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Adams, Sir Grantley Herbert (1898–1971), prime minister of the Federation of the West Indies  

Donald Wood

revised

Adams, Sir Grantley Herbert (1898–1971), prime minister of the Federation of the West Indies, was born on 28 April 1898 in Bridgetown, Barbados, the second of six sons (there was also a daughter) of Fitzherbert Adams, a primary school headmaster, and his wife, ...

Article

Adams, John Michael Geoffrey Manningham [Tom] (1931–1985), prime minister of Barbados  

Alexander Hoyos

Adams, John Michael Geoffrey Manningham [Tom] (1931–1985), prime minister of Barbados, was born on 24 September 1931 in St Michael, Barbados, the only child of Sir Grantley Herbert Adams (1898–1971), later prime minister of the Federation of the West Indies, and his wife, ...

Image

Cover Bird, Sir Vere Cornwall (1909–1999)

Bird, Sir Vere Cornwall (1909–1999)  

Maker: Jim Gray

In 

Sir Vere Cornwall Bird (1909–1999) by Jim Gray, 1966 Getty Images

Article

Bird, Sir Vere Cornwall (1909–1999), prime minister of Antigua and Barbuda  

Milton Benjamin and Susan Lowes

Bird, Sir Vere Cornwall (1909–1999), prime minister of Antigua and Barbuda, was born in St John's, Antigua, probably on 9 December 1909, the son of Theophilus Bird and Amanda Edgehill. He grew up in Garling slum, a swampy area of lower St John's...

Article

Bishop, Maurice Rupert (1944–1983), prime minister of Grenada  

Howard Johnson

Bishop, Maurice Rupert (1944–1983), prime minister of Grenada, was born on 29 May 1944 in Aruba, the son of Rupert Bishop (d. 1974) and his wife, Alimenta, both of whom had emigrated to work at the island's Standard Oil refinery. On their return to ...

Article

Bradshaw, Robert Llewellyn (1916–1978), premier of St Christopher, Nevis and Anguilla  

Howard Johnson

Bradshaw, Robert Llewellyn (1916–1978), premier of St Christopher, Nevis and Anguilla, was born on 16 September 1916 in the village of St Paul Capesterre, St Christopher (St Kitts), the son of Mary Jane Francis and William Bradshaw, a blacksmith who emigrated to the ...

Article

Burnley, William Hardin (1780–1850), slave owner and colonial politician  

Selwyn R. Cudjoe

Burnley, William Hardin (1780–1850), slave owner and colonial politician, was born in New York City on 21 April 1780, the son of Hardin Burnley (1741–1823) and his wife, Catherine, née Maitland (1752/3–1827). His great-grandfather, John Burnley, was born about 1670 in England and became an army officer; he married ...

Article

Bustamante [formerly Clarke], Sir (William) Alexander (1884–1977), prime minister of Jamaica  

I. M. Cumpston

revised

Bustamante [formerly Clarke], Sir (William) Alexander (1884–1977), prime minister of Jamaica, was born William Alexander Clarke on 24 February 1884 at Blenheim, Hanover, Jamaica, the elder son and second of the five children of Robert Constantine Clarke, an Irish planter, of Hanover...

Article

Butler, Tubal Uriah (1897–1977), trade unionist and politician in Trinidad and Tobago  

O. Nigel Bolland

Butler, Tubal Uriah (1897–1977), trade unionist and politician in Trinidad and Tobago, was born on 21 January 1897 in Grenada, the son of a blacksmith. He left school at the age of thirteen. In 1917 he enlisted in the British West Indies regiment...

Article

Carney [married name McBride], (Maria) Winifred [Winnie] (1887–1943), trade unionist, suffrage activist, and Irish republican  

Eliza McKee

Carney [married name McBride], (Maria) Winifred, [Winnie] (1887–1943), trade unionist, suffrage activist, and Irish republican, was born at Bangor, co. Down, on 4 December 1887, the youngest of six children of Alfred Ernest Carney (1848–1929), a commercial traveller who was a Protestant, and his wife, ...

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Cover Carney, (Maria) Winifred [Winnie] (1887–1943)

Winnie Carney (1887–1943), by unknown artist, c. 1912

Reproduced courtesy of the National Library of Ireland (Ms 33,718/A(22))

Article

Cato, (Robert) Milton (1915–1997), prime minister of St Vincent and the Grenadines  

Adrian Fraser

Cato, (Robert) Milton (1915–1997), prime minister of St Vincent and the Grenadines, was born on 3 June 1915 in Georgetown, St Vincent, the third of six children of James Robert Augustus William Cato and his wife, Harriett, née Hutchinson. He attended Dorsetshire Hill primary school...

Article

Charles, Dame (Mary) Eugenia (1919–2005), prime minister of Dominica  

Lennox Honychurch

Charles, Dame (Mary) Eugenia (1919–2005), prime minister of Dominica, was born on 15 May 1919 at Pointe Michel, near Roseau, on the south-west coast of Dominica, the daughter of John Baptiste Charles (who died in 1983, at the age of 107), businessman, and his wife, ...

Image

Cover Charles, Dame (Mary) Eugenia (1919–2005)

Charles, Dame (Mary) Eugenia (1919–2005)  

Maker: B. Dale

In 

Dame (Mary) Eugenia Charles (1919–2005) by B. Dale, 1983 National Geographic / Getty Images

Article

See Fuller family

Article

Gairy, Sir Eric Matthew (1922–1997), prime minister of Grenada  

Howard Johnson

Gairy, Sir Eric Matthew (1922–1997), prime minister of Grenada, was born on 18 February 1922 near Grenville, Grenada, the son of an estate foreman and his wife, a domestic servant. He was educated at a Catholic elementary school. He emigrated to Aruba, where he worked as a clerk in the oil refinery before returning home at the end of 1949. He first came to public attention in 1950, when he negotiated a cash compensation for estate tenants evicted by a new owner. With this intervention he was viewed as the champion of rural workers. He capitalized on this goodwill by establishing the first trade union for agricultural workers, the ...

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Cover Garvey, Marcus Mosiah (1887–1940)

Garvey, Marcus Mosiah (1887–1940)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Marcus Mosiah Garvey (1887–1940) by unknown photographer, c. 1920 Getty Images

Article

Garvey, Marcus Mosiah (1887–1940), pan-African nationalist leader  

Tony Martin

Garvey, Marcus Mosiah (1887–1940), pan-African nationalist leader, was born on 17 August 1887 in St Ann's Bay, Jamaica, the last of two surviving children of Malcus Mosiah Garvey, stonemason (1838–1920), and Sarah Jane Richards (1847/1852–1908), a farmer and domestic servant. His father was a descendant of the maroons, fugitive Africans from the era of slavery. ...

Article

Gordon, George William (c. 1820–1865), politician in Jamaica  

Gad Heuman

Gordon, George William (c. 1820–1865), politician in Jamaica, was born in Jamaica to a wealthy sugar planter, Joseph Gordon, and a slave woman. His father freed Gordon and paid for his early education. At about the age of ten Gordon was employed by his godfather, ...

Article

Grant, Sir Alexander Cray, eighth baronet (1782–1854), planter and slave owner in the West Indies and politician  

John C. Appleby

Grant, Sir Alexander Cray, eighth baronet (1782–1854), planter and slave owner in the West Indies and politician, was born on 30 November 1782 at Bowring's Leigh, Devon, the eldest son of Sir Alexander Grant, seventh baronet (d. 1825), and his wife, Sarah...