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Sir Otto John Beit, first baronet (1865–1930) by H. Walter Barnett © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beit, Sir Otto John, first baronet (1865–1930), financier, philanthropist, and art connoisseur, was born on 7 December 1865 in Hamburg, Germany, twelve years after his brother Alfred Beit. He was the third son of Siegfried Beit (1818–1881), silk merchant, and his wife, Laura Caroline Hahn (...

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Cooper, (Arthur William) Douglas (1911–1984), art historian and collector, was born at 49 Sloane Gardens, Chelsea, London, on 20 February 1911, the first of three sons (there were no daughters) of Arthur Hamilton Cooper, captain in the Essex regiment and of independent means, and his wife, ...

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Ede, Harold Stanley [Jim] (1895–1990), museum curator and art collector, was born on 7 April 1895 in Penarth, Glamorgan, the younger son and second of three children of Edward Hornby Ede (1862–1940), solicitor, of Penarth, and his wife, Mildred Mary Furley (1866–1953), sometime schoolteacher, only daughter of ...

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Charles Drury Edward Fortnum (1820–1899) by Charles Alexander Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Fortnum, Charles Drury Edward (1820–1899), art collector and art historian, was born on 2 March 1820 in Holloway, London, the son of Charles Fortnum (1770–1860), merchant, and his second wife, Laetitia Stephens (1782–1853), widow of Lieutenant Robert Basden RN (d. 1810). He was baptized ...

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Gulston, Joseph (1744/5–1786), book and art collector and connoisseur, was the eldest son of Joseph Gulston (1693/4–1766), a successful loan contractor with mercantile interests in Lisbon, and his wife, Mericas Sylva (1714/15–1799), the daughter of a Portuguese merchant. His father became MP in turn for ...

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Harari, Ralph Andrew (1893–1969), merchant banker and art scholar and collector, was born on 28 October 1893 in Cairo, the third child and elder son of Sir Victor Harari Pasha, civil servant, financier, and leading member of Egypt's Anglo-Jewish community, and his wife, ...

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Hope, Thomas (1769–1831), art collector and connoisseur, was born in Amsterdam on 30 August 1769, the eldest of the three sons of John Hope (1737–1784) [see under Hope family (per. c. 1700-1813)] and his wife, Philippina Barbara van der Hoeven (...

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Horne, Herbert Percy (1864–1916), architect, art collector, and art historian, was born at 10 Russell Square, London, on 18 February 1864, the son of Horace Horne (d. 1894), architect, and his wife, Hannah Louisa Gibson (d. 1903). After attending Miss Moore's day school...

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See Lyon, David, senior

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Mahon, Sir (John) Denis (1910–2011), art historian and collector, was born on 8 November 1910 at 33 Cadogan Square, Chelsea, London, the only child of John FitzGerald Mahon (1858–1942), fourth son of the Revd Sir William Mahon, fourth baronet, of Castlegar, co. Galway...

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Sir (John) Denis Mahon (1910–2011) by Lucy Anne Dickens, 2001 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mitchell, William (1821/2–1908), print collector and connoisseur, had Scottish and German connections. From the evidence of the 1861, 1871, and 1901 census returns he appears to have been born a British subject in Baden, Germany, though his parentage remains unknown. Sidney Colvin, former keeper of the ...

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Oppé, Adolph Paul (1878–1957), art historian and art collector, was born at 157 The Grove, Camberwell, London, on 22 September 1878, the third son of Siegmund Armin Oppé, a silk merchant, and his wife, Pauline Jaffé. His birth certificate gives his name as ...

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Ottley, William Young (1771–1836), writer on art and collector, was born near Thatcham, Berkshire, on 6 August 1771, the son of a plantation owner, Richard Ottley. He was educated at a school near Richmond, Yorkshire, where he was a pupil of George Cuitt the elder...

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Maker: unknown photographer

Edith May Pretty (1883–1942) by unknown photographer, c.1939 © National Trust Images / Sutton Hoo

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Pretty [née Dempster], Edith May (1883–1942), landowner and benefactor, was born on 1 August 1883 at Elland, near Halifax, Yorkshire, the second daughter of Robert Dempster (d. 1925), then a gas engineer employed in his father's company, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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Rawlinson, William George (1840–1928), art historian and collector, was born on 23 December 1840 in Silver Street, Taunton, Somerset, the only son of William Rawlinson, who owned a silk mill there, and his wife, Harriet Jeboult. Nothing is known of his education; about 1865 young ...

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Sir John Charles Robinson (1824–1913) by John James Napier © National Portrait Gallery, London