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Abbott, Sir John Joseph Caldwell (1821–1893), prime minister of Canada  

Carman Miller

Abbott, Sir John Joseph Caldwell (1821–1893), prime minister of Canada, was born on 12 March 1821 at St Andrews, Argenteuil county, Lower Canada, the eldest son of the Revd Joseph Abbott (bap. 1790, d. 1862) and Harriet Bradford.

John Joseph Abbott was educated privately at ...

Article

Aberhart, William (1878–1943), politician and evangelist in Canada  

Graham Spry

revised by Alvin Finkel

Aberhart, William (1878–1943), politician and evangelist in Canada, was born in Hibbert township, near Seaforth, Perth county, Ontario, on 30 December 1878, the son of William Aberhart (who as a child had been brought from Germany) and his wife, Louisa Pepper, the daughter of an Englishman. He was educated at schools in ...

Article

Anglin, Timothy Warren (1822–1896), journalist and politician in Canada  

William M. Baker

Anglin, Timothy Warren (1822–1896), journalist and politician in Canada, was born on 31 August 1822 in Myrtle Grove, Clonakilty, co. Cork, Ireland, the son of Francis Anglin (d. 1875), a landowner and an employee of the East India Company, and Anne (or Joanna) Warren (...

Article

Archibald, Sir Adams George (1814–1892), lawyer and politician in Canada  

K. G. Pryke

Archibald, Sir Adams George (1814–1892), lawyer and politician in Canada, was born on 3 May 1814 in Truro, Nova Scotia, the second son of Samuel Archibald, a farmer and justice of the peace, and his wife, Elizabeth, the daughter of Matthew Archibald. Following graduation from ...

Article

Baldwin, Robert (1804–1858), lawyer and politician in Canada  

Colin Frederick Read

Baldwin, Robert (1804–1858), lawyer and politician in Canada, was born on 12 May 1804 at York, Upper Canada, the eldest of the five sons of William Warren Baldwin (1775–1844), also a lawyer and politician in Canada, and his wife, (Margaret) Phoebe Willcocks (1771–1851)...

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Cover Baldwin, Robert (1804–1858)

Baldwin, Robert (1804–1858)  

Maker: Thomas Waterman Wood

In 

Robert Baldwin (1804–1858) by Thomas Waterman Wood, 1855 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bennett, Richard Bedford, Viscount Bennett (1870–1947), prime minister of Canada  

P. B. Waite

Bennett, Richard Bedford, Viscount Bennett (1870–1947), prime minister of Canada, was born at Hopewell Hill, Albert county, New Brunswick, on 3 July 1870, the eldest of the three sons and two daughters of Henry John Bennett (1842–1905), shipbuilder and later general merchant at ...

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Cover Bennett, Richard Bedford, Viscount Bennett (1870–1947)

Bennett, Richard Bedford, Viscount Bennett (1870–1947)  

Maker: Walter Stoneman

Richard Bedford Bennett, Viscount Bennett (1870–1947) by Walter Stoneman, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Blake, (Dominick) Edward (1833–1912), lawyer and politician in Canada  

R. Douglas Francis

Blake, (Dominick) Edward (1833–1912), lawyer and politician in Canada, was born on 13 October 1833 at a homestead at Bear River, Adelaide township, Middlesex county, Upper Canada, the elder son of William Hume Blake (1809–1870) and his wife, Catherine (1804/5–1886), the daughter of ...

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Cover Blake, (Dominick) Edward (1833–1912)

Blake, (Dominick) Edward (1833–1912)  

Maker: Sir Benjamin Stone

In 

(Dominick) Edward Blake (1833–1912) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1897 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bond, Sir Robert (1857–1927), politician in Newfoundland  

James K. Hiller

Bond, Sir Robert (1857–1927), politician in Newfoundland, was born on 25 February 1857 in St John's, Newfoundland, the second son of John Bond (1804–1872), a merchant of Torquay, Devon, and his wife, Elizabeth (1818–1900). John Bond entered the Newfoundland trade in the late 1820s, and became the local agent for ...

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Cover Borden, Sir Robert Laird (1854–1937)

Borden, Sir Robert Laird (1854–1937)  

Maker: Sir William Orpen

In 

Sir Robert Laird Borden (1854–1937) by Sir William Orpen, 1919 Orpen / National Archives of Canada / C-011238

Article

Borden, Sir Robert Laird (1854–1937), lawyer and prime minister of Canada  

Robert Craig Brown

Borden, Sir Robert Laird (1854–1937), lawyer and prime minister of Canada, was born in Grand Pré, in the Annapolis valley, Nova Scotia, on 26 June 1854, the eldest son of Andrew Borden (1816–1900), a farmer and railway station master, and his wife, Eunice Jane (...

Article

Bowell, Sir Mackenzie (1824–1917), prime minister of Canada  

P. B. Waite

Bowell, Sir Mackenzie (1824–1917), prime minister of Canada, was born at Rickinghall, Suffolk, on 27 December 1824 (some sources give 1823), the son of John Bowell and Elizabeth Marshall. He emigrated to Canada with his parents in 1833; the family settled in Belleville, Upper Canada...

Article

Brown, George (1818–1880), politician and journalist in Canada  

A. St Leger

Brown, George (1818–1880), politician and journalist in Canada, was born at Alloa, Scotland, on 29 November 1818. His father, Peter Brown (1784–1863), also a journalist in Canada, born in Edinburgh on 29 June 1784, the son of James Brown, a builder and general commissioner of police, was originally a merchant. Following financial difficulties he emigrated in 1837 to ...

Article

Campbell, Sir Alexander (1822–1892), lawyer and politician in Canada  

T. B. Browning

revised by Donald Swainson

Campbell, Sir Alexander (1822–1892), lawyer and politician in Canada, born in Hedon, near Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, on 9 March 1822, was the son of James Campbell, a physician of Scottish parentage, and his wife, Lavinia Scatcherd. After living for some time in ...

Article

Cartier, Sir George-Étienne, baronet (1814–1873), lawyer and politician in Canada  

A. I. Silver

Cartier, Sir George-Étienne, baronet (1814–1873), lawyer and politician in Canada, was born on 6 September 1814 at Seven Chimneys, St Antoine-sur-Richelieu, Lower Canada, the seventh of the eight children of Jacques Cartier (1774–1841), a merchant, and his wife, Marguerite (1779–1848), the daughter of ...

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Cover Cartier, Sir George-Étienne, baronet (1814–1873)

Cartier, Sir George-Étienne, baronet (1814–1873)  

Maker: unknown engraver

In 

Sir George-Étienne Cartier, baronet (1814–1873) by unknown engraver, pubd 1864 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cover Cartwright, Sir Richard (1835–1912)

Cartwright, Sir Richard (1835–1912)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Sir Richard Cartwright (1835–1912) by unknown photographer, 1881 National Archives of Canada / PA-025546

Article

Cartwright, Sir Richard (1835–1912), businessman and politician in Canada  

Donald Swainson

Cartwright, Sir Richard (1835–1912), businessman and politician in Canada, born in Kingston, Upper Canada, on 4 December 1835, was the son of the Revd Robert David Cartwright (d. 1843) and his wife, Harriet Dobbs (1808–1887). His paternal grandfather, Richard Cartwright (1759–1815), the founder of the Canadian family, was a very wealthy man and one of the Conservative leaders of early ...