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Richard Boyle, third earl of Burlington and fourth earl of Cork (1694–1753) by Jonathan Richardson the elder, c. 1717–19 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Boyle, Richard, third earl of Burlington and fourth earl of Cork (1694–1753), architect, collector, and patron of the arts, was born on 25 April 1694 at Burlington House, Piccadilly, London, the only son of Charles Boyle, second earl of Burlington and third earl of Cork...

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George Nassau Clavering Cowper, third Earl Cowper (1738–1789) by Johan Zoffany, c. 1773 private collection. Photograph: The Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art

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Cowper, George Nassau Clavering, third Earl Cowper (1738–1789), art collector and patron, was born on 26 August 1738 and baptized on 17 September at St George's, Hanover Square, London. He was the only son and second child of William, second Earl Cowper (1709–1764)...

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Falcke, Isaac (1819–1909), art collector and benefactor, was born in Great Yarmouth, one of some twenty children of Jacob Falcke. His father moved to London soon after Isaac's birth and started a business as an art dealer in Oxford Street; in due course he was joined by his sons ...

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Fitzwilliam, Richard, seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745–1816), collector, connoisseur, and museum founder, was born on 1 August 1745 in Richmond, Surrey, the son of Richard Fitzwilliam, sixth Viscount Fitzwilliam (d. 1776), and his wife Catherine Decker (c.1710–1786), eldest daughter of the Dutch-born merchant and political economist, ...

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Margaret Emilia Gardiner (1904–2005) by unknown photographer, c. 1980 Pier Arts Centre; licensor SCRAN

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Gardiner, Margaret Emilia (1904–2005), patron of the arts, was born on 22 April 1904 in Berlin, the only daughter and second of the three children of Sir Alan Henderson Gardiner (1879–1963), Egyptologist, and his wife, Hedwig (Heddie), née von Rosen (d. 1964)...

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Graham, William (1817–1885), collector and art patron, was born on 25 August 1817 in Glasgow, the eldest son of William Graham (1795/6–1855), a merchant of Burnshiels, Renfrewshire, and Catherine, daughter of J. Swanston. He was educated privately and at Glasgow University, and succeeded his father as senior partner in the family business, ...

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Aletheia Howard, countess of Arundel, of Surrey, and of Norfolk, and suo jure Baroness Furnivall, Baroness Talbot, and Baroness Strange of Blackmere (d. 1654) by Daniel Mytens, c. 1618 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Howard, Aletheia [née Talbot], countess of Arundel, of Surrey, and of Norfolk, and suo jure Baroness Furnivall, Baroness Talbot, and Baroness Strange of Blackmere (d. 1654), patron and collector of art, was born after 1582, the youngest of five children of Gilbert Talbot, ...

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Ionides, Alexander Constantine (1810–1890), art collector and patron, was born on 1 September 1810 in Constantinople, the fourth of eleven children of Constantine Ipliktzis (1775–1852) and his wife, Mariora Sendoukaki (1784–1857). Constantine had established a branch of his trading firm in London about 1815 and ...

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Ionides, Constantine Alexander (1833–1900), art patron and collector, was born on 14 May 1833 in Smedley Lane, Cheetham Hill, Manchester, the eldest of the five children of Alexander Constantine Ionides (1810–1890), formerly Alexander Constantine Ipliktzis, and his wife, Euterpe (1816–1892), daughter of Lucas Sgouta...

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Jones, John (1798/9–1882), art patron and collector, was born in Middlesex; nothing is known of his parentage. After serving his apprenticeship he set up in business about 1825 as a tailor and army clothier at 6 Waterloo Place, London, moving to 6–8 Regent Street...

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G. S. Layard

revised by Sharon E. Fermor

Sheepshanks, John (1787–1863), art collector and patron, was born in Leeds, where his father, Joseph Sheepshanks, was a wealthy cloth manufacturer. His mother was Anne Wilson of a Westmorland family; Richard Sheepshanks (1794–1855), the well-known astronomer, was his younger brother. John Sheepshanks retired before the age of forty, until which time he was a partner in his father's firm of ...

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Helen Christian Sutherland (1881–1965) by unknown photographer © reserved / print supplied by Tate Gallery Archive

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Sutherland [married name Denman], Helen Christian (1881–1965), collector and patron of the arts, was born on 24 February 1881 at 167 Cromwell Road, Kensington, London, the eldest of three children and the only daughter of Sir Thomas Sutherland (1834–1922), shipowner and Liberal Unionist MP for ...

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Sir Henry Tate, first baronet (1819–1899) by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, 1897 © Tate, London, 2004

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Tate, Sir Henry, first baronet (1819–1899), sugar refiner and benefactor, was born at Chorley in Lancashire on 11 March 1819, the eleventh child of the Revd William Tate (1773–1836), and his wife, Agnes, daughter of Nathaniel Booth of Gildestone, Yorkshire. Tate's parents had twelve children in all, four having died before ...

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Vernon, Robert (1774/5–1849), art collector and patron, was the son of William Vernon (d. 1801) and his wife, Mary. His father was a hackneyman in Mount Street, Berkeley Square, London, from 1793 until his death in December 1801, when his estate was valued at ...