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Actresses’ Franchise League  

Naomi Paxton

Actresses’ Franchise League [AFL] (act. 1908–1958) was formed in 1908 as ‘a bond of union between all women in the Theatrical profession who are in sympathy with the Woman’s Franchise Movement’. The organization was itself ‘strictly neutral in regard to Suffrage Tactics’ and membership was open to women who were or had been ‘connected with the Theatrical profession in any of its branches’. The constitution of the league declared its objectives as being to convince members of the theatrical profession of the necessity of extending the franchise to women on the same terms as men. It would campaign by using what it called ‘educational methods’ including propaganda meetings, and plays, sale of literature, and lectures (...

Article

Anderson, Louisa Garrett (1873–1943), surgeon and suffragette  

Jennian Geddes

Anderson, Louisa Garrett (1873–1943), surgeon and suffragette, was born at the house of her paternal uncle, 9 Lyndhurst Road, Hampstead, London, on 28 July 1873, the eldest of the three children and the only surviving daughter of James George Skelton Anderson (1838–1907), shipowner, and his wife, the pioneering physician ...

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Cover Anderson, Louisa Garrett (1873–1943)

Anderson, Louisa Garrett (1873–1943)  

Maker: Francis Dodd

In 

Louisa Garrett Anderson (1873–1943) by Francis Dodd © reserved / artist's estate / Royal Free Hospital

Article

Ansell, Gertrude Mary (1861–1932), suffragette and businesswoman  

Elizabeth Crawford

Ansell, Gertrude Mary (1861–1932), suffragette and businesswoman, was born on 2 June 1861 at 1 Vernon Place, Bloomsbury, London, the third child and only daughter of George Frederick Ansell (1826–1880) and his wife, Sarah Cook. Her father, a scientific chemist, had in 1856 been appointed to a clerkship in the ...

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Cover Ansell, Gertrude Mary (1861–1932)

Ansell, Gertrude Mary (1861–1932)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Gertrude Mary Ansell (1861–1932) by unknown photographer, 1914 [police identification photograph issued by New Scotland Yard] © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Baines [née Hunt], Sarah Jane [Jennie] (1866–1951), suffragette and social reformer  

Judith Smart

Baines [née Hunt], Sarah Jane [Jennie] (1866–1951), suffragette and social reformer, was born on 30 November 1866 in Birmingham, the daughter of James Edward Hunt, gun maker, and his wife, Sarah Ann, née Hunt. She started work in a Birmingham small arms factory aged eleven and at fourteen was assisting her parents in ...

Article

Barrett, Rachel (1874–1953), suffragette and newspaper editor  

Caroline Morrell

Barrett, Rachel (1874–1953), suffragette and newspaper editor, was born on 12 November 1874 at 23 Union Street, Carmarthen, the daughter of Welsh-speaking parents, Rees Barrett, land and road surveyor, and Anne Barrett, née Jones. Educated at a private school in Stroud, she later won a scholarship to ...

Article

Billinghurst, (Rosa) May (1875–1953), suffragette  

Hayley Trueman

Billinghurst, (Rosa) May (1875–1953), suffragette, was born on 31 May 1875 at 35 Granville Park, Lewisham, London, the second of nine children of Henry Farncombe Billinghurst (1832–1912), bank manager, and his second wife, Rosa Ann, née Brimsmead (1842–1931). At the age of five months she suffered an illness which resulted in paralysis from the waist down. For the rest of her life her legs were strapped in irons and she relied on the use of an invalid tricycle for mobility....

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Cover Billinghurst, (Rosa) May (1875–1953)

Billinghurst, (Rosa) May (1875–1953)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

(Rosa) May Billinghurst (1875–1953) by unknown photographer, 1908 [centre, on her invalid tricycle] Mary Evans

Article

Blathwayt, Mary (1879–1961), suffragette  

June Hannam

Blathwayt, Mary (1879–1961), suffragette, was born on 1 February 1879, the first of two children of Colonel Linley Blathwayt (1839–1919) and his wife, Emily née Rose (1852–1940). In 1882, when Colonel Blathwayt retired from active service in India, the family moved to live in ...

