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Allen, Ethan (1738–1789), revolutionary army officer and politician in America  

Michael A. Bellesîles

Allen, Ethan (1738–1789), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 10 January 1738 in Litchfield, Connecticut, the eldest of the seven children of Joseph Allen (1708–1755) and Mary Baker (1708–1774), farmers. The Allen family lived in what was then a frontier region of ...

Article

Brooksbank [née Soutar], Mary Watson (1897–1978), revolutionary and songwriter  

Graham R. Smith

Brooksbank [née Soutar], Mary Watson (1897–1978), revolutionary and songwriter, was born on 15 December 1897 at 29 Shiprow, Aberdeen, the only daughter of five children born to Alexander Soutar (1867–1953), dock labourer and founding member of Aberdeen Dockers' Union, and his wife, ...

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Cover Despard, Edward Marcus (1751–1803)

Despard, Edward Marcus (1751–1803)  

Maker: John Chapman

In 

Edward Marcus Despard (1751–1803) by John Chapman, pubd 1804 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Despard, Edward Marcus (1751–1803), army officer and revolutionary  

Malcolm Chase

Despard, Edward Marcus (1751–1803), army officer and revolutionary, was born into a military family in Queen's county, Ireland, on 6 March 1751; the youngest of six sons of William Despard and his wife, Jane. John Despard (1743/4–1829) was his brother. He joined the army as an ensign in 1766 and was promoted lieutenant in 1772, while stationed in ...

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Cover Engels, Friedrich (1820–1895)

Engels, Friedrich (1820–1895)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Friedrich Engels (1820–1895) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Engels, Friedrich [Frederick] (1820–1895), businessman and revolutionary leader  

Gareth Stedman Jones

Engels, Friedrich [Frederick] (1820–1895), businessman and revolutionary leader, was born on 28 November 1820 in Barmen, Westphalia, the son of Friedrich Engels (1796–1860), a textile manufacturer, and Elizabeth, née van Haar (1797–1873), the daughter of a schoolmaster of Dutch origin. Frederick (as he came to be known in ...

Article

Harnett, Cornelius (1723–1781), merchant and revolutionary politician in America  

Alan D. Watson

Harnett, Cornelius (1723–1781), merchant and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 20 April 1723 in Chowan county, North Carolina, the son of Cornelius (d. 1742), colonial official, planter, and tavern-keeper, and Elizabeth Harnett. With his family Harnett moved in 1726 to ...

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Cover Maclean, John (1879–1923)

Maclean, John (1879–1923)  

Maker: unknown photographer

John Maclean (1879–1923) by unknown photographer, 1919 [David Kirkwood (1872–1955) [far left] and [centre] at a workers' demonstration in Glasgow] Glasgow Museums People's Palace

Article

Maclean, John (1879–1923), revolutionary socialist  

John McHugh

Maclean, John (1879–1923), revolutionary socialist, was born in Pollokshaws, Glasgow, on 14 August 1879, the sixth child of Daniel Maclean, a potter, and his wife, Annie McPhee, a weaver, who were members of the strictly sabbatarian Original Secessionist church. Maclean was eight years old when his father died, and he was brought up by his mother and maternal grandmother. Despite financial difficulties, he entered the ...

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Cover Paine, Thomas (1737–1809)

Paine, Thomas (1737–1809)  

Maker: John Wesley Jarvis

In 

Thomas Paine (1737–1809) by John Wesley Jarvis, c. 1806–7 Gift of Marian B. Maurice, Photograph © 2004 Board of Trustees, National Gallery of Art, Washington

Article

Paine, Thomas (1737–1809), author and revolutionary  

Mark Philp

Paine, Thomas (1737–1809), author and revolutionary, was born in Thetford, Norfolk, on 29 January 1737, the first of two children of Joseph Pain (1708–1787), stay-maker and tenant farmer, and Frances Cocke (1697–c.1790), daughter of Thomas Cocke, attorney and town clerk of ...

Article

Singh, Bhagat [known as Bhagat Singh Sandhu] (1907–1931), revolutionary and writer  

Jeevan Singh Deol

Singh, Bhagat [known as Bhagat Singh Sandhu] (1907–1931), revolutionary and writer, was born in the village of Banga, Punjab, India (now in Pakistan) on 27 September 1907, the second of the four sons and three daughters of Kishan Singh Sandhu, a farmer and political activist, and his wife, ...

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Cover Volkhovsky, Felix Vadimovich (1846–1914)

Volkhovsky, Felix Vadimovich (1846–1914)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Felix Vadimovich Volkhovsky (1846–1914) by unknown photographer © reserved

Article

Volkhovsky, Felix Vadimovich (1846–1914), revolutionary and man of letters  

David Saunders

Volkhovsky, Felix Vadimovich (1846–1914), revolutionary and man of letters, was born into a family of impoverished gentry in Poltava, eastern Ukraine, on 6 July 1846 os, the son of Vadim Volkhovsky and his wife, Yekaterina. After spending his early childhood there and in ...

Article

Wheeldon [née Marshall], Alice Ann (1866–1919), revolutionary socialist and anti-war campaigner  

David Doughan

Wheeldon [née Marshall], Alice Ann (1866–1919), revolutionary socialist and anti-war campaigner, was born on 27 January 1866 at 5 Russell Street, Derby, the daughter of William Marshall, an engine tenter, and his wife, Ann, née Elliott. On 14 August 1886 she married ...