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Allen, Mary Sophia (1878–1964), police officer, was born on 12 March 1878 at 2 Marlborough Terrace, Newport Road, Roath, Glamorgan, the daughter of Thomas Isaac Allen (1841–1911), a superintendent of the Great Western Railway, and his wife, Margaret Sophia Carlyle (...

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Anderson, John, first Viscount Waverley (1882–1958), civil service administrator and politician, was born at 1 Livingstone Place, Edinburgh, on 8 July 1882, the only surviving son of David Alexander Pearson Anderson (1855–1948), a fancy stationer who later became a director of a well-known firm of printers and publishers, ...

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Anderson, Sir John (1858–1918), civil servant and colonial governor, was born on 23 January 1858 at the Free School, Gartly, Aberdeenshire, the only son among the five children of John Anderson, schoolmaster and later superintendent of the Gordon Mission, Aberdeen, and his wife, ...

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Anderson, Sir Robert (1841–1918), spymaster, detective chief, and author, was born on 29 May 1841 in Mountjoy Square, Dublin, the son of Matthew Anderson (1804–1888), crown solicitor, Dublin, and his wife, Mary. He himself described his more distant forebears as 'among the Scotch colonists who made ...

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Armstrong, William, Baron Armstrong of Sanderstead (1915–1980), civil servant and banker, was born in the Salvation Mothers' Home, Mare Street, Clapton, London, on 3 March 1915, the elder son of William Armstrong, of Stirling, and his wife, Priscilla Hopkins. Both his parents were ...

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Arnold, Matthew (1822–1888), poet, writer, and inspector of schools, was born at Laleham-on-Thames, Middlesex, on 24 December 1822, the eldest son and second of the nine surviving children of the Revd Thomas Arnold (1795–1842) and Mary Penrose Arnold (1791–1873). Thomas Arnold had been a fellow of ...

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Arundel [Fitzalan], Thomas (1353–1414), administrator and archbishop of Canterbury, was the third son of Richard (II) Fitzalan, third earl of Arundel and eighth earl of Surrey (c. 1313–1376), and his wife, Eleanor (d. 1372), the daughter of Henry, earl of Lancaster, and widow of ...

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Bacon, Sir Nicholas (1510–1579), lawyer and administrator, was born on Childermas day (28 December) 1510, the second son and one of the five children of Robert Bacon (d. 1548), yeoman and sheep-reeve to the abbot of Bury St Edmunds, and his wife, ...

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Bagot, Sir William (d. 1407), administrator, came from a Staffordshire family, and was perhaps a younger brother of Sir John Bagot of Blithfield. He established himself as a landowner in Warwickshire by purchasing Baginton and two other manors in the 1380s, and by leasing ...

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Bancroft, Ian Powell, Baron Bancroft (1922–1996), civil servant, was born at Risedale Maternity Home, Barrow in Furness, Lancashire, on 23 December 1922, the only son of Alfred Ernest Bancroft (1886–1954), a schoolmaster who later became an inspector of schools, and his wife, Lilian, ...

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Beckington [Bekynton], Thomas (1390?–1465), administrator and bishop of Bath and Wells, was the son of a weaver from Beckington, Somerset. He was admitted as a scholar to Winchester College in 1403, nominated a scholar of New College, Oxford, in 1406, and held a fellowship at ...

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Bedingfeld [Bedingfield], Sir Henry (1509x11–1583), administrator, was the eldest son of Sir Edmund Bedingfield (1479/80–1553) [see under Bedingfield family] and his wife, Grace (d. in or after 1553), the daughter of Henry, first Baron Marney. There is some confusion about his birth date: his father's inquisition post mortem, held in June 1553, states that he was then forty-three years old, but the family missal gives his birth as 8 September 1511 (...

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Bigge, Sir Lewis Amherst Selby-, first baronet (1860–1951), civil servant and author, was born on 3 April 1860 at Oakwood, Kent, the second son of Charles Selby Bigge (1834–1889), landowner and JP, and his wife, Katharina (d. 1918), daughter of John Scott Ogle...

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Blount, Charles, eighth Baron Mountjoy and earl of Devonshire (1563–1606), soldier and administrator, was the second son of James Blount, sixth Baron Mountjoy (1532/3–1581), nobleman [see under Blount, Charles, fifth Baron Mountjoy], and his wife, Catherine (d. 1576), daughter of ...

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Bowes, Sir Martin (1496/7–1566), goldsmith and mayor of London, was born in York in the parish of St Cuthbert, Peaseholme. Despite his disclaimer in 1549 that at the time of his going thirty-eight years previously to London at the age of fourteen (...

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Boyle, Richard, first earl of Cork (1566–1643), landowner and administrator, was born at Preston, near Faversham in Kent, on 13 October 1566, the second son of Roger Boyle (d. 1576), landowner, and his wife, Joan, daughter of Robert Naylor. Roger Boyle, a cadet of a ...

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Bradford, Sir Edward Ridley Colborne, first baronet (1836–1911), administrator in India and police officer, was born on 27 July 1836 at Hambleden Cottage, Buckinghamshire, the second son of William Mussage Kirkwall Bradford (1806–1872), who was rector successively of Rotherfield Greys, Oxfordshire; Weeke, Hampshire...

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Braidwood, James (1800–1861), fire officer, was born at Edinburgh on 3 September 1800, the ninth of ten children of Francis Braidwood (b. 1752), a cabinet-maker who became a successful builder, and his wife, Janet Mitchell. His grandfather, William Braidwood, a strict sabbatarian, was one of the ‘...

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Brand, Robert Henry, Baron Brand (1878–1963), merchant banker and public servant, was born on 30 October 1878 in Kensington, London, the seventh child and fourth son of Henry Robert Brand, second Viscount Hampden of Glynde (1841–1906), soldier, Liberal MP, and colonial governor, and his second wife, ...

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Bridges, Edward Ettingdene, first Baron Bridges (1892–1969), civil servant, was born at Yattendon Manor, Berkshire, on 4 August 1892. He was the third of the three children and only son of Robert Seymour Bridges (1844–1930), poet laureate from 1913 to 1930, and his wife, ...