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Arneway, John (1599/1600–c. 1653), polemicist  

Elizabeth Allen

Arneway, John (1599/1600–c. 1653), polemicist, was the third surviving son of John Arneway (d. 1622), yeoman of Peplow, Hodnet, Shropshire, and Dorothy (fl. 1599–1621), probably née Hinstocke. He had one elder sister who survived until adulthood. In 1618, aged eighteen, he matriculated at ...

Article

Askew, Egeon (1575/6–1637), Church of England clergyman  

J. E. Bailey

revised by Vivienne Larminie

Askew, Egeon (1575/6–1637), Church of England clergyman, was a native of Lancashire. His family originated from Mulcaster, Cumberland, and lived subsequently at Kirby Ireleth, Lancashire, where Thomas Askew, probably Egeon's younger brother, was instituted vicar in 1606. Having matriculated from Queen's College, Oxford...

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Cover Barker, Joseph (1806–1875)

Barker, Joseph (1806–1875)  

Maker: John Cochran

Joseph Barker (1806–1875) by John Cochran, pubd 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Barker, Joseph (1806–1875), Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist  

Eileen Groth Lyon

Barker, Joseph (1806–1875), Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist, was born on 11 May 1806 at Bramley, near Leeds. His ancestors, originally of Keighley, had been settled in this area for several generations as farmers and manufacturers. The identity of his parents has not been discovered, though it is known that his father was employed in woollen manufacture and served for some time in the militia, and that ...

Article

Crowley, Thomas [pseud. Amor Patriae] (c. 1713–1787), religious controversialist and political writer  

Neil L. York

Crowley, Thomas [pseud. Amor Patriae] (c. 1713–1787), religious controversialist and political writer, of whose date and place of birth details are unknown, appears to have been connected to those Crowleys who pioneered the iron industry of the west midlands. In any event he turned up in ...

Article

Czira [née Gifford], Sidney [pseud. John Brennan] (1889–1974), journalist and Irish republican activist  

Maria Luddy

Czira [née Gifford], Sidney [pseud. John Brennan] (1889–1974), journalist and Irish republican activist, was born at 8 Temple Villas, Palmerston Road, Rathmines, Dublin, on 3 August 1889, the youngest daughter and youngest of the twelve children (six boys and six girls) of ...

Article

Fisher, Edward (b. 1611/12, d. in or after 1656), political and religious controversialist  

Stephen Wright

Fisher, Edward (b. 1611/12, d. in or after 1656), political and religious controversialist, was the eldest son of Sir Edward Fisher (d. 1654), knight, of Mickleton, Gloucestershire, and his wife, Maria (d. 1642), daughter of Sir Thomas Challoner. On 25 August 1627, aged fifteen, he was admitted to ...

Article

Frost, Thomas (1821–1908), radical writer  

Peter Gurney

Frost, Thomas (1821–1908), radical writer, was born at Croydon, Surrey, on 16 December 1821, the son (he had two sisters and a brother) of William Frost (1785/6–1872), a tailor who read Cobbett's Register and took part in the Reform Bill agitation, and his wife, ...

Article

Fuller, William (1670–1733), government agent and controversialist  

C. E. A. Cheesman

Fuller, William (1670–1733), government agent and controversialist, was born, according to his own account, on 20 September 1670 at Milton, near Sittingbourne, Kent, the son of Robert Fuller, a substantial local grazier, who died only a few months later, and his wife, Catherine (...

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Cover Hitchens, Christopher Eric (1949–2011)

Hitchens, Christopher Eric (1949–2011)  

Maker: John Dempsie

In 

Christopher Eric Hitchens (1949–2011) by John Dempsie, 1978 ©John Dempsie; Associated News / Rex

Article

Hitchens, Christopher Eric (1949–2011), journalist and author  

Peter Wilby

Hitchens, Christopher Eric (1949–2011), journalist and author, was born on 13 April 1949 at 3 Nettlecombe Avenue, Southsea, Portsmouth, the elder son of Eric Ernest Hitchens (1909–1987), a Royal Navy commander, and his wife, Yvonne Jeanne (or Jean), née Hickman (d. 1973)...

Article

Hunt, Thomas (1626/7–1688), lawyer and whig polemicist  

Melinda Zook

Hunt, Thomas (1626/7–1688), lawyer and whig polemicist, was born in Austin Friars, London, the son of Richard Hunt, citizen and mercer of London, and his wife, Mary Gascoyne, daughter of William Gascoyne of Cleveland, Yorkshire. He was admitted a pensioner at Queens' College, Cambridge...

Article

Hunton, Philip (bap. 1602, d. 1682/3), polemicist  

J. T. Peacey

Hunton, Philip (bap. 1602, d. 1682/3), polemicist, was baptized at Andover, Hampshire, on 12 September 1602, the son of Philip Hunton, yeoman. He was admitted as a batteler or servitor at Wadham College, Oxford, in 1622; he matriculated on 31 January 1623, graduated BA in 1626, and proceeded MA in 1629. He was ordained priest at ...

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Cover James, Elinor (1644/5–1719)

James, Elinor (1644/5–1719)  

Maker: unknown artist

In 

Elinor James (1644/55–1719) by unknown artist, c. 1700 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

James [née Banckes], Elinor [Eleanor] (1644/5–1719), printer and polemicist  

Paula McDowell

James [née Banckes], Elinor [Eleanor] (1644/5–1719), printer and polemicist, was the daughter of Mary Banckes; the name of her father is not known. By a marriage licence dated 27 October 1662, at the age of seventeen, she married Thomas James (c...

Article

Jane, Joseph (d. 1658), politician and controversialist  

Joad Raymond

Jane, Joseph (d. 1658), politician and controversialist, was born in Liskeard, Cornwall, to an influential Cornish family (the family coat of arms was argent, a lion rampant azure between three escallops gules). The identity of his mother is unknown. His father, Thomas Jane...

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Cover Kravchinsky, Sergey Mikhailovich (1851–1895)

Kravchinsky, Sergey Mikhailovich (1851–1895)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Sergey Mikhailovich Kravchinsky (1851–1895) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Kravchinsky, Sergey Mikhailovich [pseud. Stepniak] (1851–1895), revolutionary and author  

David Saunders

Kravchinsky, Sergey Mikhailovich [pseud. Stepniak] (1851–1895), revolutionary and author, was born on 1 July 1851 os in Novy Starodub, Aleksandriya district, Kherson province of the Russian empire (roughly in the centre of what is now Ukraine). He was the second son and third of the four children of ...

Article

Linton, William James (1812–1897), wood-engraver, polemicist, and poet  

John Murdoch

Linton, William James (1812–1897), wood-engraver, polemicist, and poet, was born on 7 December 1812 in Ireland's Row at Mile End in London, probably the second among four children of William Linton, a provision broker in the London docks, and his second wife, Mary (...

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Cover Linton, William James (1812–1897)

Linton, William James (1812–1897)  

Maker: Sir Emery Walker

In 

William James Linton (1812–1897) by Sir Emery Walker © National Portrait Gallery, London