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Canterbury, Gervase of (b. c. 1145, d. in or after 1210), Benedictine monk, chronicler, and topographer, was a member of the cathedral priory of Christ Church, Canterbury, where he was professed by Archbishop Thomas Becket early in 1163. Becket also ordained him, but not necessarily on the same occasion, and on balance it is likely that ...

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Cox, Thomas (1655/6–1734), historian and Church of England clergyman, was born in Essex, probably near Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, where he attended the free grammar school. At the age of sixteen he was admitted sizar at Queens' College, Cambridge, on 27 March 1672 and he matriculated in the same year, graduating BA in 1675 and proceeding MA in 1679. He was ordained deacon in ...

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Hereford Brooke George (1838–1910) by unknown photographer Alpine Club Photo Library, London

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R. S. Rait

revised by Robin A. Butlin

George, Hereford Brooke (1838–1910), historian and geographer, born at Bath on 1 January 1838, was the eldest of the three children (two daughters and a son) of Richard Francis George, a surgeon, and his wife, Elizabeth Brooke. He entered Winchester College as a scholar in 1849, and was elected to a fellowship at ...

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Harrison, William (1535–1593), historian and topographer, was born in the 'house next to the Holy Lamb toward Cheapside', in Cordwainer Street, London, at 'hora 11, minut 4, Secunde 56', on Sunday 18 April 1535, the son of John and ...

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See Kendrick, James

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Maker: Walter Stoneman

Sir Charles Prestwood Lucas (1853–1931) by Walter Stoneman, 1917 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lucas, Sir Charles Prestwood (1853–1931), civil servant, historian, and geographer, was born at Glanyrafon, Crickhowell, Brecknockshire, on 7 August 1853. He was the fourth and youngest son of Henry John Lucas MD, of Glanyrafon and his wife, Elisabeth, daughter of George Bevan, vicar of ...

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Maitland, William (c. 1693–1757), historian and topographer, was born at Brechin, Forfarshire. Nothing is known of his parentage or of his education. He is known first as a hair merchant, an occupation that took him to Sweden, Denmark, and Germany, and which seems to have enabled him to devote himself to historical study. By 1733 he was in ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Philip Carter

Salmon, Thomas (bap. 1679, d. 1767), historian and travel writer, was born at Meppershall, Bedfordshire, and was baptized there on 2 February 1679, the son of Thomas Salmon (bap. 1647, d. 1706), writer and rector of that parish, and Katherine, née Bradshaw. Nathanael Salmon (1675–1742)...

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Smith, Charles (c. 1715–1762), topographer and county historian, was born in co. Waterford, Ireland, of unknown family origins. He began his employment in Dungarvan, co. Waterford, in 1740 as an apothecary. From 1738 he was involved in an ultimately unsuccessful attempt to publish a natural history atlas of the counties of ...