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Alcock, John (1430–1500), administrator and bishop of Ely  

R. J. Schoeck

Alcock, John (1430–1500), administrator and bishop of Ely, was born at Beverley, Yorkshire, the son of William Alcock of Hull. Alcock received his early schooling in the grammar school attached to Beverley Minster, and then attended Cambridge University. DCL by 1459, he began his career in local diocesan administration in ...

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Cover Arundel, Thomas (1353–1414)
Thomas Arundel (1353–1414) illuminated initial © The Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

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Arundel [Fitzalan], Thomas (1353–1414), administrator and archbishop of Canterbury  

Jonathan Hughes

Arundel [Fitzalan], Thomas (1353–1414), administrator and archbishop of Canterbury, was the third son of Richard (II) Fitzalan, third earl of Arundel and eighth earl of Surrey (c. 1313–1376), and his wife, Eleanor (d. 1372), the daughter of Henry, earl of Lancaster, and widow of ...

Article

Audley, Thomas, Baron Audley of Walden (1487/8–1544), lord chancellor  

L. L. Ford

Audley, Thomas, Baron Audley of Walden (1487/8–1544), lord chancellor, was born at Hay House, Earls Colne, Essex, the son of Geoffrey Audley, administrator, of Berechurch, Essex. At an unknown date he was sent to Buckingham College, Cambridge, which he re-established as Magdalene College...

Article

Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626), lord chancellor, politician, and philosopher  

Markku Peltonen

Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626), lord chancellor, politician, and philosopher, was born on 22 January 1561 at York House in the Strand, London, the second of the two sons of Sir Nicholas Bacon (1510–1579), lord keeper, and his second wife, Anne (...

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Cover Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban  (1561–1626)

Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626)  

Maker: Abraham van Blyenberch

In 

Francis Bacon, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626) attrib. Abraham van Blyenberch, c. 1618 © Royal Society

Article

Baldock, Ralph (d. 1313), administrator and bishop of London  

H. A. Tipping

revised by M. C. Buck

Baldock, Ralph (d. 1313), administrator and bishop of London, was first recorded in February 1275, when he was admitted as rector of Little Woolstone in Buckinghamshire. In St Paul's he held, probably successively, the prebendal stalls of Holborn and Newington and is also found as prebendary of ...

Article

Baldock, Robert (d. 1327), administrator  

Roy Martin Haines

Baldock, Robert (d. 1327), administrator, was of obscure origins, but was probably born in Baldock in Hertfordshire. He was an executor, and almost certainly a relative, of Ralph Baldock (d. 1313), bishop of London (1306–13) whose family name, the Pauline annalist suggests, was ...

Article

Bathurst, Henry, second Earl Bathurst (1714–1794), lord chancellor  

N. G. Jones

Bathurst, Henry, second Earl Bathurst (1714–1794), lord chancellor, was born on 20 May 1714, the second son of Allen Bathurst, first Earl Bathurst (1684–1775), and his wife, Catherine (bap. 1688, d. 1768), daughter of Sir Peter Apsley of Apsley, Sussex, and his wife, ...

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Cover Beaufort, Henry (1375?–1447)
Henry Beaufort (1375?–1447) stone effigy © English Heritage. NMR

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Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal  

G. L. Harriss

Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal, was the second of four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403), daughter of the Hainaulter Sir Payn Roelt, who was governess to the duke's children [...

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Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier  

G. L. Harriss

Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier, was the youngest of the three illegitimate sons of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, and Katherine Swynford [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster]. His brothers were John Beaufort and Henry Beaufort...

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Cover Becket, Thomas [St Thomas of Canterbury] (1120?–1170)

Becket, Thomas [St Thomas of Canterbury] (1120?–1170)  

In 

Thomas Becket (1120?–1170) manuscript illumination The British Library

Article

Becket, Thomas [St Thomas of Canterbury, Thomas of London] (1120?–1170), archbishop of Canterbury  

Frank Barlow

Becket, Thomas [St Thomas of Canterbury, Thomas of London] (1120?–1170), archbishop of Canterbury, was a London merchant's son who rose to be royal chancellor then archbishop, only to be murdered in his cathedral church. His posthumous reputation as a saint and martyr, with enduring thaumaturgical powers, was considerable throughout western Christendom, and in ...

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Cover Bethell, Richard, first Baron Westbury (1800–1873)

Bethell, Richard, first Baron Westbury (1800–1873)  

Maker: Sir Francis Grant

In 

Richard Bethell, first Baron Westbury (1800–1873) by Sir Francis Grant, 1862 by kind permission of the Masters of the Bench of the Honourable Society of the Middle Temple. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Bethell, Richard, first Baron Westbury (1800–1873), lord chancellor  

R. C. J. Cocks

Bethell, Richard, first Baron Westbury (1800–1873), lord chancellor, was born at Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire, on 30 June 1800, the son of Richard Bethell MD (d. 1831) of Bristol, and Jane Baverstock (d. 1825). After an education at Bath and Bristol he was taken at the age of fourteen to ...

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Bloet, Robert (d. 1123), administrator and bishop of Lincoln  

Dorothy M. Owen

Bloet, Robert (d. 1123), administrator and bishop of Lincoln, was Norman by birth, a member of the baronial family of Ivry. Hugues, bishop of Bayeux, and Jean, archbishop of Rouen, were his kinsmen. A chaplain of William I, in September 1087 Bloet was dispatched to ...

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Booth [Bothe], Laurence (c. 1420–1480), bishop of Durham and archbishop of York  

A. J. Pollard

Booth [Bothe], Laurence (c. 1420–1480), bishop of Durham and archbishop of York, was the illegitimate and probably youngest son of John Booth of Barton in Eccles, Lancashire (d. 1422). His mother is unknown. He was educated at Pembroke College, Cambridge, from which he took degrees in both civil and canon law by 1448. In 1442 he received papal dispensation as a son of unmarried parents for promotion to holy orders, and was duly ordained priest in 1446. By then he had already been presented to the rectory of ...

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Bourchier [Bousser], Robert, first Lord Bourchier (d. 1349), administrator  

Richard K. Rose

Bourchier [Bousser], Robert, first Lord Bourchier (d. 1349), administrator, was the son of Sir John Bousser (d. 1329/30), a judge of the common pleas, and his wife, Helen, daughter of Walter of Colchester. The family's estates lay in Essex, where Robert later added substantially to them, especially in and around ...

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Bourchier, Thomas (c. 1411–1486), cardinal and archbishop of Canterbury  

Linda Clark

Bourchier, Thomas (c. 1411–1486), cardinal and archbishop of Canterbury, was probably the second son of William Bourchier, count of Eu (c. 1374–1420), and Anne of Woodstock, daughter and heir of Thomas of Woodstock, duke of Gloucester, and granddaughter of Edward III. His mother's second marriage, to ...