. He incepted as DTh in 1382. He must have either formed or maintained some connection with ...

Article

See Lollard knights

Article

Latimer, Sir Thomas (1341–1401), soldier and alleged heretic  

Maureen Jurkowski

Latimer, Sir Thomas (1341–1401), soldier and alleged heretic, was the third son of Sir Warin Latimer of Braybrooke, Northamptonshire, and Katherine, daughter of John de la Warr, born between 10 and 17 September 1341. He is chiefly notable as the most conspicuous, if not the most fervent, member of a group of courtiers and soldiers disparaged by the chroniclers ...