Article

Bowerman, Elsie Edith (1889–1973), suffragette and lawyer  

Elizabeth Crawford

Bowerman, Elsie Edith (1889–1973), suffragette and lawyer, was born on 18 December 1889 at Barnsbury Lodge, Garden Road, Tunbridge Wells, the only child of William Bowerman (c.1825–1895) and his wife, Edith Martha Barber (1864–1953). She was educated at Wycombe Abbey School...

Article

Brackenbury, Georgina Agnes (1865–1949), portrait painter and suffrage campaigner  

Margaret O'Sullivan

Brackenbury, Georgina Agnes (1865–1949), portrait painter and suffrage campaigner, was born at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, on 1 July 1865, the fifth of nine children of Charles Booth Brackenbury (1831–1890), an officer in the Royal Artillery who became director of the Artillery College, Woolwich...

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Cover Brackenbury, Georgina Agnes (1865–1949)

Brackenbury, Georgina Agnes (1865–1949)  

Maker: self-portrait

In 

Georgina Agnes Brackenbury (1865–1949) self-portrait © private collection

Article

Brailsford [née Malloch], Jane Esdon (1874–1937), suffragette  

F. M. Leventhal

Brailsford [née Malloch], Jane Esdon (1874–1937), suffragette, was born on 3 April 1874 in Elderslie, Renfrewshire, one of the six children of John Malloch (d. 1898), a Scottish cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Margaret Marion McLeod. On leaving Paisley grammar school...

Article

Carrie, Isabella Scrimgeour (1878–1981), suffragette and schoolteacher  

Sheila Hamilton

Carrie, Isabella Scrimgeour (1878–1981), suffragette and schoolteacher, was born on 3 May 1878 at 26 Wardmill Road in the parish of St Vigeans, Arbroath, the daughter of Richard Carrie (c.1836–1912), bleachfield worker, and his wife, Ann Robertson Harris (c.1842–1903)...

Article

See Chapin, Harold

Article

Codd, Clara Margaret (1876–1971), suffragette and theosophist  

Heloise Brown

Codd, Clara Margaret (1876–1971), suffragette and theosophist, was born on 10 October 1876 at Pill House, Bishops Tawton, Barnstaple, north Devon, the eldest of ten children of Henry Frederick Codd (d. 1899) and his wife, Clara Virginia, née Botto (1853–1927). She was educated at home by governesses, and at fifteen rejected Christianity and declared herself an atheist. When she was twenty-three her father, a school inspector, died and the family moved to ...

Article

Cohen [née Throp], Leonora (1873–1978), suffragette and trade unionist  

Diane Drummond

Cohen [née Throp], Leonora (1873–1978), suffragette and trade unionist, was born at 38 Chetwynd Street, Hunslet, Leeds, Yorkshire, on 15 June 1873, the only daughter of the Leeds sculptor and stone carver Canova Throp (1848–1879), and his wife, Jane, ...

Article

Crawfurd [née Jack; other married name Anderson], Helen (1877–1954), suffragette and communist  

Helen Corr

Crawfurd [née Jack; other married name Anderson], Helen (1877–1954), suffragette and communist, was born at 175 Cumberland Street, Glasgow, on 9 November 1877, the fourth of seven children of William Jack, a prosperous master baker, and his wife, Helen Kyle. Her parents had been married in ...

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Cover Davison, Emily Wilding (1872–1913)

Davison, Emily Wilding (1872–1913)  

Maker: Mrs Albert Broom

Emily Wilding Davison (1872–1913) by Mrs Albert Broom, 1910 [Members of the WSPU [left to right]: , Christabel Pankhurst (1880–1958), Sylvia Pankhurst (1882–1960), and ] © reserved; collection National Portrait Gallery, London