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Æthelwine [Ethelwine, Æthelwine Dei Amicus] (d. 992), magnate and founder of Ramsey Abbey, Huntingdonshire  

Cyril Hart

Æthelwine [Ethelwine, Æthelwine Dei Amicus] (d. 992), magnate and founder of Ramsey Abbey, Huntingdonshire, was the fourth and youngest son of Æthelstan, known as the Half-King (932–956), and his wife, Ælfwyn (d. 986). He was a few years older than the atheling ...

Article

Avranches, Hugh d', first earl of Chester (d. 1101), magnate and founder of Chester Abbey  

C. P. Lewis

Avranches, Hugh d', first earl of Chester (d. 1101), magnate and founder of Chester Abbey, was the son of Richard Goz, vicomte d'Avranches and seigneur de St Sever, and an unknown mother formerly identified on the basis of unsatisfactory evidence as Emma, supposedly a half-sister of ...

Article

Bolebec, Isabel de, countess of Oxford (c. 1164–1245), magnate and monastic patron  

RaGena C. DeAragon

Bolebec, Isabel de, countess of Oxford (c. 1164–1245), magnate and monastic patron, was the eldest daughter of Hugh de Bolebec (d. c.1165), lord of Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire, and a patron of the order of Friars Preacher in England. She appears first in the records as the widow of ...

Article

Campbell, Archibald, fifth earl of Argyll (1538–1573), magnate and protestant reformer  

Jane E. A. Dawson

Campbell, Archibald, fifth earl of Argyll (1538–1573), magnate and protestant reformer, was the eldest son of Archibald Campbell, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), and his first wife, Lady Helen Hamilton (d. in or before 1541), daughter of the first earl of Arran...

Article

Clare, Walter de (d. 1137/8?), baron and founder of Tintern Abbey  

J. H. Round

revised by C. Warren Hollister

Clare, Walter de (d. 1137/8?), baron and founder of Tintern Abbey, was known to contemporaries as Walter fitz Richard. He was a non-inheriting younger son of Richard de Clare (1030x35–1087x90), lord of Orbec and Bienfaite in Normandy and Domesday lord of Clare and ...

Article

Ela, suo jure countess of Salisbury (b. in or after 1190, d. 1261), magnate and abbess  

Jennifer C. Ward

Ela, suo jure countess of Salisbury (b. in or after 1190, d. 1261), magnate and abbess, was the daughter of William, earl of Salisbury, and his wife, Eleanor de Vitré. Her father died in 1196, leaving her as his heir, and Richard I...

Article

Geoffrey (d. 1093), bishop of Coutances and magnate  

Marjorie Chibnall

Geoffrey (d. 1093), bishop of Coutances and magnate, belonged to the energetic and warlike baronage of western Normandy who did so much to restore the Norman church after the viking raids and civil wars of the tenth and early eleventh centuries, and were among the most prominent counsellors and supporters of ...

Article

Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595), magnate and alleged traitor  

J. G. Elzinga

Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595), magnate and alleged traitor, was born on 28 June 1557 at Arundel House, the Strand, London, the only child of Thomas Howard, fourth duke of Norfolk (1538–1572), nobleman and courtier, and his first wife, ...

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Cover Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595)

Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Philip Howard [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595) by unknown artist reproduced by kind permission of His Grace the Duke of Norfolk. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Image

Cover Odo, earl of Kent (d. 1097)

Odo, earl of Kent (d. 1097)  

Odo, earl of Kent (d. 1097) embroidery (Bayeux Tapestry) [seated, third from right] by special permission of the City of Bayeux

Article

Odo, earl of Kent (d. 1097), bishop of Bayeux and magnate  

David Bates

Odo, earl of Kent (d. 1097), bishop of Bayeux and magnate, was the son of Herluin de Conteville (d. c.1066), a Norman magnate of vicomte status who held lands around Grestain to the south of the Seine estuary, and of Herleva (...

Article

Percy, Richard de (b. before 1181, d. 1244), baron  

W. E. Rhodes

revised by Hugh M. Thomas

Percy, Richard de (b. before 1181, d. 1244), baron, was the second son of Agnes (d. c.1202), heir of the original Percy family, and Joscelin de Louvain (d. 1180), a younger son of Godefroi, duke of Lower Lorraine, and brother of ...

Article

Stewart, Robert, earl of Lennox and earl of March (1522/3–1586), bishop-elect of Caithness and magnate  

Duncan Shaw

Stewart, Robert, earl of Lennox and earl of March (1522/3–1586), bishop-elect of Caithness and magnate, was the second son of John Stewart, twelfth or third earl of Lennox (d. 1526), and his wife, Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of the first earl of Atholl. In 1548 he was a student at ...