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Conder, Peter John (1919–1993), ornithologist and conservationist, was born on 20 March 1919 at 81 Thornton Avenue, Streatham, London, the son of John Reynolds Conder, a shipbroker, and his wife Edna Frances, née Benson. Conder's interest in birds began with egg collecting, an activity he later opposed. He was educated at ...

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Gerrard, Edward (1810–1910), taxidermist, was born in Oxford on 20 October 1810, the son of Edward Gerrard, greengrocer. After moving to London with his parents he was employed by the Zoological Society of London from 1836 as assistant to George Robert Waterhouse, curator of the society's museum. His work with the museum's collections of vertebrata was the basis of his zoological knowledge. He married, on 28 September 1837, ...

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Gunn, Thomas Edward (1844–1923), taxidermist, was born at Trafalgar Street, Lakenham, Norwich, Norfolk, on 5 November 1844, the son of Robert Gunn, coachbuilder, and his wife, Charlotte, née Hipper. After attending the Norwich Blue Coat School he was apprenticed aged fourteen to John Sayer...

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Kear, Janet (1933–2004), ornithologist and conservationist, was born on 13 January 1933 at 26 Mount Park Road, Ealing, Middlesex, the younger daughter of Harold Kear, trade association clerk (later chartered secretary), and his wife, Constance May, née Betteridge. She had an older sister, ...

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Moore, (Sir) Norman Winfrid, third baronet (1923–2015), conservationist, entomologist, and ecologist, was born on 24 February 1923 at the North-Eastern Hospital for Children, 29 Lower Seymour Street, London, the oldest of four children of Sir Alan Hilary Moore, second baronet (1882–1959), surgeon and medical officer of health, and his wife, ...

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(Edward) Max Nicholson (1904–2003) by Roy Jones, 1967 Getty Images

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Nicholson, (Edward) Max (1904–2003), ornithologist and environmentalist, was born on 12 July 1904 at Kilternan, co. Dublin, Ireland, the elder son of Edward Prichard Nicholson (1875–1945), photographer, and his wife, Constance Caroline, née Oldmeadow (1875–1945), daughter of the chief clerk and chief superintendent of the ...

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Dame Miriam Louisa Rothschild (1908–2005) by Tessa Traeger, 2001 © Tessa Traeger / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Rothschild, Dame Miriam Louisa (1908–2005), naturalist, entomologist, and conservationist, was born on 5 August 1908 at Ashton Wold, Ashton, near Oundle, Northamptonshire, the eldest daughter of (Nathaniel) Charles Rothschild (1877–1923), merchant, banker, and conservationist, and his wife, Rozsika (1870–1940), third daughter of Colonel Alfred von Wertheimstein...

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Rothschild, (Nathaniel) Charles (1877–1923), banker, entomologist, and conservationist, was born on 9 May 1877 at 6 Buckingham Gate, Belgravia, London, the second son and the youngest of three children of Nathaniel Mayer de Rothschild, first Baron Rothschild (1840–1915), banker and MP, and his wife, ...

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Rowan, William (1891–1957), zoologist and conservationist, was born at the Schlössli, Schloss Binningen, Basel, Switzerland, on 29 July 1891, the fifth child of Irish railway engineer William Robert Rowan (1841–1900) and his Danish wife, Gerdine Atalia Jacobsen (1851–1939). Field Marshal Sir William Rowan (1789–1879)...

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Waterston, George (1911–1980), ornithologist and conservationist, was born on 10 April 1911 in Edinburgh, the oldest of the seven children (four boys and three girls) of Robert Waterston (1878–1969), director of George Waterston & Sons, Edinburgh, stationers and printers (founded by Robert's great-great-grandfather), and his wife, ...