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Armstrong, Edward Allworthy (1900–1978), ornithologist and Church of England clergyman, was born at Corlea, Lowwood, Belfast, on 8 October 1900, the younger child and only son of Hamilton Armstrong, manufacturer's agent, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth Susan, daughter of Dr Samuel W. Allworthy...

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Sir Walter Lawry Buller (1838–1906) by Ethel Mortlock, c. 1901 Collection of the Museum of New Zealand, Te Papa Tongarewa (B.041113)

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Buller, Sir Walter Lawry (1838–1906), ornithologist, was born on 9 October 1838 at Newark Wesleyan mission station in Pakanae, Hokianga region, New Zealand, the second of the ten children of James Buller (1812–1884), Wesleyan missionary, and his wife, Jane Tonkin Martin (1808–1884), both of ...

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Conder, Peter John (1919–1993), ornithologist and conservationist, was born on 20 March 1919 at 81 Thornton Avenue, Streatham, London, the son of John Reynolds Conder, a shipbroker, and his wife Edna Frances, née Benson. Conder's interest in birds began with egg collecting, an activity he later opposed. He was educated at ...

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Cotton, John (1802–1849), pastoralist and ornithologist in Australia, was born at Balham Hill, Surrey, the third son of William Cotton (1759–1816), a prosperous clerk in the London custom house, and his wife, Catherine Savery (d. 1803). An older brother was the art collector ...

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George Edwards (1694–1773) by Johann Sebastian Müller, 1754 (after Bartholomew Dandridge) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Edwards, George (1694–1773), ornithologist and artist, was born on 3 April 1694 at Stratford, West Ham, Essex, to a family of Welsh descent. He was educated at a boarding-school in Leytonstone and at Brentwood grammar school. He was then apprenticed to John Dod...

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Gwynne Vevers

revised by Clemency Thorne Fisher

Fisher, James Maxwell McConnell (1912–1970), ornithologist, was born in Clifton, Bristol, on 3 September 1912. He was the eldest son of Kenneth Fisher (1882–1945), a chemistry master at Clifton College (and later headmaster of Oundle), and his wife, (Constance) Isabel (1881–1975), daughter of ...

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P. E. Matheson

revised by Myfanwy Lloyd

Fowler, William Warde (1847–1921), historian and ornithologist, was born at Langford Budville, Somerset, on 16 May 1847, the second son of John Coke Fowler, stipendiary magistrate at Merthyr Tudful and afterwards at Swansea, and his first wife, Augusta Bacon, granddaughter of John Bacon RA...

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John Gould (1804–1881) by Ernest Edwards, pubd 1864 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gould, John (1804–1881), ornithologist and publisher, was born at Lyme Regis, Dorset, on 14 September 1804, the son of John Gould, a gardener, and his wife, Elizabeth Clatworthy. Very early in Gould's life the family moved to Stoke Hill near Guildford, where three younger sisters were born and where he probably went to school. When ...

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Howard, (Henry) Eliot (1873–1940), ornithologist and businessman, was born on 13 November 1873 at Stone House, Stone, near Kidderminster, Worcestershire, the second son in the family of three sons and two daughters of Henry Howard (1848–1934), army officer, landowner, and businessman, and his wife, ...

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Allan Octavian Hume (1829–1912) by unknown photographer Getty Images

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Hume, Allan Octavian (1829–1912), administrator in India, founder of the Indian National Congress, and ornithologist, was born on 4 June 1829 at St Mary Cray, Kent, seventh child of Joseph Hume MP (1777–1855) and his wife, Maria Burnley (b. 1786). He grew up in the radical family environment of ...

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Irby, Leonard Howard Loyd (1836–1905), army officer and ornithologist, born at Boyland Hall, Morningthorpe, Norfolk, on 13 April 1836, was the son of Rear-Admiral the Hon. Frederick Paul Irby (1779–1844) and his second wife, Frances (d. 1852), daughter of Ichabod Wright of ...

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Jourdain, Francis Charles Robert (1865–1940), ornithologist and Church of England clergyman, was born on 4 March 1865, at Adenshaw Lodge, near Manchester, the eldest of the five sons of Francis Jourdain (1834–1898), later vicar of Ashbourne, Derbyshire, and his wife, Emily, daughter of ...

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Kear, Janet (1933–2004), ornithologist and conservationist, was born on 13 January 1933 at 26 Mount Park Road, Ealing, Middlesex, the younger daughter of Harold Kear, trade association clerk (later chartered secretary), and his wife, Constance May, née Betteridge. She had an older sister, ...

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Maker: Elliott & Fry

David Lambert Lack (1910–1973) by Elliott & Fry, 1952 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lack, David Lambert (1910–1973), ornithologist, was born on 16 July 1910 in London, the eldest in the family of three sons and one daughter of Harry Lambert Lack, ear, nose, and throat surgeon, and his wife, Kathleen, an actress, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel McNeil Rind...

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Salmon, John Drew (1802–1859), ornithologist and botanist, was born on 4 September 1802, the eldest of the surviving family of seven sons and two daughters of Thomas Salmon (c.1775–1852), a maltster and corn merchant, and Elizabeth, née Drew (1783–1836), both of ...