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Ames, William (1576–1633), theologian and university teacher  

Keith L. Sprunger

Ames, William (1576–1633), theologian and university teacher, was born at Ipswich, the son of William Ames, merchant, and his wife, Joane Snelling, also from a Suffolk merchant family. Both of these families were substantial folk. William had one sister, Elizabeth. When the two were quite young, the parents died, and ...

Article

Babington, Gervase (1549/50–1610), theologian and bishop of Worcester  

John S. Macauley

Babington, Gervase (1549/50–1610), theologian and bishop of Worcester, was born in Nottinghamshire, as Sir John Harington noted, 'by birth … a gentleman of a verie good house' (Harington, 129). Claims that he was a native of Devon, made by ...

Article

Barrow, Isaac (1630–1677), mathematician and theologian  

Mordechai Feingold

Barrow, Isaac (1630–1677), mathematician and theologian, was born in London in October 1630, the son of Thomas Barrow, from a Cambridgeshire family, and his wife, Anne Buggin. Following the death of his mother in 1634 Isaac was sent to his grandfather's house where he remained until his father, already becoming a successful linen draper, married ...

Article

Barrow, William (bap. 1754, d. 1836), writer on theology  

Richard Sharp

Barrow, William (bap. 1754, d. 1836), writer on theology, baptized on 16 December 1754 at St Andrew's Church, Dent, Yorkshire, was the fourth son of John Barrow and his wife, Isabel, née Hodgson. He was educated at Sedbergh School, Yorkshire, and entered Queen's College, Oxford...

Article

Becon, Thomas (1512/13–1567), theologian and Church of England clergyman  

Seymour Baker House

Becon, Thomas (1512/13–1567), theologian and Church of England clergyman, was born in Norfolk, near Thetford, in 1512 or 1513 to unknown parents.

Becon entered Cambridge in 1527, when the university was home to such future reformers as ...

Article

Broughton, Hugh (1549–1612), divine and Hebraist  

G. Lloyd Jones

Broughton, Hugh (1549–1612), divine and Hebraist, was born in Oldbury, Shropshire, the son of Robert Broughton of Broughton, Shropshire. He referred to himself as of Welsh descent but nothing more certain is known. He received his early education from Bernard Gilpin, who prepared him for university and sent him to ...

Article

Butler, Joseph (1692–1752), moral philosopher and theologian  

Christopher Cunliffe

Butler, Joseph (1692–1752), moral philosopher and theologian, was born on 18 May 1692 in Wantage, Berkshire. He was the youngest among the eight children of Thomas Butler (d. 1731), variously described as a prominent cloth merchant or linen draper in the town and as '...

Article

Casaubon, (Florence Estienne) Meric (1599–1671), scholar and divine  

R. W. Serjeantson

Casaubon, (Florence Estienne) Meric (1599–1671), scholar and divine, was born on 14 August 1599 in Geneva, the tenth of the seventeen children of Isaac Casaubon (1559–1614), classical scholar and church historian, and his second wife, Florence (1568?–1636), daughter of Henri Estienne. Meric was the most scholarly of ...

Article

Chadwick, Henry (1920–2008), theologian and church historian  

Henry Mayr-Harting

Chadwick, Henry (1920–2008), theologian and church historian, was born on 23 June 1920 at St Andrews, Oaklands Road, Bromley, Kent, the third of four sons and the fourth of six children of John Chadwick, barrister, and his wife, Edith Mary, née Horrocks, a gifted musician. The four sons all became men of distinction: ...

Article

Clarke, Samuel (1675–1729), theologian and philosopher  

John Gascoigne

Clarke, Samuel (1675–1729), theologian and philosopher, was born on 11 October 1675 at Norwich, the son of Edward Clarke, cloth manufacturer and MP, and Hannah, daughter of Samuel Parmenter, a merchant of Norwich.

Article

Cudworth, Ralph (1617–1688), philosopher and theologian  

David A. Pailin

Cudworth, Ralph (1617–1688), philosopher and theologian, was born in Aller, Somerset, and baptized there on 13 July 1617. His father, Dr Ralph Cudworth (d. 1624), a fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, who had been lecturer of St Andrew's Church there, was rector of a college living at ...

Article

Dodwell, Henry (1641–1711), scholar and theologian  

Theodor Harmsen

Dodwell, Henry (1641–1711), scholar and theologian, was born in late October 1641 in the parish of St Warburgh, Dublin, the only surviving son of William Dodwell (d. 1650), army officer, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. c.1651), daughter of Sir Francis Slingsby...

Article

Farrer, Austin Marsden (1904–1968), philosopher, theologian, and biblical scholar  

I. M. Crombie

revised

Farrer, Austin Marsden (1904–1968), philosopher, theologian, and biblical scholar, was born at 28 Kemplay Road, Hampstead, London, on 1 October 1904, the son of the Revd Augustine John Daniel Farrer, a Baptist minister, and his wife, Evangeline Archer. From St Paul's School, London...

Article

Figgis, (John) Neville (1866–1919), political theorist and theologian  

Mark D. Chapman

Figgis, (John) Neville (1866–1919), political theorist and theologian, was born at Brighton on 2 October 1866, the elder of the two sons of John Bradley Figgis (1837–1916), minister and chairman of the trustees of the Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion, and his wife, Harriett Webb...

Article

Gastrell, Francis (1662–1725), bishop of Chester and writer on theology  

Stephen W. Baskerville

Gastrell, Francis (1662–1725), bishop of Chester and writer on theology, was born at Slapton, Northamptonshire, on 10 May 1662, the second son of Henry Gastrell, gentleman, and Elizabeth Bagshaw, his wife. Following attendance at Westminster School (1677–80), where he came under the tutelage of ...

Article

Green, Vivian Hubert Howard (1915–2005), Church of England clergyman, historian, and college head  

Paul Langford

Green, Vivian Hubert Howard (1915–2005), Church of England clergyman, historian, and college head, was born on 18 November 1915 at 101 Thurlby Road, Wembley, Middlesex, the only child of Hubert James Green, law stationer's clerk, and son of a Hampstead master tailor, and his wife, ...

Article

Gunning, Peter (1614–1684), bishop of Ely and theologian  

Kenneth W. Stevenson

Gunning, Peter (1614–1684), bishop of Ely and theologian, was born at the vicarage, Hoo, Kent, on 11 January 1614 and baptized at Lower Hoo church five days later, the son of Peter Gunning, the vicar there, and his wife, Ellen. His uncle Richard Gunning...

Article

Gwatkin, Henry Melvill (1844–1916), historian and theologian  

Peter R. H. Slee

Gwatkin, Henry Melvill (1844–1916), historian and theologian, was born at Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire, on 30 July 1844, the second son of the Revd Richard Gwatkin (b. 1791) and his wife, Ann Middleton. He attended St John's College, Cambridge, with a scholarship in 1863, after seven years at ...

Article

Hampden, Renn Dickson (1793–1868), bishop of Hereford and theologian  

Richard Brent

Hampden, Renn Dickson (1793–1868), bishop of Hereford and theologian, eldest son of Renn Hampden (1754–1818), a colonel of militia and slave owner in Barbados, and his wife Frances Raven, was born in Barbados on Good Friday, 29 March 1793. He was sent to ...

Article

Holland, Henry Scott (1847–1918), theologian and social reformer  

John H. Heidt

Holland, Henry Scott (1847–1918), theologian and social reformer, was born on 27 January 1847 at Underdown, Ledbury, Herefordshire, the second of the six children of George Henry Holland and his wife, the Hon. Charlotte Dorothea Gifford, eldest daughter of Robert Gifford, first Baron Gifford of St Leonards...