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Ashurst, William Henry [pseud. Edward Search] (bap. 1791?, d. 1855), lawyer and radical  

Matthew Lee

Ashurst, William Henry [pseud. Edward Search] (bap. 1791?, d. 1855), lawyer and radical, was born in London, and was probably the William Henry Ashurst baptized on 20 March 1791 at St Luke's, Old Street, the son of Brusel Ashurst and his wife, ...

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Cover Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923)

Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923)  

Maker: Héléna Arsène Darmesteter

In 

Sarah Ayrton [Hertha] (1854–1923), by Héléna Arsène Darmesteter

The Mistress and Fellows, Girton College, Cambridge

Article

Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923), electrical engineer and suffragist  

Joan Mason

Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923), electrical engineer and suffragist, was born Phoebe Sarah Marks on 28 April 1854 at 6 Queen Street, Portsea, Portsmouth, third child of Alice Theresa (d. 1898), seamstress, daughter of Joseph Moss, glass merchant of ...

Article

Baume, Pierre Henri Joseph (1797–1875), radical activist and eccentric  

Roger Cooter

Baume, Pierre Henri Joseph (1797–1875), radical activist and eccentric, was born at Marseilles on 17 October 1797, the son of Henri Joseph Baume (1770–1831) and Marie Claire Antoinette Merlat (1780–1837). His parents ran a wig-making shop and were inclined both to anti-clericalism and adultery. When he was still young his father moved to ...

Article

Black, Clementina Maria (1853–1922), political activist, suffragist, and writer  

Janet E. Grenier

Black, Clementina Maria (1853–1922), political activist, suffragist, and writer, was born on 27 July 1853 in Brighton, the eldest girl in the family of five daughters and three sons of David Black, solicitor, town clerk, and coroner of Brighton, and his wife, Clara Maria (1825–1875)...

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Cover Black, Clementina Maria (1853–1922)

Black, Clementina Maria (1853–1922)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Clementina Maria Black (1853–1922) by unknown photographer, pubd 1912 The Women's Library, London Metropolitan University

Article

Blackner, John (1770?–1816), radical and county historian  

Mark Pottle

Blackner, John (1770?–1816), radical and county historian, was born in Ilkeston, Derbyshire. He served an apprenticeship to a stocking maker in his native town, and there married Sarah, née Brown, sister of a 'respectable' farmer in Kirk Hallam, Derbyshire, with whom he had four sons and three daughters. Illiterate at the time of his marriage, he taught himself to read and write soon after moving to ...

Article

Bonner, Hypatia Bradlaugh (1858–1935), freethinker and radical  

Edward Royle

Bonner, Hypatia Bradlaugh (1858–1935), freethinker and radical, was born in London on 30 March 1858 at 3 Hedger's Terrace, Hackney, the second child of Charles Bradlaugh (1833–1891), politician and freethinker, and Susannah Lamb Hooper (d. 1877). Her elder sister, Alice Bradlaugh (...

Article

Bosville, William (1745–1813), society host and radical  

Philip Carter

Bosville, William (1745–1813), society host and radical, was born on 21 July 1745, the eldest son of Godfrey Bosville of Gunthwaite, Yorkshire, and his wife, Diana, the eldest daughter of Sir William Wentworth, baronet, of West Bretton. Bosville was able to trace his family back to the reign of ...

Article

Codd, Clara Margaret (1876–1971), suffragette and theosophist  

Heloise Brown

Codd, Clara Margaret (1876–1971), suffragette and theosophist, was born on 10 October 1876 at Pill House, Bishops Tawton, Barnstaple, north Devon, the eldest of ten children of Henry Frederick Codd (d. 1899) and his wife, Clara Virginia, née Botto (1853–1927). She was educated at home by governesses, and at fifteen rejected Christianity and declared herself an atheist. When she was twenty-three her father, a school inspector, died and the family moved to ...

Article

Collet, Collet Dobson (1812–1898), radical and tax reformer  

Miles Taylor

Collet, Collet Dobson (1812–1898), radical and tax reformer, was born on 31 December 1812 in London. He was the eldest son of John Dobson (1778–1827), a London merchant, and his wife (and first cousin), Elizabeth Barker (1787–1875). Collet assumed the name of his maternal grandparents, as did his sister, ...

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Cover Collet, Collet Dobson (1812–1898)

Collet, Collet Dobson (1812–1898)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Collet Dobson Collet (1812–1898) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Cooper, Thomas (1805–1892), Chartist and religious lecturer  

Stephen Roberts

Cooper, Thomas (1805–1892), Chartist and religious lecturer, was born on 20 March 1805 in Leicester, the illegitimate son of a dyer. His mother continued working as a dyer after the early death of Cooper's father, which indicates that the relationship was more than transitory. Living in ...

Article

Davenport, Allen (1775–1846), radical  

Malcolm Chase

Davenport, Allen (1775–1846), radical, was born on 1 May 1775 in Ewen, Gloucestershire. One of a hand-loom weaver's ten children, he was entirely self-educated. At nineteen he enlisted in the Windsor foresters, a light cavalry regiment, with which he served mainly in Scotland...

Article

Deroin, Jeanne (1805–1894), suffragist and socialist  

Pamela Pilbeam

Deroin, Jeanne (1805–1894), suffragist and socialist, was born in Paris on 31 December 1805. A seamstress with little formal schooling, in 1831 she was introduced to the Saint-Simonian sect by her future husband, Antoine Ulysse Desroches, the bursar of an old people's home. All acolytes were required to sign a statement of their beliefs and most wrote a fairly standard single sentence. ...

Article

Detrosier, Rowland [formerly Rowley Barnes] (1800?–1834), freethinking radical and popular lecturer  

Matthew Lee

Detrosier, Rowland [formerly Rowley Barnes] (1800?–1834), freethinking radical and popular lecturer, was born in London, the son of a Manchester merchant, Robert Norris, and a Frenchwoman named Detrosier. His parents abandoned him soon after his birth and he was adopted by a Swedenborgian tailor from ...

Article

Foote, George William (1850–1915), radical journalist and secularist  

Edward Royle

Foote, George William (1850–1915), radical journalist and secularist, was born at 2 How Street Cottages, Plymouth, on 11 January 1850, the son of William Thomas Foot, customs officer, who died when he was about four. He was brought up an Anglican by his mother, ...

Article

Gast, John (c. 1772–1837), trade unionist and radical  

Iorwerth Prothero

Gast, John (c. 1772–1837), trade unionist and radical, was born in Bristol, the son of Robert Gast, a seller of milk. He had at least two brothers, and at some time married Elizabeth, who outlived him, but nothing else is known of his family. Soon after finishing his apprenticeship he left ...

Article

Greig, Teresa Mary Billington- (1876–1964), suffragette and political theorist  

D. Thom

Greig, Teresa Mary Billington- (1876–1964), suffragette and political theorist, was born at 197 Friargate, Preston, Lancashire, on 15 October 1876, the second daughter of William Billington, variously described as an engineer, shopkeeper, and shipping clerk, and his wife, Helen (or Ellen) Wilson. She was educated until the age of thirteen at the ...

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Cover Greig, Teresa Mary Billington- (1876–1964)

Greig, Teresa Mary Billington- (1876–1964)  

Maker: unknown photographer

In 

Teresa Mary Billington- Greig (1876–1964) by unknown photographer The Women's Library, London Metropolitan University