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Ashburnham, John (1602/3–1671), courtier and politician  

Sean Kelsey

Ashburnham, John (1602/3–1671), courtier and politician, was the eldest son of Sir John Ashburnham (1570/71–1620) and Elizabeth (1577–1651), daughter of Sir Thomas Beaumont. William Ashburnham, army officer and politician, was his younger brother. He was educated at Gray's Inn and Peterhouse, Cambridge. His father died in 1620, having wasted his estate and leaving his family in penury. But within two years his heir had so far repaired their broken fortune, that (says the epitaph in ...

Article

Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666), courtier and politician  

David L. Smith

Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666), courtier and politician, was the eldest of three illegitimate sons of Charles Blount, earl of Devonshire (1563–1606), and Lady Penelope Rich (1563–1607), daughter of Walter Devereux, first earl of Essex; his parents were eventually to marry, contrary to canon law, in 1605. He was the half-brother of ...

Image

Cover Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666)

Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666)  

Maker: Sir Anthony Van Dyck

In 

Mountjoy Blount, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, c. 1637–8 Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection

Article

Boscawen, Hugh, first Viscount Falmouth (c. 1680–1734), politician and courtier  

A. A. Hanham

Boscawen, Hugh, first Viscount Falmouth (c. 1680–1734), politician and courtier, was the eldest surviving son of Edward Boscawen (1628–1685), a wealthy Turkey merchant and MP, and his wife, Jael (d. 1730), the daughter of Sir Francis Godolphin. Both parents were of prominent Cornish landed families, and their connections at the very heart of politics ensured the future path of ...

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Cover Cecil, Robert, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612)

Cecil, Robert, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612)  

Maker: John de Critz the elder

In 

Robert Cecil, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612) by John de Critz the elder The Marquess of Salisbury. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Article

Cecil, Robert, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612), politician and courtier  

Pauline Croft

Cecil, Robert, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612), politician and courtier, was born on 1 June 1563 at Cecil House, Strand, Westminster, the second surviving child and only son of William Cecil, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), statesman, then secretary of state and from 1572 lord treasurer, and his second wife, ...

Article

Coke, Thomas (bap. 1674, d. 1727), politician and court official  

R. O. Bucholz

Coke, Thomas (bap. 1674, d. 1727), politician and court official, was baptized on 19 February 1674 at Melbourne, Derbyshire, the great-grandson of Sir John Coke (1563–1644), politician, and the eldest son of John Coke (c.1653–1692) of Melbourne Hall and his wife, ...

Article

Conway, Francis Seymour-, first marquess of Hertford (1718–1794), courtier and politician  

William C. Lowe

Conway, Francis Seymour-, first marquess of Hertford (1718–1794), courtier and politician, was born on 5 July 1718 in Lindsey House, Chelsea, Middlesex, the son and heir of Francis Seymour-Conway, first Baron Conway of Ragley (1679–1732), politician, and his third wife, Charlotte (d...

Article

FitzRoy, Charles, second duke of Grafton (1683–1757), courtier and politician  

A. A. Hanham

FitzRoy, Charles, second duke of Grafton (1683–1757), courtier and politician, was born at Arlington House, London, on 25 October 1683 and was baptized there on 30 October, the only child of Henry FitzRoy, first duke of Grafton (1663–1690), and his wife, Isabella (1667/8–1723)...

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Cover Fremantle, Sir William Henry (1766–1850)

Fremantle, Sir William Henry (1766–1850)  

Maker: Edward Scriven

In 

Sir William Henry Fremantle (1766–1850) by Edward Scriven, pubd 1822 (after Abraham Wivell, c. 1820) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Fremantle, Sir William Henry (1766–1850), politician and courtier  

G. B. Smith

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Fremantle, Sir William Henry (1766–1850), politician and courtier, the youngest son of John Fremantle (d. 1784) of Aston Abbots, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Frances, daughter of John Edwards of Bristol, was born on 28 December 1766. The naval officer Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle...

Article

See Gates, Sir John

Article

Godolphin, Francis, second earl of Godolphin (1678–1766), politician and officer of the royal household  

G. C. Boase

revised by Philip Carter

Godolphin, Francis, second earl of Godolphin (1678–1766), politician and officer of the royal household, was born on 3 September 1678 in Whitehall, London, and baptized on the same day. He was the only child of Sidney Godolphin, first earl of Godolphin (1645–1712), and his wife, ...

Article

Grahme, James (1650–1730), courtier and politician  

Eveline Cruickshanks

Grahme, James (1650–1730), courtier and politician, was born at Norton Conyers, Yorkshire, in March 1650 and baptized on 3 April, the second son of Sir George Grahme, baronet (c.1624–1658), of Netherby, Cumberland, and his wife, Lady Mary Johnston, second daughter of ...

Article

Grey, Henry, duke of Kent (bap. 1671, d. 1740), courtier and politician  

Philip Carter

Grey, Henry, duke of Kent (bap. 1671, d. 1740), courtier and politician, the only son and heir of Anthony Grey, eleventh earl of Kent (1645–1702), and Mary, suo jure Baroness Lucas of Crudwell (d. 1702), daughter of John Lucas, first Baron Lucas of Shenfield...

Article

Hatton, Sir Christopher (c. 1540–1591), courtier and politician  

Wallace T. MacCaffrey

Hatton, Sir Christopher (c. 1540–1591), courtier and politician, was the second son of William Hatton (d. 1547) of Holdenby, Northamptonshire, and Alice, daughter of Lawrence Saunders. The family were lesser gentry with modest resources. Hatton entered St Mary Hall, Oxford, c.1556–7, probably as a gentleman commoner, where ...

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Cover Hatton, Sir Christopher (c. 1540–1591)

Hatton, Sir Christopher (c. 1540–1591)  

Maker: Nicholas Hilliard

In 

Sir Christopher Hatton (c. 1540–1591) by Nicholas Hilliard, c. 1588–91 V&A Images, The Victoria and Albert Museum

Article

Herbert, Philip, first earl of Montgomery and fourth earl of Pembroke (1584–1650), courtier and politician  

David L. Smith

Herbert, Philip, first earl of Montgomery and fourth earl of Pembroke (1584–1650), courtier and politician, was born on 10 October 1584 at Wilton House, Wiltshire, the younger son of Henry Herbert, second earl of Pembroke (d. 1601), and his third wife, Mary Herbert, ...

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Cover Herbert, Philip, first earl of Montgomery and fourth earl of Pembroke (1584–1650)

Herbert, Philip, first earl of Montgomery and fourth earl of Pembroke (1584–1650)  

Maker: Sir Anthony Van Dyck

Philip Herbert, first earl of Montgomery and fourth earl of Pembroke (1584–1650) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, 1635–8 Collection of the Earl of Pembroke and Trustees of Wilton House Trust, Wilton House, Salisbury, UK

Article

Hervey, Carr, Lord Hervey (1691–1723)  

See Hervey, John, first earl of Bristol